The History Of Nuclear Power

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The Politics Of Nuclear Power

Author : D.P. McCaffrey
ISBN : 0792310357
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 90.68 MB
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Several individuals noted the potentially important civilian uses of atomic energy shortly after the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. That year J. Robert Oppenheimer told a national radio audience that "in the near future" it would be possible to generate profitable electric power from "controlled nuclear chain reaction units" (reactors). It was suggested that, after fIfteen to twenty-five years of development, mature nuclear technology could provide virtually inexhaustible, cheap energy given the abundance of nuclear fuel. Admiral Lewis Strauss, the Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, stated that atomic power would generate electricity "too cheap to meter" (A statement that, according to Brookhaven National Laboratories' physicist Herbert Kouts, immediately "caused consternation among his technical advisors" [Kouts, 1983: 3)). For a brief period it was thought that airplanes would fly using atomic power, and homes would install small nuclear reactors for heat and hot water. 1950s and early 1960s a small number of prototype nuclear In the reactors came on line in the United States. The first power plant protoype reactor began operation in Shippingport, Pennsylvania in 1957. It was followed by the Dresden 1 unit near Chicago in 1959, the Yankee plant in Rowe, Massachusetts (1960), and the Indian Point (New York) and Big Rock Point (Michigan) plants in 1%2. These five plants had a combined 800 megawatts (800 MW), or less than one generating capacity ofless than percent of the total American electricity generating capacity in 1962.
Category: Political Science

The Atomic Complex

Author : Bertrand Goldschmidt
ISBN : STANFORD:36105030564236
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 22.84 MB
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Atomic Complex is a worldwide political history of the development of nuclear energy from its military use in the 1940s to its peaceful uses today. But, equally important, the book is also the personal memoir of Bertrand Goldschmidt, a man who was in the forefront of the effort to harness energy from the atom and who remains active today in his attempts to educate the public about the benefits of the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. Atomic Complex tells the story of the development of nuclear explosives and nuclear energy from the viewpoint of a scientist turned statesman.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Atomic Awakening A New Look At The History And Future Of Nuclear Power

Author : James Mahaffey
ISBN : 1605981273
Genre : Science
File Size : 58.91 MB
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“Persuasive and based on deep research. Atomic Awakening taught me a great deal."—Nature The American public's introduction to nuclear technology was manifested in destruction and death. With Hiroshima and the Cold War still ringing in our ears, our perception of all things nuclear is seen through the lens of weapons development. Nuclear power is full of mind-bending theories, deep secrets, and the misdirection of public consciousness, some deliberate, some accidental. The result of this fixation on bombs and fallout is that the development of a non-polluting, renewable energy source stands frozen in time. Outlining nuclear energy's discovery and applications throughout history, Mahaffey's brilliant and accessible book is essential to understanding the astounding phenomenon of nuclear power in an age where renewable energy and climate change have become the defining concerns of the twenty-first century.
Category: Science

The Demise Of Nuclear Energy

Author : Joseph G. Morone
ISBN : 0300044496
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 58.82 MB
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Looks at the history of nuclear reactors, discusses the process of technological decision making, and examines the political reasons for nuclear power failure
Category: Political Science

Nuclear Energy Encyclopedia

Author : Thomas B. Kingery
ISBN : 9781118043486
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 82.30 MB
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The A-to-Z reference resource for nuclear energy information A significant milestone in the history of nuclear technology, Nuclear Energy Encyclopedia: Science, Technology, and Applications is a comprehensive and authoritative reference guide written by a committee of the world's leading energy experts. The encyclopedia is packed with cutting-edge information about where nuclear energy science and technology came from, where they are today, and what the future may hold for this vital technology. Filled with figures, graphs, diagrams, formulas, and photographs, which accompany the short, easily digestible entries, the book is an accessible reference work for anyone with an interest in nuclear energy, and includes coverage of safety and environmental issues that are particularly topical in light of the Fukushima Daiichi incident. A definitive work on all aspects of the world's energy supply, the Nuclear Energy Encyclopedia brings together decades of knowledge about energy sources and technologies ranging from coal and oil, to biofuels and wind, and ultimately nuclear power.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Nuclear Energy

