The German Army In The Spring Offensives 1917

Download The German Army In The Spring Offensives 1917 ebook PDF or Read Online books in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to The German Army In The Spring Offensives 1917 book pdf for free now.

The German Army In The Spring Offensives 1917

Author : Jack Sheldon
ISBN : 9781783463459
Genre : History
File Size : 69.99 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 325
Read : 654

After the great battles of 1916, the Allied Armies planned to launch massive attacks North and South of the Somme. The German withdrawal to the Hindenburg Line in March 1917 forced the new French CinC General Nivelle to rethink and the French embarked on a major attack in the Aisne area and along the Chemin des Dames, with the British conducting large scale diversionary operations around Arras. The French suffered disastrously and, rendered incapable of further offensive operations, it fell to the British to step up the pressure, which they did albeit at a terrible price. This latest work by expert Jack Sheldon describes the event of Spring 1917 from the defenders' perspective. In particular it reveals the methods the Germans used to smash the French attacks and Oberst Fritz von Lossberg's transformation of the defences in the Arras front. Actions described in detail are the bitter battles around Monchy Le Preun, the Roeux Chemical works and Bullecourt as well as the capture of Vimy Ridge.
Category: History

Western Front 1917 1918

Author : John Grehan
ISBN : 9781781593233
Genre : History
File Size : 66.95 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 637
Read : 555

From the moment the German army moved quietly into Luxemburg on 2 August 1914, to the Armistice on 11 November 1918, the fighting on the Western Front in France and Flanders never stopped. There were quiet periods, just as there were the most intense, savage, huge-scale battles.??The war on the Western Front can be thought of as being in three phases: first, a war of movement as Germany attacked France and the Allies sought to halt it; second, the lengthy and terribly costly siege warfare as the entrenched lines proved impossible to crack (late 1914 to mid-1918); and finally a return to mobile warfare as the Allies applied lessons and technologies forged in the previous years.??As with previous wars, British Commanders-in-Chief of a theatre of war or campaign were obliged to report their activities and achievements to the War Office in the form of a despatch and those written from the Western Front provide a fascinating, detailed and compelling overview of this part of the First World War.??This volume concludes with Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig's fascinating despatch, originally published in 1919, on the execution of the fighting on the Western Front
Category: History

How The War Was Won

Author : T. H. E. Travers
ISBN : 041575593X
Genre : History
File Size : 46.24 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 547
Read : 1018

"How the War Was Won" describes the major role played by the British Expeditionary Force on the Western Front in defeating the German army. In particular, the book explains the methods used in fighting the last year of the war, and raises questions as to whether mechanical warfare could have been more widely used. Using a wide range of unpublished material from archives in both Britain and Canada, Travers explores the two themes of command and technology as the style of warfare changed from late 1917 through 1918. He describes in detail the British army's defense against the German 1918 spring offensives, analyzes command problems during these offensives, and offers an overriding explanation for the March 1918 retreat. He also fully investigates the role of the tank from Cambrai to the end of the war, and concludes that, properly used, the tank could have made a greater contribution to victory. "How the War Was Won" explodes many myths and advances newand controversial arguments. It will be essential reading for military historians and strategists, and for those interested in the origins of mechanical warfare.
Category: History

Vcs Of The First World War Spring Offensive 1918

Author : Gerald Gliddon
ISBN : 9780752492346
Genre : History
File Size : 28.18 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 119
Read : 969

At the end of 1917, after three years of trench warfare on the Western Front, the Allied armies of Britain and France, and those of their main opponent, Germany, had reached a point of exhaustion and hibernation. On March 21 1918, the German Army launched a massive assault on the Western Front, hurling fifty-nine divisions into battle against the British Fifth Army, smashing through British lines and advancing 40 miles per week. More offensives were to follow throughout the spring, including at Aisne and Marne, with the aim of ending the war before American forces could reach the Continent and reinforce the Allied lines. Nevertheless, although the German Army left the British Army reeling, the Tommies retreated in good order and fought all the way. It was during these bloody battles, which lasted until July 1918, that fifty-seven men stood out for acts of extraordinary daring and bravery. To these men the highest military honour was awarded – the Victoria Cross. This book reveals the true extent of their bravery, their backgrounds and their lives after the war.
Category: History

Vimy Ridge And Arras

Author : Peter Barton
ISBN : 9781459711396
Genre : History
File Size : 21.1 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 235
Read : 480

