Rice Biology In The Genomics Era

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Rice Biology In The Genomics Era

Author : Hiro-Yuki Hirano
ISBN : 3540742506
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 56.25 MB
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There are few more emotive, or important, crops in the world than rice – the staple food for a huge proportion of the world’s population. This volume presents the latest results of research in crop improvement as well as in molecular and cellular activities in rice. It consists of 26 chapters and is divided into the following four sections: Genome-wide and genome-based research; Signal transduction and development; Evolution and ecology; Improvement of rice.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Rice Biology In The Genomics Era

Author : Hiro-Yuki Hirano
ISBN : 3540742484
Genre : Science
File Size : 75.77 MB
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The complete sequencing of the rice genome and new molecular biological techniques have led to tremendous advances in our knowledge of rice biology. Thus rice has become an important model plant for basic and applied research. This volume presents the latest results of research in crop improvement as well as in molecular and cellular activities in rice. It consists of 26 chapters and is divided into the following four sections: Genome-wide and genome-based research; Signal transduction and development; Evolution and ecology; Improvement of rice.
Category: Science

Rice Improvement In The Genomics Era

Author : Swapan K. Datta
ISBN : 0367387131
Genre :
File Size : 69.81 MB
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Rice is probably the most important food crop in the world, feeding half its population. Rice Improvement in the Genomics Era examines the findings in the current studies of rice improvement, using the modern genomic tools available in today's agriculture to better enable food security and human welfare. This comprehensive text describes in detail the latest tools of genomics and the application of biotechnology to improve this crucial food crop that is the most important staple of developing countries. Top respected experts in rice science and genomics offer the latest in cutting-edge science and research based on genome sequencing, gene technology, and molecular biology. Rice Improvement in the Genomics Era provides a wide range of information essential to any professional concerned with food safety, security, and sustainability. This valuable source comprehensively and accurately describes rice science from the basics of modern genomics on up to the application of biotechnology. This text is extensively referenced, and includes photographs, tables, graphs, and figures to clearly present information. Topics discussed include: - rice genome sequencing project and its impact - gene expression using microarray system - haploid breeding - hybrid rice technology - Bt and disease resistance - abiotic stress tolerance - ensuring rice quality - genetically improved nutrition in rice - human milk proteins in rice grains - food safety of transgenic crops - and much more! Rice Improvement in the Genomics Era is an informative resource for educators, students, rice scientists, rice breeders, plant biotechnologists, researchers, and policymakers in agricultural sciences, rice improvement, and biotechnology. This source is a crucial addition to agricultural institutions, libraries, and teaching organizations.
Category:

Protecting Rice Grains In The Post Genomic Era

Author : Yulin Jia
ISBN : 9781789843873
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 87.73 MB
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This book focuses on recent advances in genetic resources, host - pathogen interactions, assay methods, mechanisms of pathogenesis, and disease resistance. Environmentally benign crop protection methods for major rice diseases such as rice blast, sheath blight, bacterial blight, and newly emerged rice diseases such as false smut and bacterial panicle blight disease are included. The content also contains recent rice breeding methods for higher yield and improved disease resistance, rice processing, delicious rice recipes, and food safety. The book includes a comprehensive understanding of Bacillus thuringiensis toxin and its application for crop protection. Holistically, the book demonstrates successful applications of genomics, physiology, chemistry, genetics, pathology, soil science, and food technology to sustainably protect rice crops for global food safety.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Author :
ISBN : MINN:31951P01143436O
Genre : Agriculture
File Size : 86.93 MB
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Category: Agriculture

Genomics Of Tree Crops

Author : R.J. Schnell
ISBN : 9781461409205
Genre : Science
File Size : 38.42 MB
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Trees that are indispensably supportive to human life pose a formidable challenge to breed them to suit to human needs. From soft drinks to breweries to beverages to oil to tires, the value added products from trees give a spectrum of products to human kind. While attempts to tap these resources through conventional breeding are underway, the quick and elegant way of manipulating the genetic systems at the genome level is an essential chapter of modern science. Books featuring genomics of tree crops are few, and genomics is such a science that changes rapidly. Genomics of Tree Crops is an earnest attempt towards compiling genomics of tree crops. Plant genomics has made monumental strides in the last decade providing insights into intra-genomic phenomena such as heterosis, epistasis, pleiotropy and other interactions between loci and alleles within the genome. In contrast, the investigation of the roles and functions of single genes is a primary focus of molecular biology and is a common topic of modern genetic research. A genome is the sum total of all of an individual organism's genes. Thus, genomics is the study of all the genes of a cell, or tissue, at the DNA (genotype), mRNA (transcriptome), or protein (proteome) levels. The complete sequencing of the three billion base pair human genome with 25,000 genes identified and the invention of DNA microarrays ushered in a new era in the science of genomics leading to explosive advancements in oncology diagnostics. This impetus into the genomics era lead the way toward advances in plant genomics which started with Arabidopsis thaliana and went through an array of crops such as rice, maize, papaya, various cereals and legumes, with pigeon pea added to the list towards the end of 2011. Trees, on the other hand, are the least attended taxa with regard to genomic research. Some of the areas that attained attention of the scientists are: DNA sequencing, bioinformatics, genomics of flowering, gene flow, spatial structure, local adaptation and assisted migration in trees, transformation of fruit trees, genomics of tropical and temperate fruit trees, genomics of Hevea rubber, genomics of papaya and genomics of palms. Genomics of Tree Crops compiles this information with chapters authored by experts on these crops.
Category: Science