Author : David Bodansky
ISBN : 0387269312
Genre : Science
File Size : 48.55 MB
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This second edition represents an extensive revision of the ?rst edition, - though the motivation for the book and the intended audiences, as described inthepreviouspreface,remainthesame. Theoveralllengthhasbeenincreased substantially, with revised or expanded discussions of a number of topics, - cluding Yucca Mountain repository plans, new reactor designs, health e?ects of radiation, costs of electricity, and dangers from terrorism and weapons p- liferation. The overall status of nuclear power has changed rather little over the past eight years. Nuclear reactor construction remains at a very low ebb in much of the world, with the exception of Asia, while nuclear power’s share of the electricity supply continues to be about 75% in France and 20% in the United States. However,therearesignsofaheightenedinterestinconsideringpossible nuclear growth. In the late 1990s, the U. S. Department of Energy began new programs to stimulate research and planning for future reactors, and many candidate designs are now contending—at least on paper—to be the next generation leaders. Outside the United States, the commercial development ofthePebbleBedModularReactorisbeingpursuedinSouthAfrica,aFrench- German consortium has won an order from Finlandfor the long-plannedEPR (European Pressurized Water Reactor), and new reactors have been built or planned in Asia. In an unanticipated positive development for nuclear energy, the capacity factor of U. S. reactors has increased dramatically in recent years, and most operating reactors now appear headed for 20-year license renewals.
Category: Science

The History Of Nuclear Power

Author : James Mahaffey
ISBN : 1438195761
Genre : Environmental sciences
File Size : 47.11 MB
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The discovery and application of nuclear power is one of the most profound scientific accomplishments of the 20th century, beginning with tentative explorations of the structure of matter, expanding into a rapid succession of u.
Category: Environmental sciences

Nuclear Fear

Author : Spencer R. WEART
ISBN : UOM:39015013120269
Genre : Science
File Size : 46.53 MB
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Assesses the impact of associations derived from historical and cultural sources on perceptions about nuclear energy
Category: Science

The American Atom

Author : Philip L. Cantelon
ISBN : 0812213548
Genre : History
File Size : 36.98 MB
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For this edition (first in 1984), the editors have updated the collection of primary documents which tell the story of atomic energy in the US from the discovery of fission through the development of nuclear weapons, international proliferation, and attempts at control. The book also includes a new chapter, reflects on Chernoyl, Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Category: History

The Technological And Economic Future Of Nuclear Power

Author : Reinhard Haas
ISBN : 9783658259877
Genre : Electronic books
File Size : 31.77 MB
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This open access book discusses the eroding economics of nuclear power for electricity generation as well as technical, legal, and political acceptance issues. The use of nuclear power for electricity generation is still a heavily disputed issue. Aside from technical risks, safety issues, and the unsolved problem of nuclear waste disposal, the economic performance is currently a major barrier. In recent years, the costs have skyrocketed especially in the European countries and North America. At the same time, the costs of alternatives such as photovoltaics and wind power have significantly decreased. Contents History and Current Status of the World Nuclear Industry The Dramatic Decrease of the Economics of Nuclear Power Nuclear Policy in the EU The Legacy of Csernobyl and Fukushima Nuclear Waste and Decommissioning of Nuclear Power Plants Alternatives: Heading Towards Sustainable Electricity Systems Target Groups Researchers and students in the fields of political, economic and technical sciences Energy (policy) experts, nuclear energy experts and practitioners, economists, engineers, consultants, civil society organizations The Editors Prof. Dr. Reinhard Haas is University Professor of energy economics at the Institute of Energy Systems and Electric Drives at Technische Universität Wien, Austria. PD Dr. Lutz Mez is Associate Professor at the Department for Political and Social Sciences of Freie Universität Berlin, Germany. PD Dr. Amela Ajanovic is a senior researcher and lecturer at the Institute of Energy Systems and Electrical Drives at Technische Universität Wien, Austria.--
Category: Electronic books

The Future Of Nuclear Energy

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:68439710
Genre :
File Size : 81.48 MB
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The author begins by discussing the history of nuclear power development in the US. He discusses the challenges for nuclear power such as the proliferation of weapons material, waste management, economics, and safety. He then discusses the future for nuclear power, specifically advanced reactor development. People can all be thankful for nuclear power, for it may well be essential to the long term survival of civilization. Within the seeds of its potential for great good, are also the seeds for great harm. People must ensure that it is applied for great good. What is not in question is whether people can live without it, they cannot. United States leadership is crucial in determining how this technology is developed and applied. The size and capability of the United States technical community is decreasing, a trend that cannot be allowed to continue. It is the author's belief that in the future, the need, the vision and the confidence in nuclear power will be restored, but only if the US addresses the immediate challenges. It is a national challenge worthy of the best people this nation has to offer.
Category:

Nuclear Energy

Author : Charles R. Coble
ISBN : 081721416X
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 47.68 MB
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A history of nuclear energy, describing fission and fusion, safety aspects of nuclear reactors, and the future of this potent source of power.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