In April 1917, Allied guns pounded German positions near Arras with almost three million shells. During the early stages of the succeeding offensive, British and Canadian troops achieved unprecedented advances, capturing a huge swathe of enemy territory, including the famous Vimy Ridge. After the initial shock, however, the Germans quickly recovered to employ inspired battlefield tactics that crushed all hope of breakthrough, despite the injection of Australian military flair. The ultimate cost in human life was immense, with an average daily casualty rate 40 per cent greater than the Somme and almost double that of Passchendaele – making it hour for hour the most treacherous British offensive of the First World War. It stands alone as an example of missed opportunity, wasted lives, defective leadership and poor communication. Yet the determination and doggedness shown by the troops on both sides was breathtaking. In this major new account, Peter Barton showcases over 50 rediscovered British and German panoramic photographs of the battlegrounds. Taken at huge personal risk by specialist photographers, they reveal what no other photographs can – the view beyond the trench parapet – and a view not seen for over 90 years. Also included are many unpublished testimonies, letters, and memoirs, with stunning mapping, plans and diagrams throughout.
Category: History

The First World War 3

Author : Peter Simkins
ISBN : 9781472809780
Genre : History
File Size : 34.91 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 550
Read : 993

In this, the second volume covering the war on the Western Front, Peter Simkins describes the last great battles of attrition at Arras, on the Aisne and at Passchendaele in 1917. Then he moves on to relate the successive offensives launched by Germany in the spring and summer of 1918 in an effort to achieve victory or a favourable peace before American manpower proved decisive. Again, questioning and correcting several myths and long-held assumptions about the nature and conduct of war on the Western Front, the author also looks at the aftermath and legacy of the 'war to end wars'.
Category: History

The German 1918 Offensives

Author : David T. Zabecki
ISBN : 0415558794
Genre : History
File Size : 70.65 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 374
Read : 241

This is the first study of the Ludendorff Offensives of 1918 based extensively on key German records presumed to be lost forever after Potsdam was bombed in 1944. In 1997, David T. Zabecki discovered translated copies of these files in a collection of old instructional material at the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. He presents his findings here for the first time, with a thorough review of the surviving original operational plans and orders, to offer a wealth of fresh insights to the German Offensives of 1918. David T. Zabecki clearly demonstrates how the German failure to exploit the vulnerabilities in the BEF's rail system led to the failure of the first two offensives, and how inadequacies in the German rail system determined the outcome of the last three offensives. This is a window into the mind of the German General Staff of World War I, with thorough analysis of the German planning and decision making processes during the execution of battles. This is also the first study in English or in German to analyze the specifics of the aborted Operation HAGEN plan. This is also the first study of the 1918 Offensives to focus on the 'operational level of war' and on the body of military activity known as 'the operational art', rather than on the conventional tactical or strategic levels. This book will be of great interest to all students of World War I, the German Army and of strategic studies and military theory in general.
Category: History

Citations Of The Distinguished Conduct Medal 1914 1920

Author : Walker
ISBN : 184734786X
Genre : History
File Size : 80.79 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 940
Read : 561

Britain s Fourth Army, under Gen. Sir Henry Rawlinson, was the force that bore much of the brunt of the campaign that this official history calls the Hundred Days - the great counter attack beginning on August 8th 1918 which finally forced the German command to sue for the Armistice that came into effect on November 11th, ending the Great War in the west. Germany s commander Gen. Paul von Hindenburg called August 8th the black day of the German army in this war and it was indeed the beginning of the end. The high tide of Ludendorff s Spring Offensives had been halted just before the vital cathedral city and road and rail junction of Amiens, and on August 8th, spearheaded by Australian troops and a strong force of tanks, the Allies hit back. New tactics had at last been learned after the futile offensives of 1915,1916, and 1917, and the Allied troops moved forward under the cover of creeping barrages in small, fast-moving groups tasked to achievable bite and hold operations. When resistance stiffened the attack would be broken off and renewed on another part of the line. By such means the seemingly impregnable Hindenburg Line - which made use of canals and tunnels to form a mighty defence barrier - was rapidly broken and the offensive passed into the open country to the east. The final battles fought by the Fourth Army early in November were in near Le Cateau, ironically the site of the battle in 1914 that had begun the war. This history, written by an officer on Fourth Army staff, gives the full story of the campaign, accompanied by many photographs, a separate volume of maps and excellently drawn battlefield panoramas. There are also appendices on German prisoners taken; battlefield casualties; orders of battle; ammunition expended; and accounts of VCs won.
Category: History

The Major Battles Of The First World War

Author : Bill Price
ISBN : 9781909284203
Genre : History
File Size : 25.99 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 348
Read : 1223