Applied Plant Genomics And Biotechnology

Author : Palmiro Poltronieri
ISBN : 9780081000717
Genre : Science
File Size : 56.4 MB
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Applied plant genomics and biotechnology reviews the recent advancements in the post-genomic era, discussing how different varieties respond to abiotic and biotic stresses, investigating epigenetic modifications and epigenetic memory through analysis of DNA methylation states, applicative uses of RNA silencing and RNA interference in plant physiology and in experimental transgenics, and plants modified to produce high-value pharmaceutical proteins. The book provides an overview of research advances in application of RNA silencing and RNA interference, through Virus-based transient gene expression systems, Virus induced gene complementation (VIGC), Virus induced gene silencing (Sir VIGS, Mr VIGS) Virus-based microRNA silencing (VbMS) and Virus-based RNA mobility assays (VRMA); RNA based vaccines and expression of virus proteins or RNA, and virus-like particles in plants, the potential of virus vaccines and therapeutics, and exploring plants as factories for useful products and pharmaceuticals are topics wholly deepened. The book reviews and discuss Plant Functional Genomic studies discussing the technologies supporting the genetic improvement of plants and the production of plant varieties more resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses. Several important crops are analysed providing a glimpse on the most up-to-date methods and topics of investigation. The book presents a review on current state of GMO, the cisgenesis-derived plants and novel plant products devoid of transgene elements, discuss their regulation and the production of desired traits such as resistance to viruses and disease also in fruit trees and wood trees with long vegetative periods. Several chapters cover aspects of plant physiology related to plant improvement: cytokinin metabolism and hormone signaling pathways are discussed in barley; PARP-domain proteins involved in Stress-Induced Morphogenetic Response, regulation of NAD signaling and ROS dependent synthesis of anthocyanins. Apple allergen isoforms and the various content in different varieties are discussed and approaches to reduce their presence. Euphorbiaceae, castor bean, cassava and Jathropa are discussed at genomic structure, their diseases and viruses, and methods of transformation. Rice genomics and agricultural traits are discussed, and biotechnology for engineering and improve rice varieties. Mango topics are presented with an overview of molecular methods for variety differentiation, and aspects of fruit improvement by traditional and biotechnology methods. Oilseed rape is presented, discussing the genetic diversity, quality traits, genetic maps, genomic selection and comparative genomics for improvement of varieties. Tomato studies are presented, with an overview on the knowledge of the regulatory networks involved in flowering, methods applied to study the tomato genome-wide DNA methylation, its regulation by small RNAs, microRNA-dependent control of transcription factors expression, the development and ripening processes in tomato, genomic studies and fruit modelling to establish fleshy fruit traits of interest; the gene reprogramming during fruit ripening, and the ethylene dependent and independent DNA methylation changes. provides an overview on the ongoing projects and activities in the field of applied biotechnology includes examples of different crops and applications to be exploited reviews and discusses Plant Functional Genomic studies and the future developments in the field explores the new technologies supporting the genetic improvement of plants
Category: Science

Plant Biotechnology Progress In Genomic Era

Author : S. M. Paul Khurana
ISBN : 9789811384998
Genre : Science
File Size : 54.3 MB
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Refinement in sequencing technologies and potential of genomic research resulted in meteoric growth of biological information such as sequences of DNA, RNA and protein requiring databases for efficient storage, management and retrieval of the biological information. Also, computational algorithms for analysis of these colossal data became a vital aspect of biological sciences. The work aims to show the process of turning bioscience innovation into companies and products, covering the basic science, the translation of science into technology. Due to rapid developments, there seems to be no basic difference between the pharmaceutical industry and the biotechnological industry. However, approved products in the pipeline and renewed public confidence make it one of the most promising areas of economic growth in the near future. India offers a huge market for the products as well as cheap manufacturing base for export. The book is a sincere work of compilation of new and recent advances in the topic of concern through various innovative researches and scientific opinion therefrom. The book is dedicated to the readers who will definitely find it interesting and knowledgeable in carrying out their respective researches in different aspects of applied microbiology and biotechnology.
Category: Science