In Mortal Hands

Author : Stephanie Cooke
ISBN : 9781608191574
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 81.44 MB
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This landmark history of nuclear power is perfectly timed for today, when Americans are gravely concerned with nuclear terrorism, and a nuclear renaissance is seen as a possible solution to global warming. Few have truly come to terms with the complexities of an issue which may determine the future of the planet. Nuclear weapons, it was once hoped, would bring wars to a close; instead, they spurred a massive arms race that has recently expanded to include North Korea and Iran. Once seen as a source of unlimited electricity, nuclear reactors breed contamination and have been used as covers for secret weapons programs from India and Pakistan to Iraq and Iran. The evolving story of nuclear power, as told by industry insider Stephanie Cooke, reveals the gradual deepening of our understanding of the pros and cons of this controversial energy source. Drawing on her unprecedented access, Cooke shows us how, time and again, the stewards of the nuclear age-- the more-is-better military commanders and civilian nuclear boosters-- have fallen into the traps of their own hubris and wishful thinking as they tried to manage the unmanageable. Their mistakes are on the verge of being repeated again, which is why this book deserves especially close attention now.
Category: Political Science

Nuclear Inc

Author : Mark Hertsgaard
ISBN : STANFORD:36105039474668
Genre : Nuclear industry
File Size : 79.77 MB
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A comprehensive account of the economics of the nuclear industry examines the motives and activities of the corporate and government leaders who control those economics and the history of the industry itself
Category: Nuclear industry

Nuclear Decommissioning

Author : Michele Laraia
ISBN : 9783319759166
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 54.17 MB
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This book discusses the history of nuclear decommissioning as a science and industry. It explores the early, little-known period when the term “decommissioning” was not used in the nuclear context and the end-of-life operations of a nuclear facility were a low priority. It then describes the subsequent period when decommissioning was recognized as a separate phase of the nuclear lifecycle, before bringing readers up to date with today’s state of the art. The author addresses decommissioning as a mature industry in an era in which large, commercial nuclear reactors and other fuel-cycle installations have been fully dismantled, and their sites returned to other uses. The book also looks at the birth, growth and maturity of decommissioning, focusing on how new issues emerged, how these were gradually addressed, and the lessons learned from them. Further, it examines the technologies and management advances in science and industry that followed these solutions. Nuclear Decommissioning is a point of reference for industry researchers and decommissioning practitioners looking to enrich their knowledge of decommissioning in recent decades as well as the modern industry. The book is also of interest to historians and students who wish to learn more about the history of nuclear decommissioning.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Engaging The Atom

Author : Arne Kaijser
ISBN : 1952271320
Genre :
File Size : 38.12 MB
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Transnational perspectives on the relationship between nuclear energy and society. With the aim of overcoming the disciplinary and national fragmentation that characterizes much research on nuclear energy, Engaging the Atom brings together specialists from a variety of fields to analyze comparative case studies across Europe and the United States. It explores evolving relationships between society and the nuclear sector from the origins of civilian nuclear power until the present, asking why nuclear energy has been more contentious in some countries than in others and why some countries have never gone nuclear, or have decided to phase out nuclear, while their neighbors have committed to the so-called nuclear renaissance. Contributors examine the challenges facing the nuclear sector in the context of aging reactor fleets, pressing climate urgency, and increasing competition from renewable energy sources. Written by leading academics in their respective disciplines, the nine chapters of Engaging the Atom place the evolution of nuclear energy within a broader set of national and international configurations, including its role within policies and markets.
Category:

Nuclear Power Explained

Author : Dirk Eidemüller
ISBN : 303072669X
Genre : Science
File Size : 85.10 MB
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From World War II to the present day, nuclear power has remained a controversial topic in the public eye. In the wake of ongoing debates about energy and the environment, policymakers and laypeople alike are once more asking the questions posed by countless others over the decades: What actually happens in a nuclear power plant? Can we truly trust nuclear energy to be safe and reliable? Where does all that radiation and waste go? This book explains everything you would want to know about nuclear power in a compelling and accessible way. Split into three parts, it walks readers through the basics of nuclear physics and radioactivity; the history of nuclear power usage, including the most important events and disasters; the science and engineering behind nuclear power plants; the politics and policies of various nations; and finally, the long-term societal impact of such technology, from uranium mining and proliferation to final disposal. Featured along the way are dozens of behind-the-scenes, full-color images of nuclear facilities. Written in a nontechnical style with minimal equations, this book will appeal to lay readers, policymakers and professionals looking to acquire a well-rounded view about this complex subject.
Category: Science

