Seafaring Maritime Interconnections

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Seafaring And Maritime Interconnections

Author : Pearce Paul Creasman
ISBN : 0615857345
Genre : Civilization, Ancient
File Size : 30.53 MB
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In this robust special issue of JAEI, readers will find a series of articles, extended reports, and book reviews with a uniting theme of critical importance to life in ancient Egypt: seafaring and maritime interconnections. The authors of all manuscripts in this monograph were specifically invited for papers that would provide new insights into the complex nature of maritime networks, particularly the importance of the seas and coastlines, whether for purposes of defense, trade, prestige, or technological advance. Because seafaring has been such a critical aspect of Egyptian life throughout its history, it is fitting that the works in JAEI 5:1 span from the Predynastic through the Classical periods. While all three of the primary bodies of water in the Egyptian world are covered (the Nile River, the Mediterranean, and the Red Sea), readers will notice an emphasis on the Nile Delta region. The work carries research articles by John Tristan Barnes, University of Missouri; Jeffrey P. Emanuel, Harvard University; Samuel Mark, Texas A&M University at Galveston; and Gregory Mumford, University of Alabama at Birmingham. It also features extended research reports from David Fabre and Franck Goddio, Institut Europeen d'Archeologie Sous-Marine; Pierre Tallet, Universite Paris-Sorbonne; and Sakuji Yoshimura and Hiromasa Kurokochi, Waseda University and NPO Institute of the Solar Boat. Finally, three recently published books and monographs are reviewed by Steven Sidebotham, University of Delaware; Chiara Zazzaro, University of Naples "L'Orientale"; and the JAEI Staff. All manuscripts were submitted to the journal's standard process of double peer review, and JAEI is grateful to the reviewers who volunteered their time and expertise.
Category: Civilization, Ancient

The Sea In World History Exploration Travel And Trade 2 Volumes

Author : Stephen K. Stein
ISBN : 9781440835513
Genre : History
File Size : 50.16 MB
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This two-volume set documents the essential role of the sea and maritime activity across history, from travel and food production to commerce and conquest. • Provides a broad survey of the importance of the oceans for all of human culture and civilization, including coverage of diverse cultures such as the Polynesians, Vikings, Minoans, and many others • Describes the voyages of the great explorers and places them in a broad multinational and multicultural perspective • Traces the human use of the sea over time, noting activities and historic events such as piracy, the slave trade, fishing, and whaling, as well as describing commerce in ancient and modern contexts
Category: History

Seagoing Ships Seamanship In The Bronze Age Levant

Author : Shelley Wachsmann
ISBN : 1603440801
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 87.93 MB
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Intro -- Contents -- Foreword -- Acknowledgments -- Chapter 1. Introduction -- The Ships Review of the Evidence -- Chapter 2 -- Chapter 3 -- Chapter 4 -- Chapter 5 -- Chapter 6 -- Chapter 7 -- Appendix: The Pylos Rower Tablets -- Chapter 8 -- Appendix -- Appendix: Additional Evidence -- Chapter 9 Shipwrecks -- Aspects of Maritime Activity -- Chapter 10 -- Appendix: Did Hatshepsut's Punt Ships Have Keels? -- Chapter 11 -- Chapter 12 -- Chapter 13 -- Chapter 14 -- Chapter 15 -- Chapter 16 -- Chapter 17 -- Appendix: Texts from Ugarit Pertaining to Seafaring -- Notes -- Glossary of Nautical Terms -- Bibliography -- Index
Category: Social Science

Mothership Connections

Author : Theodore Walker
ISBN : 9780791485088
Genre : Religion
File Size : 48.18 MB
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Contributes a black Atlantic perspective to postmodernism, theology, and metaphysics.
Category: Religion

