Mechanics And Meaning In Architecture

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Mechanics And Meaning In Architecture

Author : Lance LaVine
ISBN : 0816634769
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 78.98 MB
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In Mechanics and Meaning in Architecture, Lance LaVine shows that in architecture, as practiced and taught today, the technological aspect of the profession -- how weight is distributed, how heat flow is regulated, and how light is permitted to enter -- has been ceded to engineers and other technical specialists. And in doing so, he argues, architects have lost sight of one of architecture's most important purposes, that of providing a literal and figurative window onto the world. As a technology of habitation, architecture should give people both a practical and a metaphorical understanding of their relationship with nature. For LaVine, this knowledge emanates from a sensual understanding of the natural world as a "felt force". At its most basic level, architecture demands an understanding of and response to the natural forces of gravity, climate, and sunlight. At the center of Mechanics and Meaning in Architecture are case studies of four very different houses: a Finnish log farmhouse from the nineteenth century; Charles Moore's house in Orinda, California; Tadao Ando's Wall House in Japan; and Le Corbusier's Villa Savoye near Paris. Through his imaginative readings of structures, LaVine highlights how the architects involved have used the oldest and most fundamental architectural technologies -- walls, floors, ceilings, columns, beams, and windows -- in ways that offer creative responses to the natural world and humanity's place in it. Clearly, architects are comfortable with the practical and aesthetic components of their profession. With this book, Lance LaVine encourages them also to understand what makes their use of technology unique and essential, and to reclaim the naturalworld for meaningful interpretation in their design of buildings.
Category: Architecture

Time Space And Material

Author : Anne-Catrin Schultz
ISBN : 3936681880
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 62.43 MB
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This book examines the application of the principle of layering in architecture, its mechanics, possible application and meaning. Layering is widely used in the discussions of the 20th and 21st centuries architecture but rarely defined or examined. Layering bridges the tectonics of structure and skin, offers a system for the creation of different architectural spaces over time and functions as a design principle without hierarchy. Three types of layering are identified: a chronological sedimentation of planes materializing changes over time (temporal layering), the additive sequence of spaces (spatial layering), and the stratification of individual planes (material layering). Like a palimpsest, historic cities frequently reveal temporal layering and aspects of change over time, a condition familiar to archaeologists who study layer upon layer of remnants of civilisation, including architectural remains and urban organization. In historic cities, one can read at least the most recent layers to determine a physical chronology of the city's history; contemporary architects add strata of the 21st century. Cities are composed of several layers, offering a complex understanding of time in which a view of the present includes also the perception of the past. At a building scale, layers can be part of the spatial composition, multiple elements of walls, the skin, the structure or decorative and narrative elements. Just as the position and order of geological strata contain information related to their age, formation, and origin, the position and form of architectural layers come with information about their function, intellectual scope, and provenance. The possible elements of such an architectural strategy include materials, light, water, and color as well as associations, memories, and analogies embedded in the layers or in the voids between them. Material layering is based on a perceived separation of spatial enclosures into floor, wall, and ceiling or roof elements and combinations thereof. Individual elements may consist of multiple planes fulfilling a series of specific functions. The architectural enclosure can represent the physical wrapper of a building and might transport the structures narrative, tectonic information, cultural expression, the architects design intent, and other topics that might be embedded.
Category: Architecture

The Architecture Of Science

Author : Peter Galison
ISBN : 9780262071901
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 71.73 MB
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How do the spaces in which science is done shape the identity of the scientist andthe self-conception of scientific fields? How do the sciences structure the identity of thearchitect and the practice of architecture in a specific period? And how does the design of spacessuch as laboratories, hospitals, and museums affect how the public perceives and interacts with theworld of science? The Architecture of Science offers a dazzling set of speculations on these issuesby historians of science, architecture, and art; architectural theorists; and sociologists as wellas practicing scientists and architects. The essays are organized into six sections: "Of Secrecy andOpenness: Science and Architecture in Early Modern Europe"; "Displaying and Concealing Technics inthe Nineteenth Century"; "Modern Space"; "Is Architecture Science?"; "Princeton after Modernism: TheLewis Thomas Laboratory for Molecular Biology"; and "Centers, Cities, and Colliders."
Category: Architecture

An Introduction To The History Of Structural Mechanics

Author : Edoardo Benvenuto
ISBN : 0387971874
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 68.44 MB
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This book is one of the finest I have ever read. To write a foreword for· it is an honor, difficult to accept. Everyone knows that architects and master masons, long before there were mathematical theories, erected structures of astonishing originality, strength, and beauty. Many of these still stand. Were it not for our now acid atmosphere, we could expect them to stand for centuries more. We admire early architects' visible success in the distribution and balance of thrusts, and we presume that master masons had rules, perhaps held secret, that enabled them to turn architects' bold designs into reality. Everyone knows that rational theories of strength and elasticity, created centuries later, were influenced by the wondrous buildings that men of the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries saw daily. Theorists know that when, at last, theories began to appear, architects distrusted them, partly because they often disregarded details of importance in actual construction, partly because nobody but a mathematician could understand the aim and func tion of a mathematical theory designed to represent an aspect of nature. This book is the first to show how statics, strength of materials, and elasticity grew alongside existing architecture with its millenial traditions, its host of successes, its ever-renewing styles, and its numerous problems of maintenance and repair. In connection with studies toward repair of the dome of St. Peter's by Poleni in 1743, on p.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Mechanics Magazine

Author : John I Knight
ISBN : ONB:+Z25453320X
Genre :
File Size : 55.66 MB
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Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015036265232
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 89.90 MB
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Category: Architecture

The Architecture Of Matter

Author : Stephen Toulmin
ISBN : IND:39000003888190
Genre : Matter
File Size : 35.92 MB
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“A coherent general account of the whole field we have called “matter-theory” (i.e. the physics, chemistry and physiology of material things, both inanimate and animate) as it has evolved since the very beginnings of science.” – Authors’ foreword.
Category: Matter

Drawing As A Means To Architecture

Author : William Kirby Lockard
ISBN : 9781560522232
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 52.62 MB
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This book views drawing as an inseparable part of the design process - not as an end in itself, but as an important means to architecture. This insistence on the relationship between architectural drawing and architecture transcends the usual emphasis on tools and mechanics, concentrating instead on the advantages and limitations drawing offers an architectural designer. A comprehensive workbook for practicing architects and architectural students, the book clearly describes and demonstrates the various ways architectural projects can be conceived, refined and communicated graphically. Full size drawings and tissue overlays are used to illustrate the use of drawing in the design process, and to explore the relationship of drawing to architectural design. The author makes a strong case for drawing as an intellectually developed ability rather than a natural gift, and his own well-defined views on the process, use, and technique of drawing lend the book a special authority as a workbook/guide to the development and intelligent use of architectural drawing.
Category: Architecture