Contents Introduction 1914 – The War Begins 1915 – From the Trenches to Turkey 1916 - The Great Offensives 1917 - War in the Mud 1918 – Breakthrough The battles of World War I were fought on an unprecedented scale. Both sides made use of industrial technology to inflict horrendous numbers of casualties on the other and armies composed of millions of men confronted each other in cataclysmic encounters, the like of which had never been seen before. On one side were the Central Powers of Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, who were joined by the Turkish Ottoman Empire and by Bulgaria, while the other was made up of the Entente Powers, the Allies of France, Russia and Britain, together with the countries of the British Empire and Commonwealth, principally Canada, India, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. Over the course of the war, other countries also joined the Allies, including Italy, Romania and, in April 1917, America, whose vast resources of manpower and huge industrial capacity dramatically altered the balance of power on the battlefield.
Category: History

War In The Air Being The Story Of The Part Played In The Great War By The Royal Air Force

Author : H A Jones
ISBN : 1783315792
Genre :
File Size : 87.93 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 758
Read : 215

The fourth in the seven volume official history of the RAF in the Great War covers naval air operations in 1917 and early 1918; and over the western front from the battle of Messines in June 1917 down to the German Spring offensives in 1918. The fourth book in the seven volume official history of the RAF in the Great War covers naval air developments and operations in home waters throughout 1917 and for the first quarter of 1918. It includes a narrative of the anti-submarine work of the various types of aircraft during the period of unrestricted U-boat warfare, and of the diverse operations undertaken by naval aircraft based at or near Dunkirk. The remainder of the volume deals with air warfare on the Western Front, beginning with the battle of Messines in June 1917 and ending with the German offensives on the Somme and on the Lys in March and April 1918.
Category:

Joining The Great War April 1917 April 1918

Author : Eric B. Setzekorn
ISBN : 0160937957
Genre : History
File Size : 64.33 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 843
Read : 418

Eric Setzekorn summarizes the prewar United States Army, the initial American reaction to the outbreak of war in Europe in 1914, and the factors that led to the U.S. declaration of war in April 1917. The narrative then examines how the U.S. Army transformed itself from a small constabulary force into a mass, industrialized army capable of engaging in modern warfare. The author covers stateside mobilization and training, the formation of the American Expeditionary Forces, and the slow buildup of American forces in France, and concludes with U.S. soldiers helping to blunt the first phase of the 1918 German Spring Offensive.
Category: History

U S Entering The Great War 1917 1918

Author : Eric B. Setzekorn
ISBN : 9788027240203
Genre : History
File Size : 35.53 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 179
Read : 379

This eBook edition of "U.S. Entering The Great War: 1917-1918" has been formatted to the highest digital standards and adjusted for readability on all devices. America's entry into the World War in April 1917 presented the United States Army with its greatest challenge in the nation's history. This book examines the U.S. Army's involvement in the Great War from the declaration of war on 6 April 1917 through the initial phase of the German Spring Offensive in March–April 1918. Finally, this book is enriched with the official documents of the U.S. Government from the Fist World War. Contents: Strategic Setting The U.S. Army Before the War American Military and Civilian Leadership The Amalgamation Debate Mobilization of Manpower Building the AEF, 1917 American Soldiers Begin Arriving Training the AEF Men and Materiel in the AEF The War Department: Challenges and Reform Strategic Crisis on the Western Front The AEF Joins the Fight Official Documents of the U.S. Government from the Great War Official Positions of Principal Persons Mentioned in the Correspondence The Continuation and Further Spread of the War—Efforts Toward Peace The Continuation of the War—Participation of the United States Neutral Rights Neutral Duties Belligerent Rights and Practice Other Problems and Responsibilities
Category: History

The German Army On Vimy Ridge 1914 1917

Author : Jack Sheldon
ISBN : 9781844684922
Genre : History
File Size : 46.27 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 376
Read : 830

The book starts with on the capture of Vimy Ridge and the nearly spur of Notre Dame de Lorette in October 1914. The major battles of spring and autumn 1915 is described as is the twelve month period from late autumn 1915 when British forces occupied the lines on the western Ridge. The period from late autumn 1916 onwards when the Canadian Corps was preparing for the April 1917 assault on the ridge, is given detailed treatment, with special emphasis (based on original German intelligence and interrogation files) on how the defenders built up a detailed picture of Allied plans and how they intended to counter them. The battle (9—14 April 1917) is described in detail and the conclusion summarizes the aftermath of the battle and its consequences for the way the German army prepared for the Third Battle of Ypres.The book employs a similar format to The German Army on the Somme 1914–1916 and The German Army at Passchendaele; the greater part of the text is based on the words of the German participants themselves.Commentary and evidence from senior commanders is introduced as necessary; the aim once more being to produce a work of popular history, which nevertheless provides an important contribution to the overall historiography of the Great War.
Category: History

Cheerful Sacrifice

Author : Jonathan Nicholls
ISBN : 9781844687565
Genre : History
File Size : 89.41 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 149
Read : 1142

Cheerful Sacrifice tells the story of the spring offensive of April—May 1917, otherwise known as the Battle of Arras. Probably because the noise had hardly died down before it started up again with the explosions at Messines, shortly to be followed by the even more horrible Third Ypres—remembered as Passchendaele—the Battle of Arras has not received the attention it deserves. Yet, as the author points out, on the basis of the daily casualty rate it was the most lethal and costly British offensive battle of the First World War. In the thirty-nine days that the battle lasted the average casualty rate was far higher than at either the Somme or Passchendaele. Jonathan Nicholls, in this his first book, gives the Battle of Arras its proper place in the annals of military history, enhancing his text with a wealth of eye-witness accounts. One is left in no doubt that the survivor who described it as 'the most savage infantry battle of the war', did not exaggerate. Nor can there be much doubt that the author is destined to rise high in the firmament of military historians.
Category: History

Joining The Great War April 1917 April 1918

Author : United States Army
ISBN : 1098964829
Genre :
File Size : 25.88 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 544
Read : 830

Joining the Great War, April 1917-April 1918, by Eric B. Setzekorn, is the next installment in the U.S. Army Campaigns of World War I series, chronicling the first year of the American involvement in World War I. It briefly summarizes the prewar U.S. Army, the initial American reaction to the outbreak of war in Europe in 1914, and the factors that led to the U.S. declaration of war in April 1917. The narrative then examines how the U.S. Army transformed itself from a small constabulary force into a mass, industrialized army capable of engaging in modern warfare. The author covers stateside mobilization and training, the formation of the American Expeditionary Forces, and the slow buildup of American forces in France and concludes with U.S. soldiers helping to blunt the first phase of the 1918 German Spring Offensive.
Category:

1918

Author : Matthias Strohn
ISBN : 9781472829351
Genre : History
File Size : 61.44 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 601
Read : 683

In 2018, the world will be commemorating the centenary of the end of the First World War. In many ways, 1918 was the most dramatic year of the conflict. After the defeat of Russia in 1917, the Germans were able to concentrate their forces on the Western Front for the first time in the war, and the German offensives launched from March 1918 onward brought the Western Allies close to defeat. Having stopped the German offensives, the Entente started its counter-attacks on all fronts with the assistance of fresh US troops, driving the Germans back and, by November 1918, the Central Powers had been defeated. This new study is a multi-author work containing ten chapters by some of the best historians of the First World War from around the world writing today. It provides an overview and analysis of the different levels of war for each of the main armies involved within the changing context of the reality of warfare in 1918. It also looks in detail at the war at sea and in the air, and considers the aftermath and legacy of the First World War.
Category: History

The Western Front 1917 1918

Author : Andrew Wiest
ISBN : 9781908273116
Genre : History
File Size : 68.65 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 949
Read : 736

The History of World War I series recounts the battles and campaigns that took place during the 'Great War'. From the Falkland Islands to the lakes of Africa, across the Eastern and Western Fronts, to the former German colonies in the Pacific, the World War I series provides a six-volume history of the battles and campaigns that raged on land, at sea and in the air. Following the climactic battles of Verdun and the Somme the previous year, the Allies sought to finish the war on the Western Front in 1917 through a major French offensive designed to rupture the German front and roll up their position. This attack was to be supported by a diversionary British offensive at Arras in the north, which would draw off both German attention and their reserves. In the event, the French offensive in Champagne failed to deliver the promised breakthrough, leaving the French Army in a state of open mutiny. While French discipline recovered, the British Expeditionary Force took on the burden of the bulk of the fighting for the rest of the year. The need for an Allied offensive to take the pressure off the French resulted in the Third Battle of Ypres, more commonly known as Passchendaele. The battle degenerated into a slaughter in the Flanders mud thanks to heavy rain, and the only rays of light for the Allies at the end of 1917 were the arrival of fresh American troops on the Western Front, and the potential for a decisive victory shown by the use of armour at the Battle of Cambrai. However the Russian Revolution brought the fighting on the Eastern Front to an end, releasing numerous battle-hardened divisions to reinforce the Germans in the west. The year 1918 saw Germany launch her Spring Offensives, desperate attempts to defeat the Allies before the Americans could arrive in force. Although these assaults came close to breaking the Allied line, they eventually petered out in the face of determined resistance and over-extended supply lines. Following the Battle of Amiens in August, the Allies pressed onwards: the British in Flanders, the French and the Americans in the Meuse-Argonne region. By September it was obvious that Germany was losing the war, and the decision was made to sue for peace before Allied troops reached German soil. The Armistice came into force at 11am on the morning of 11 November 1918, although the war did not officially end until the signing of the Treaty of Versailles in June 1919. With the aid of over 300 black and white and colour photographs, complemented by full-colour maps, The Western Front 1917–1918 provides a detailed guide to the background and conduct of the conflict on the Western Front in the final years of World War I.
Category: History