New Netherland Connections

Author : Susanah Shaw Romney
ISBN : 9781469614267
Genre : History
File Size : 55.15 MB
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Susanah Shaw Romney locates the foundations of the early modern Dutch empire in interpersonal transactions among women and men. As West India Company ships began sailing westward in the early seventeenth century, soldiers, sailors, and settlers drew on kin and social relationships to function within an Atlantic economy and the nascent colony of New Netherland. In the greater Hudson Valley, Dutch newcomers, Native American residents, and enslaved Africans wove a series of intimate networks that reached from the West India Company slave house on Manhattan, to the Haudenosaunee longhouses along the Mohawk River, to the inns and alleys of maritime Amsterdam. Using vivid stories culled from Dutch-language archives, Romney brings to the fore the essential role of women in forming and securing these relationships, and she reveals how a dense web of these intimate networks created imperial structures from the ground up. These structures were equally dependent on male and female labor and rested on small- and large-scale economic exchanges between people from all backgrounds. This work pioneers a new understanding of the development of early modern empire as arising out of personal ties.
Category: History

Mediterranean Connections

Author : A. Bernard Knapp
ISBN : 9781134992768
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 84.74 MB
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Mediterranean Connections focuses on the origin and development of maritime transport containers from the Early Bronze through early Iron Age periods (ca. 3200–700 BC). Analysis of this category of objects broadens our understanding of ancient Mediterranean interregional connections, including the role that shipwrecks, seafaring, and coastal communities played in interaction and exchange. These containers have often been the subject of specific and detailed pottery studies, but have seldom been examined in the context of connectivity and trade in the Aegean and eastern Mediterranean. This broad study: considers the likely origins of these types of vessels; traces their development and spread throughout the Aegean and eastern Mediterranean as archetypal organic bulk cargo containers; discusses the wider impact on Mediterranean connections, transport and trade over a period of 2,500 years covering the Bronze and early Iron Ages. Classical and Near Eastern archaeologists and historians, as well as maritime archaeologists, will find this extensively researched volume an important addition to their library.
Category: Social Science

Prehistoric Maritime Cultures And Seafaring In East Asia

Author : Chunming Wu
ISBN : 9789813292567
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 54.25 MB
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This book focuses on prehistoric East Asian maritime cultures that pre-dated the Maritime Silk Road, the "Four Seas" and "Four Oceans" navigation system recorded in historical documents of ancient China. Origins of the Maritime Silk Road can be traced to prosperous Neolithic and Metal Age maritime-oriented cultures dispersed along the coastlines of prehistoric China and Southeast Asia. The topics explored here include Neolithisation and the development of prehistoric maritime cultures during the Neolithic and early Metal Age; the expansion and interaction of these cultures along coastlines and across straits; the "two-layer" hypothesis for explaining genetic and cultural diversity in south China and Southeast Asia; prehistoric seafaring and early sea routes; the paleogeography and vegetation history of coastal regions; Neolithic maritime livelihoods based on hunting/fishing/foraging adaptations; rice and millet cultivation and their dispersal along the coast and across the open sea; and interaction between farmers and maritime-oriented hunter/fisher/foragers. In addition, a series of case studies enhances understanding of the development of prehistoric navigation and the origin of the Maritime Silk Road in the Asia-Pacific region.
Category: Social Science

Egyptian Seafaring Expeditions And The Land Of Punt

Author : Kathryn A. Bard
ISBN : 9789004379602
Genre : History
File Size : 59.83 MB
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In the 12th Dynasty the Egyptian state sent seafaring expeditions to the land of Punt from a harbor on the Red Sea. Excavations at Mersa/Wadi Gawasis have uncovered well preserved evidence of this harbor and the probable location of Punt.
Category: History

Maritime Networks In The Ancient Mediterranean World

Author : Justin Leidwanger
ISBN : 9781108688802
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 56.99 MB
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This volume brings together scholars of Mediterranean archaeology, ancient history, and complexity science to advance theoretical approaches and analytical tools for studying maritime connectivity. For the coast-hugging populations of the ancient Mediterranean, mobility and exchange depended on a distinct environment and technological parameters that created diverse challenges and opportunities, making the modeling of maritime interaction a paramount concern for understanding cultural interaction more generally. Network-inspired metaphors have long been employed in discussions of this interaction, but increasing theoretical sophistication and advances in formal network analysis now offer opportunities to refine and test the dominant paradigm of connectivity. Extending from prehistory into the Byzantine period, the case studies here reveal the potential of such network approaches. Collectively they explore the social, economic, religious, and political structures that guided Mediterranean interaction across maritime space.
Category: Social Science