The Twentieth Century The Age Of Mediocrity

Author : William Wachter
ISBN : 1425922953
Genre : History
File Size : 25.86 MB
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Nuclear power systems were developed to provide useful energy for the generation of electricity as well as power energy used to propel boats, submarines, power plants, and of course weapons of mass destruction. The authors of this book provided necessary knowledge to capture nuclear produced energy for non-military utilization. Because of their combined knowledge of both nuclear and non-nuclear physics, there were times they were asked to aid in the development of the atomic bomb. Through the authors' accomplishments, the benefits of creating and utilizing energy from nuclear reactions was shown to be naturally acceptable and controllable. Their work recognizes nuclear based energy for its benefits and not for a weapon of mass-destruction.
Category: History

After Fukushima

Author : Andrew Stuart Jonson Daniels
ISBN : 1534946306
Genre :
File Size : 46.73 MB
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The discovery of fission created a new kind of fear, not simply a new iteration of the previous responses to new technology. This new fear was profound, disquieting and all encompassing. By the time nuclear power was introduced, anxiety and concern about nuclear weapons had already fostered perceptions that left a long-lasting legacy that would taint nuclear power for decades. Nuclear power would struggle to cope with the blurred distinctions between military and civilian applications for its entire history. The public would experience nuclear power through the lens of the media, increasingly this lens became a prism which projected a distorted image of nuclear power. Gradually, the distortions became more apparent than reality and the gap in public knowledge widened. Like everything, nuclear power requires representation for the public to assimilate it. The lack of depiction of nuclear power served to amplify the distortions in public perception and reinforced avoidance about nuclear technology. Avoidance about nuclear power is the dominant response, most people do not want to hear about it, learn about it and know about it. Coverage of nuclear power has been dominated by the threat of accidents or any kind of incident that occurred at nuclear power plants. This negative attention about accidents and their potential impact would interfere with the integration of nuclear power into modern society. Accidents seemed limitless in their potential damage, and the lack of public knowledge about their impact allowed imaginations to run wild. The crux of the pro-nuclear and anti-nuclear debate rests on the estimations about the significance of potential accidents. Were they capable of massive destruction and tremendous risk or was their impact compact, limited and minor? The scale of a 'worst-case scenario' became the key question of the nuclear power debate, and proved to be quite powerful in affecting its history. Chernobyl, Fukushima, and even Three Mile Island became larger-than-life incidents and each acquired their own mythology. The perceptions of what happened set the tone for attitudes about nuclear power. Despite being an essential part of the natural environment, radiation is rarely well understood. We are exposed to radiation everyday from the earth below and the sun above, yet parents believe it is more important for children to learn about volcanoes than radiation. The fear of nuclear power and radiation has become significant in itself, changing the course of history. Nuclear power has been decisively shaped by political struggles and emotional arguments that even affected its technological development. Negative feelings about nuclear power contrast with the benign feelings towards wind and solar, so considerable resources and subsidies are devoted to them, in the hope these can make a meaningful impact to reduce emissions. A strong consensus supports wind and solar in contrast to the divisive debate around nuclear power. The emotional responses are driving our attitudes to technology and energy, which does not always result in the most logical ends. The history of nuclear power is both revelatory and surprising, and it will definitely change the way you think about energy in the modern world.
Category:

Containing The Atom

Author : J. Samuel Walker
ISBN : 0520079132
Genre : History
File Size : 86.74 MB
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The late 1960s saw an extraordinary growth in the American nuclear industry: dozens of plants of unprecedented size were ordered throughout the country. Yet at the same time, public concern about the natural environment and suspicion of both government and industry increased dramatically. Containing the Atom is the first scholarly history of nuclear power regulation during those tumultuous years. J. Samuel Walker focuses on the activities of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, the agency entrusted with the primary responsibility for the safety of nuclear power, and shows that from the beginning the AEC faced a paradox: it was charged with both promoting and controlling the nuclear power industry. Out of this paradox grew severe tensions, which Walker discusses in detail. His balanced evaluation of the issues and the positions taken by the AEC and others makes this study an invaluable resource for all those interested in the continuing controversies that surround nuclear energy. The late 1960s saw an extraordinary growth in the American nuclear industry: dozens of plants of unprecedented size were ordered throughout the country. Yet at the same time, public concern about the natural environment and suspicion of both government and industry increased dramatically. Containing the Atom is the first scholarly history of nuclear power regulation during those tumultuous years. J. Samuel Walker focuses on the activities of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, the agency entrusted with the primary responsibility for the safety of nuclear power, and shows that from the beginning the AEC faced a paradox: it was charged with both promoting and controlling the nuclear power industry. Out of this paradox grew severe tensions, which Walker discusses in detail. His balanced evaluation of the issues and the positions taken by the AEC and others makes this study an invaluable resource for all those interested in the continuing controversies that surround nuclear energy.
Category: History