Gene Annotation In Rice Genome Using Homology

Author : Pavitra Athakitkarnka
ISBN : OCLC:862943529
Genre :
File Size : 78.92 MB
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In the functional genomics era, systems-level analysis of genomic and proteomic data quickens the pace of gene-function discovery. I created a program and collected cross-referenced database for the rice genome. This program utilizes sequence similarity as a way to annotate all genes with the gene ontology (GO) terms and performs a functional analysis on genes in rice, an economically important crop with limited functional analysis tools. For demonstration purpose, application of the tool to one gene list created from cytokinin oxidase/ dehydrogenase activity reveals two GO terms that suggest the relevance for cytokinin associated terms as cytokinins was used to generate the gene list. To my knowledge, while there are tools available on the web to interpret the biological function of a gene list, none are set up for use with rice protein sequences. My program overcomes this limitation by permitting the functional analysis of rice amino acid sequences. The example gene list and code are available to reproduce the results.
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Maydica

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123087509
Genre : Corn
File Size : 55.57 MB
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Journal devoted to maize and allied species.
Category: Corn

Bioinformatics In The Post Genomic Era

Author : Jeffrey Augen
ISBN : STANFORD:36105114316099
Genre : Medical
File Size : 75.28 MB
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A comprehensive treatment of the role of bioinformatics in the emerging world of molecular medicine, for anyone involved in this new field
Category: Medical

Molecular Biology Of Rice

Author : Ko Shimamoto
ISBN : STANFORD:36105021954214
Genre : Science
File Size : 25.46 MB
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The threat of a food shortage in the 21st century has provided a powerful stimulus for research in the molecular biology of rice, which sustains more than half the world's population. Collaborative work by researchers in Asia, Europe, and North America has brought advances in genome analysis, regulation of gene expression, and transformation and improvement of Oryza sativa. With four major sections, Molecular Biology of Rice is an essential resource for all researchers working on the molecular biology of plants.
Category: Science

Science Culture

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015078449991
Genre : India
File Size : 78.12 MB
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Category: India

Handbook Of Molecular And Cellular Methods In Biology And Medicine Second Edition

Author : Leland J. Cseke
ISBN : 0849308151
Genre : Science
File Size : 83.36 MB
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Since the publication of the best-selling Handbook of Molecular and Cellular Methods in Biology and Medicine, the field of biology has experienced several milestones. Genome sequencing of higher eukaryotes has progressed at an unprecedented speed. Starting with baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae), organisms sequenced now include human (Homo sapiens), model crucifer (Arabidopsis thaliana), and rice (Oryza sativa). The invention of DNA microarray technology and advances in bioinformatics have generated vast amounts of genomic data. Reflecting these revolutionary advances Handbook of Molecular and Cellular Methods in Biology and Medicine, Second Edition documents conventional and modern approaches to tackle scientific research in the post-genomics era. Maintaining the step-by-step format that popularized the first edition, each chapter provides the principles behind the featured method, a detailed description of each protocol, applications of the protocol to different systems, and references for further study. Handbook of Molecular and Cellular Methods in Biology and Medicine, Second Edition now includes: New protocols in all chapters, including alternative protocols In vitro transcription methods Analysis of DNA sequences New bioseparation techniques New chapters covering: mRNA differential display Inhibition of gene expression In situ hybridization (Localization of gene expression) Combinatorial techniques Computational data mining methods applied to combinatorial chemistry libraries With this book at hand, researchers, teachers, and students can understand and utilize the major techniques and methods currently employed in cellular and molecular biology.
Category: Science

Agrindex

Author :
ISBN : CORNELL:31924063048379
Genre : Agriculture
File Size : 69.80 MB
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Category: Agriculture

Protein Phosphatases And Stress Management In Plants

Author : Girdhar K. Pandey
ISBN : 3030487326
Genre : Science
File Size : 83.58 MB
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The regulation of the phosphorylation/dephosphorylation process, resulting in “cellular switches” that monitor normal plant physiology, growth and development, has immense potential in crop systems. With much of the information in the nascent stages, coming largely from Arabidopsis and rice particularly, the use of cell biology, genetic screens, biochemical approaches aided by an omics approach should help unravel the detail functional information available about signaling pathways in plants. The regulation could be exploited to develop crop varieties better equipped to handle changing environments and enhance agricultural productivity. In the post-genomic era, one of the major challenges is investigation and understanding of multiple genes and gene families regulating a particular physiological and developmental aspect of plant life cycle. One of the important physiological processes is regulation of stress response, which leads to adaptation or adjustment in response to adverse stimuli. With the holistic understanding of the signaling pathways involving phosphatases, one gene family or multiple genes or gene families, plant biologist can lay a foundation for designing and generating future crops, which can withstand the higher degree of environmental stresses. Especially abiotic stresses, which are the major cause of crop loss throughout the world without losing crop yield and productivity. This book incorporates the contributions from leading plant biologists in the field of stress-mediated dephosphorylation by phosphatases as an important task to elucidate the aspects of stress signaling by functional genomic approaches.
Category: Science