The Oxford Handbook Of Maritime Archaeology

Author : Alexis Catsambis
ISBN : 9780199336005
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 71.73 MB
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The Oxford Handbook of Maritime Archaeology is a comprehensive survey of the field at a time when maritime archaeology has established itself as a mature branch of archaeology. This volume draws on the expertise of nearly fifty international scholars who examine the many distinct and universal aspects of the discipline.
Category: Social Science

Geographies Of Anticolonialism

Author : Andrew Davies
ISBN : 9781119381563
Genre : Science
File Size : 61.95 MB
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A fresh approach to scholarship on the diverse nature of Indian anticolonial processes. Brings together a varied selection of literature to explore Indian anticolonialism in new ways Offers a different perspective to geographers seeking to understand political resistance to colonialism Addresses contemporary studies that argue nationalism was joined by other political processes, such as revolutionary and anarchist ideologies, to shape the Indian independence movement Includes a focus on a specific anticolonial group, the “Pondicherry Gang,” and investigates their significant impact which went beyond South India Helps readers understand the diverse nature of anticolonialism, which in turn prompts thinking about the various geographies produced through anticolonial activity
Category: Science

The Routledge Companion To Marine And Maritime Worlds 1400 1800

Author : Claire Jowitt
ISBN : 9781000075762
Genre : History
File Size : 70.90 MB
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The Routledge Companion to Marine and Maritime Worlds, 1400‒1800 explores early modern maritime history, culture, and the current state of the research and approaches taken by experts in the field. Ranging from cartography to poetry and decorative design to naval warfare, the book shows how once-traditional and often Euro-chauvinistic depictions of oceanic ‘mastery’ during the early modern period have been replaced by newer global ideas. This comprehensive volume challenges underlying assumptions by balancing its assessment of the consequences and accomplishments of European navigators in the era of Columbus, da Gama, and Magellan, with an awareness of the sophistication and maritime expertise in Asia, the Arab world, and the Americas. By imparting riveting new stories and global perceptions of maritime history and culture, the contributors provide readers with fresh insights concerning early modern entanglements between humans and the vast, unpredictable ocean. With maritime studies growing and the ocean’s health in decline, this volume is essential reading for academics and students interested in the historicization of the ocean and the ways early modern cultures both conceptualized and utilized seas.
Category: History

Homeric Seafaring

Author : Samuel Mark
ISBN : 1585443913
Genre : Transportation
File Size : 41.85 MB
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In this comprehensive history of Homer’s references to ships and seafaring, author Samuel Mark reveals patterns in the way that Greeks built ships and approached the sea between 850 and 750 b.c. To discuss and clarify the terms used by Homer, Mark draws on scholarly literature as well as examples from recent excavations of ancient shipwrecks. Mark begins by emphasizing the importance of the household during a period in which chiefs ruled and Greek nobles disdained merchants and considered seafaring a necessary but less than distinguished activity. His chapter on Odysseus’s construction of a ship includes discussions of the types of wood used. He concludes that most Greek ships were of laced, rather than pegged mortise-and-tenon construction. Mark goes on to discuss characteristics of Homeric ships and their stern ornaments, oars, quarter rudders, masts, mast-steps, keels, ropes, cables, and planks. Mark reaches several surprising conclusions: that in an agricultural society, seafaring was a common activity, even among the nobles; that hugging the coast could be more treacherous than sailing across open sea; that Homeric ships were built mainly to be sailed, instead of rowed; that sea battles were relatively common; that helmsmen were crucial to a safe voyage; and that harbors were little more than natural anchorages. Mark’s discussion of Homer’s geography covers theories that posit Odysseus sailing in the Adriatic and Mediterranean Seas and even on the Atlantic Ocean. As befits a study whose subjects are partly historical, partly archaeological, and partly myth and legend, Mark’s conclusions are tentative. Yet, this comprehensive and meticulous study of Homer’s references to ships and seafaring is sure to become a standard study on the subject.
Category: Transportation

The Mediterranean Context Of Early Greek History

Author : Nancy H. Demand
ISBN : 9781405155519
Genre : History
File Size : 60.59 MB
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The Mediterranean Context of Early Greek History reveals the role of the complex interaction of Mediterranean seafaring and maritime connections in the development of the ancient Greek city-states. Offers fascinating insights into the origins of urbanization in the ancient Mediterranean, including the Greek city-state Based on the most recent research on the ancient Mediterranean Features a novel approach to theories of civilization change - foregoing the traditional isolationists model of development in favor of a maritime based network Argues for cultural interactions set in motion by exchange and trade by sea
Category: History

Maritime Networks In The Mycenaean World

Author : Thomas F. Tartaron
ISBN : 9781107002982
Genre : Art
File Size : 35.80 MB
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In this book, Thomas F. Tartaron presents a new and original reassessment of the maritime world of the Mycenaean Greeks of the Late Bronze Age. By all accounts a seafaring people, they enjoyed maritime connections with peoples as distant as Egypt and Sicily. These long-distance relations have been celebrated and much studied; by contrast, the vibrant worlds of local maritime interaction and exploitation of the sea have been virtually ignored. Dr. Tartaron argues that local maritime networks, in the form of "coastscapes" and "small worlds," are far more representative of the true fabric of Mycenaean life. He offers a complete template of conceptual and methodological tools for recovering small worlds and the communities that inhabited them. Combining archaeological, geoarchaeological, and anthropological approaches with ancient texts and network theory, he demonstrates the application of this scheme in several case studies. This book presents new perspectives and challenges for all archaeologists with interests in maritime connectivity.
Category: Art

Berenike And The Ancient Maritime Spice Route

Author : Steven E. Sidebotham
ISBN : 9780520303386
Genre : History
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The legendary overland silk road was not the only way to reach Asia for ancient travelers from the Mediterranean. During the Roman Empire’s heyday, equally important maritime routes reached from the Egyptian Red Sea across the Indian Ocean. The ancient city of Berenike, located approximately 500 miles south of today’s Suez Canal, was a significant port among these conduits. In this book, Steven E. Sidebotham, the archaeologist who excavated Berenike, uncovers the role the city played in the regional, local, and “global” economies during the eight centuries of its existence. Sidebotham analyzes many of the artifacts, botanical and faunal remains, and hundreds of the texts he and his team found in excavations, providing a profoundly intimate glimpse of the people who lived, worked, and died in this emporium between the classical Mediterranean world and Asia.
Category: History

With Sails Whitening Every Sea

Author : Brian Rouleau
ISBN : 9780801455070
Genre : History
File Size : 52.42 MB
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Many Americans in the Early Republic era saw the seas as another field for national aggrandizement. With a merchant marine that competed against Britain for commercial supremacy and a whaling fleet that circled the globe, the United States sought a maritime empire to complement its territorial ambitions in North America. In With Sails Whitening Every Sea, Brian Rouleau argues that because of their ubiquity in foreign ports, American sailors were the principal agents of overseas foreign relations in the early republic. Their everyday encounters and more problematic interactions—barroom brawling, sexual escapades in port-city bordellos, and the performance of blackface minstrel shows—shaped how the United States was perceived overseas. Rouleau details both the mariners’ "working-class diplomacy" and the anxieties such interactions inspired among federal authorities and missionary communities, who saw the behavior of American sailors as mere debauchery. Indiscriminate violence and licentious conduct, they feared, threatened both mercantile profit margins and the nation’s reputation overseas. As Rouleau chronicles, the world’s oceans and seaport spaces soon became a battleground over the terms by which American citizens would introduce themselves to the world. But by the end of the Civil War, seamen were no longer the nation’s principal ambassadors. Hordes of wealthy tourists had replaced seafarers, and those privileged travelers moved through a world characterized by consolidated state and corporate authority. Expanding nineteenth-century America’s master narrative beyond the water’s edge, With Sails Whitening Every Sea reveals the maritime networks that bound the Early Republic to the wider world.
Category: History