The U S Army Campaigns Of World War I Joining The Great War April 1917 April 1918

Author : Center of Center of Military History
ISBN : 9798714881107
Genre :
File Size : 66.20 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 495
Read : 571

Joining the Great War, April 1917-April 1918, by Eric B. Setzekorn, is the next installment in the U.S. Army Campaigns of World War I series, chronicling the first year of the American involvement in World War I. It briefly summarizes the prewar U.S. Army, the initial American reaction to the outbreak of war in Europe in 1914, and the factors that led to the U.S. declaration of war in April 1917. The narrative then examines how the U.S. Army transformed itself from a small constabulary force into a mass, industrialized army capable of engaging in modern warfare. The author covers stateside mobilization and training, the formation of the American Expeditionary Forces, and the slow buildup of American forces in France and concludes with U.S. soldiers helping to blunt the first phase of the 1918 German Spring Offensive.
Category:

The War Of Lost Opportunities

Author : Max Hoffmann
ISBN : 9781789127966
Genre : History
File Size : 69.9 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 387
Read : 899

First published in 1924, German General Max Hoffmann’s The War of Lost Opportunities examines missed opportunities for the German military during the First World War. The book takes particular note of The Battle of Tannenberg fought between August 26-30, 1914, which resulted in the almost complete destruction of the Russian Second Army and the suicide of its commanding general, Alexander Samsonov. The battle also led to the 1918 Spring Offensive—otherwise known as Kaiserschlacht (“Kaiser’s Battle”), or the Ludendorff Offensive—which saw a series of German attacks along the Western Front, beginning on 21 March 1918, that marked the deepest advances by either side since 1914. An invaluable addition to any First World War book collection.
Category: History

Joining The Great War

Author : U. S. Military
ISBN : 1521044155
Genre :
File Size : 57.4 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 958
Read : 994

An important history installment in the U.S. Army Campaigns of World War I series, this book chronicles the first year of the American involvement in World War I. It briefly summarizes the prewar U.S. Army, the initial American reaction to the outbreak of war in Europe in 1914, and the factors that led to the U.S. declaration of war in April 1917. The narrative then examines how the U.S. Army transformed itself from a small constabulary force into a mass, industrialized army capable of engaging in modern warfare. The author covers stateside mobilization and training, the formation of the American Expeditionary Forces, and the slow buildup of American forces in France and concludes with U.S. soldiers helping to blunt the first phase of the 1918 German Spring Offensive. This commemorative history examines the U.S. Army's involvement in the Great War from the declaration of war on 6 April 1917 through the initial phase of the German Spring Offensive in March-April 1918. On the home front, the War Department struggled to create the mechanisms to raise, train, and equip millions of new soldiers. American leaders faced a series of obstacles including a lack of facilities and materiel, poorly coordinated rail and shipping networks, and institutional bureaucracies that were not designed to wage war on such a large scale thousands of miles from the nation's shores. In meeting these challenges, U.S. civilian and military leaders fundamentally altered how the United States went to war, implementing a system of national conscription and linking the economy and society to the military to a degree far surpassing that of the Civil War. Never before or since have the U.S. armed forces experienced a comparable period of massive expansion coupled with unprecedented organizational transformation in such a brief period as during 1917-1918. In Europe, the United States joined a military coalition well-versed in the methods of modern warfare but lacking in consistent battlefield success. The American commander, General John J. Pershing, had to coordinate with foreign countries for training, logistical support, and operational planning. Nevertheless, he maintained total authority over American military operations in Europe, and his decisions ensured the development of a distinctive American military identity. This arrangement produced considerable friction and animosity as he rejected strenuous efforts to amalgamate American manpower into European armies, but he maintained the independence and integrity of what would be known as the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF). As in the United States, the U.S. Army had to overcome considerable obstacles in building up its forces in Europe, and American soldiers would face a steep learning curve once they entered combat. As a bonus, we've included the first five chapters of another fascinating first-hand account of the First World War: Over There with the AEF (American Expeditionary Force): The World War I Memoirs of Captain Henry C. Evans.
Category: