Lake Michigans Aircraft Carriers

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Lake Michigan S Aircraft Carriers

Author : Paul M. Somers
ISBN : 0738532088
Genre : History
File Size : 63.70 MB
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Lake Michigan's Aircraft Carriers is the story of the USS Wolverine and the USS Sable, two Great Lakes excursion ships converted for use as aircraft carrier training during World War II. Through the duration of the war, the United States Navy qualified 17,800 pilots for aircraft carrier operation. Training the pilots on either the Atlantic or the Pacific Ocean would have exposed the training ships to the danger of submarine attack, while requiring the escort of fighting ships that were needed elsewhere. It would also have involved arming and armoring the ships used for training. Commander R.F. Whitehead came up with an idea that solved all of these problems. He suggested doing the training on the protected waters of the Great Lakes. The USS Wolverine and the USS Sable were chosen and thus became the only fresh water, paddle-wheeled, coal-fired aircraft carriers in the history of the world. Author Paul M. Somers shares his collection of vintage photos and a lifetime of research to detail the history of these two great vessels-from their life as cruise ships to their contributions to the war effort and then to their eventual scrapping.
Category: History

From Luxury Liners To Aircraft Carriers Uss Wolverine And Uss Sable

Author : Sydney Swierenga
ISBN : OCLC:1164146271
Genre :
File Size : 80.15 MB
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This thesis details the complex conversions of two Great Lakes passenger ships into flattop aircraft carriers in 1942 and 1943, and the subsequent training of thousands of pilots aboard the carriers. The entire US naval fleet in 1942 consisted of eight carriers-all of which were desperately needed to fight the Axis powers on the open oceans. To save time and materials, the Navy elected to convert existing ships rather than build new carriers. Lake carriers did not need massive hulls, armaments, elevators and cabins below deck for plane storage and personnel, but they did need realistic carrier operating conditions. The Great Lakes, especially Lake Michigan, offered wind and wave conditions resembling those found on the open oceans. Navy Pier, in Chicago, provided ideal docking, because it was close to Glenview Naval Air base by air and to Glenview's satellite airfields where the planes were fielded, and pilots were bunked and fed. Hence, the carriers, Navy Pier, and Glenview had a symbiotic relationship; they each needed the other to allow the group to achieve its fullest potential. In 1942, the Navy requisitioned two of the largest passenger ships on the Lakes, SS Seeandbee and SS Greater Buffalo. American Shipbuilding Company retrofitted the two ships at their firm's docks at Cleveland and Buffalo. SS Seeandbee's conversion into USS Wolverine was completed in four months, but retrofitting SS Greater Buffalo into USS Sable took five months longer because the Navy decided to experiment with steel, instead of wood, decking.
Category:

Historic Illinois

Author :
ISBN : WISC:89114731805
Genre : Illinois
File Size : 28.5 MB
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Category: Illinois

Aircraft Carriers

Author : Norman Polmar
ISBN : 9781597973441
Genre : History
File Size : 66.6 MB
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Aircraft Carriers is the definitive history of world aircraft carrier development and operations. Norman Polmar’s revised and updated, two-volume classic describes the political and technological factors that influenced aircraft carrier design and construction, meticulously records their operations, and explains their impact on modern warfare. Volume I provides a comprehensive analysis of carrier developments and warfare in the first half of the twentieth century, and examines the advances that allowed the carrier to replace the battleship as the dominant naval weapons system. Polmar gives particular emphasis to carrier operations from World War I, through the Japanese strikes against China in the 1930s, to World War II in the Atlantic, Mediterranean, Arctic, and Pacific theaters. It begins with French inventor Clément Ader’s remarkably prescient 1909 description of an aircraft carrier. The book then explains how Britain led the world in the development of aircraft-carrying ships, soon to be followed by the United States and Japan. While ship-based aircraft operations in World War I had limited impact, they foreshadowed the aircraft carriers built in the 1920s and 1930s. The volume also describes the aircraft operating from those ships as well as the commanders who pioneered carrier aviation. Aircraft Carriers has benefited from the technical collaboration of senior carrier experts Captain Eric M. Brown and General Minoru Genda as well as noted historians Robert M. Langdon and Peter B. Mersky. Aircraft Carriers is heavily illustrated with more than 400 photographs—some never before published—and maps. Volume II, which is forthcoming from Potomac Books in the winter 2006-2007 (ISBN 978-1-57488-665-8), will cover the period 1946 to the present.
Category: History

Inland Seas

Author :
ISBN : UVA:X004001541
Genre : Great Lakes
File Size : 60.84 MB
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Category: Great Lakes

U S Aircraft Carriers 1939 45

Author : Ingo Bauernfeind
ISBN : 9781612009353
Genre : History
File Size : 84.55 MB
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A comprehensive account of the development of American aircraft carriers up to and during World War II. This extensively illustrated volume tells the dramatic yet successful story of US aircraft carriers in World War II by class, ranging from early pre-war designs to escort carriers built from destroyer hulls, to the gigantic fleet carriers serving as the predecessors of modern-day super carriers. Besides covering the famous great carrier battles in the Pacific, this book also tells of the equally important actions of US flat tops hunting and destroying German U-boats in the Atlantic, making an enormous contribution to the elimination of the U-boat dangers and the safe arrival of transatlantic supplies, so desperately needed for the launch of D-Day. Including profiles and explanatory text boxes, the concise text gives a clear overview of each ship’s career, its fate and its significance in American naval history. Moreover, the reader learns about the technical evolution of US carriers throughout the war, and the various aircraft launched from these magnificent vessels to engage their Japanese or German foes. This volume provides an overview of preserved World War II flat tops serving as floating museums for future generations as well as a dive to the sunken USS Saratoga at Bikini Atoll.
Category: History

Naval History

Author :
ISBN : WISC:89082516675
Genre : Naval history
File Size : 44.62 MB
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Category: Naval history

Approach

Author :
ISBN : MINN:30000010494445
Genre : Aeronautics
File Size : 90.92 MB
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The naval aviation safety review.
Category: Aeronautics

Ladies Of The Lakes Ii

Author : James Clary
ISBN : 1878005464
Genre : Great Lakes (North America)
File Size : 86.90 MB
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Category: Great Lakes (North America)

Drifting Back

Author : Trevor Scott
ISBN : 9781627934121
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 74.40 MB
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Freelance journalist Sig Conrad is shot in the head while elk hunting in the Oregon mountains. He survives but now his memory only lasts one day. A second man, Sig's old high school friend, is killed while swimming in Minnesota, the incident made to look like an accident. When Sig travels from Oregon to Minnesota for his class reunion, he finally starts to remember fleeting moments from his painful past. After another friend dies mysteriously, Sig's memory drifts back more vividly. Through the help of a former classmate and girlfriend, Sig starts to uncover a grand conspiracy of murder and political corruption. Clues lead to a fourth man who is running for the Oregon governorship—a man whom Sig had been writing about before he was shot. Will Sig recall everything before the killer finishes the job?
Category: Fiction

Sperryscope

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015018395288
Genre :
File Size : 58.13 MB
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Michigan In World War Ii

Author : Daniel W. Mason
ISBN : 9781467147330
Genre : History
File Size : 26.65 MB
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Detroit's role as the Arsenal of Democracy during World War II is well known, but the war effort in Michigan extended to all corners of the state. Schoolchildren showed their patriotism by raising money for war bonds to buy planes, tanks and jeeps. The locks in Sault Ste. Marie were considered a potential target of a German attack and were guarded accordingly. A spy ring in Detroit mobilized an unsuccessful attempt to help an escaped German POW flee the continent. A top-secret navy project, undisclosed until the 1990s, set aircraft carriers afloat on the Great Lakes. Compiling more than 180 images, including many never before seen, author Dan Mason unfolds the stories of Michigander grit and courage overseas and at home.
Category: History

Herald

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015071500154
Genre :
File Size : 29.61 MB
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Category:

All Hands

Author :
ISBN : UCAL:C2582588
Genre :
File Size : 80.79 MB
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Category:

World War Ii Sites In The United States

Author : Richard E. Osborne
ISBN : WISC:89058467150
Genre : History
File Size : 58.54 MB
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This is two books in one; a directory listing the descriptions of hundreds of WW II Sites in the United States and a tour guide on how to find and visit them. Listed are army camps - air fields - naval air stations - naval bases - Marine Corps bases - warships on display - enemy aircraft and submarine attack sites on American territory - Japanese bombing balloon attack and recovery sites - coastal defenses - military hospitals - prisoner of war camps - internment camps for enemy aliens - relocation camps of ethnic Japanese - birth places and homes of prominent WW II personalities - atomic bomb sites - spy landing sites and sabotage targets - arsenals - ordnance plants - shipyards - military depots... and MUCH MORE...
Category: History

Lakeland Boating

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015048090776
Genre : Boats and boating
File Size : 21.12 MB
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Category: Boats and boating

Aircraft Carriers

Author : Virginia Loh-Hagan
ISBN : 9781684445073
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 71.40 MB
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Read Along or Enhanced eBook: The 21st Century Junior Library Extraordinary Engineering series explains how important feats of engineering are accomplished. Aircraft Carriers examines the engineering concepts that make these incredible floating cities possible. Sidebars encourage readers to engage in the material by asking deeper questions or conducting individual research. An activity, full color photos, a glossary, and a listing of additional resources all enhance the learning experience.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction