Infinite Syntax

Download Infinite Syntax ebook PDF or Read Online books in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to Infinite Syntax book pdf for free now.

Infinite Syntax

Author : John Robert Ross
ISBN : UOM:39015010748476
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 30.23 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 718
Read : 439

This book is a study in universal grammar. It attempts to find a set of constraints which limits the applicability of syntactic transformations of two types; rules called chopping rules, which reorder some part of sentence, and rules of influence. The major theoretical notion that is developed is that of islands; autonomous domains of the tree structures that underlie sentences. While the book is primarily an investigation within the subfields of generative syntax, it should also be of interest to cognitive scientists, philosophers of language, and social scientists.
Category: Psychology

Syntax

Author : Robert Freidin
ISBN : 9780521844277
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 75.46 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 447
Read : 728

A systematic introduction to core topics in syntax, focusing on how the basic concepts apply in the analysis of sentences.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Syntax And Semantics Of Prepositions

Author : Patrick Saint-Dizier
ISBN : 9781402038730
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 21.10 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 642
Read : 364

This is the first book to provide an integrated view of preposition from morphology to reasoning, via syntax and semantics. It offers new insights in applied and formal linguistics, and cognitive science. It underlines the importance of prepositions in a number of computational linguistics applications, such as information retrieval and machine translation. The book presents a wide range of views and applications to various linguistic frameworks.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Type Logical Syntax

Author : Yusuke Kubota
ISBN : 9780262539746
Genre : Categorial grammar
File Size : 30.47 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 743
Read : 1276

"In this book, Yusuke Kubota and Robert Levine propose a type-logical version of categorial grammar as a viable alternative model of natural language syntax and semantics. They show that this novel logic-based framework is applicable to a range of phenomena--especially in the domains of coordination and ellipsis--that have proven problematic for traditional approaches."--
Category: Categorial grammar

Biological Foundations And Origin Of Syntax

Author : Derek Bickerton
ISBN : 9780262013567
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 32.35 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 681
Read : 399

Interdisciplinary perspectives on the evolutionary and biological roots of syntax, describing current research on syntax in fields ranging from linguistics to neurology. Syntax is arguably the most human-specific aspect of language. Despite the proto-linguistic capacities of some animals, syntax appears to be the last major evolutionary transition in humans that has some genetic basis. Yet what are the elements to a scenario that can explain such a transition? In this book, experts from linguistics, neurology and neurobiology, cognitive psychology, ecology and evolutionary biology, and computer modeling address this question. Unlike most previous work on the evolution of language, Biological Foundations and Origin of Syntax follows through on a growing consensus among researchers that language can be profitably separated into a number of related and interacting but largely autonomous functions, each of which may have a distinguishable evolutionary history and neurological base. The contributors argue that syntax is such a function.The book describes the current state of research on syntax in different fields, with special emphasis on areas in which the findings of particular disciplines might shed light on problems faced by other disciplines. It defines areas where consensus has been established with regard to the nature, infrastructure, and evolution of the syntax of natural languages; summarizes and evaluates contrasting approaches in areas that remain controversial; and suggests lines for future research to resolve at least some of these disputed issues. Contributors Andrea Baronchelli, Derek Bickerton, Dorothy V. M. Bishop, Denis Bouchard, Robert Boyd, Jens Brauer, Ted Briscoe, David Caplan, Nick Chater, Morten H. Christiansen, Terrence W.Deacon, Francesco d'Errico, Anna Fedor, Julia Fischer, Angela D. Friederici, Tom Givón, Thomas Griffiths, Balázs Gulyás, Peter Hagoort, Austin Hilliard, James R. Hurford, Péter Ittzés, Gerhard Jäger, Herbert Jäger, Edith Kaan, Simon Kirby, Natalia L. Komarova, Tatjana Nazir, Frederick Newmeyer, Kazuo Okanoya, Csaba Plèh, Peter J. Richerson, Luigi Rizzi, Wolf Singer, Mark Steedman, Luc Steels, Szabolcs Számadó, Eörs Szathmáry, Maggie Tallerman, Jochen Triesch, Stephanie Ann White
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

An Introduction To Syntax

Author : Edith A. Moravcsik
ISBN : 0826489451
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 70.90 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 579
Read : 1306

Presents the basic goals and tools of syntactic analysis. This book's framework is theory-neutral, presenting a scientific introduction to the field and to synchronic description. It examines variation and change, syntactic typology, language acquisition, and possible explanations from structural, evolutionary and functional perspectives.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Syntax

Author : Robert D. van Valin
ISBN : 0521499151
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 31.33 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 660
Read : 612

An introduction to syntactic theory and analysis.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Syntax Of Nonsententials

Author : Ljiljana Progovac
ISBN : 9789027233578
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 45.1 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 651
Read : 158

This volume brings the data that many in formal linguistics have dismissed as peripheral straight into the core of syntactic theory. By bringing together experts from syntax, semantics, pragmatics, philosophy of language, language acquisition, aphasia, and pidgin and creole studies, the volume makes a multidisciplinary case for the existence of nonsententials, which are analyzed in various chapters as root phrases and small clauses (Me; Me First!; Him worry?!; Class in session), and whose distinguishing property is the absence of Tense, and, with it, any syntactic phenomena that rely on Tense, including structural Nominative Case. Arguably, the lack of Tense specification is also responsible for the dearth of indicative interpretations among nonsententials, as well as for their heavy reliance on pragmatic context. So pervasive is nonsentential speech across all groups, including normal adult speech, that a case can be made that continuity of grammar lies in nonsentential, rather than sentential speech.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Minimalist Syntax

Author : Andrew Radford
ISBN : 052154274X
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 25.14 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 715
Read : 892

Publisher Description
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Semantic Syntax

Author : Pieter Seuren
ISBN : 9789004354296
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 20.99 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 576
Read : 514

This book is the first and so far only formally precise machinery converting well-motivated semantic sentence representations into actual sentences of English, French, German and Dutch. It focuses on the auxiliary and complementation systems of the languages concerned.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

English Syntax

Author : Andrew Radford
ISBN : 0521542758
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 48.33 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 863
Read : 828

This textbook--an abridged version of Radford's Minimalist Syntax and the Syntax of English--provides a concise and accessible introduction to current syntactic theory, drawing on the key concepts of Chomsky's Minimalist Programme. Assuming little or no prior grammatical knowledge, it takes students through a range of topics in English syntax, beginning at an elementary level and progressing in stages towards more advanced material. There is an extensive glossary, and each chapter contains a workbook section with 'helpful hints', exercises and model answers, suitable for both class discussion and self-study.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Diagnosing Syntax

Author : Lisa Lai-Shen Cheng
ISBN : 9780191624261
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 26.53 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 599
Read : 569

Diagnosis is an essential part of scientific research. It refers to the process of identifying a phenomenon, property, or condition on the basis of certain signs and by the use of various diagnostic procedures. This book is the first ever to consider the use of diagnostics in syntactic research and focuses on the five core domains of natural language syntax - ellipsis, agreement, anaphora, phrasal movement, and head movement. Each empirical domain is considered in turn from the perspectives of syntax, syntax at the interfaces, neuropsycholinguistics, and language diversity. Drawing on the expertise of 20 leading scholars and their empirically rich data, the book presents current thoughts on, and practical answers to, the question: What are the diagnostic signs, techniques and procedures that can be used to analyse natural language syntax? It will interest linguists, including formalists, typologists, psycholinguists and neurolinguists.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Zero Syntax

Author : David Michael Pesetsky
ISBN : 0262661004
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 64.79 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 331
Read : 673

The analysis and theory developed in Zero Syntax is an important contribution to the understanding of Universal Grammar. The overriding theme is the notion that the availability and syntactic positioning of arguments is not a matter of chance but arises from laws governing the structure of lexical entries and from laws governing syntactic structures themselves. Along the way, Zero Syntax also examines issues of broad significance to current theoretical linguistic research in syntax and lexical semantics. Zero Syntax develops two main topics: a simple view of syntactic linking regularities that it defends in the domain of Experiencer predicates (predicates such as annoy), and a theory of syntactic constituency that involves two parallel modes of structural organization (one of which is the Cascade syntax). The theme that ties these issues together is the supposition that phonologically null (zero) morphology is present in structure, detectable through its syntactic and morphological consequences. The arguments inZero Syntax will be relevant to debates about such issues as empty elements in syntax and morphology, whether syntactic structures should be binary branching, the structure of double-object constructions, and whether verbs have multiple meanings related by lexical rules or abstract/general meanings that are ambiguated in particular constructions. Current Studies in Linguistics No. 27
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Romance Interrogative Syntax

Author : Caterina Bonan
ISBN : 9789027260123
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 24.11 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 183
Read : 770

This monograph offers an innovative understanding of the mechanisms involved in Romance ‘optional’ wh-in situ. New supporting evidence in favour of Cable’s (2010) Grammar of Q is presented, as well as novel implementations of his original theory. In particular, it is claimed that wh-in situ idioms are characterised not only by language-specific choices between Q-projection and Q-adjunction, and between overt and covert movement of Q, but also in terms of the locus where they check the features relevant to wh-questions: while some languages check both [q] and [focus] in C, others make use of the clause-internal vP-periphery to check [focus]. Thanks to the vast amount of data presented and discussed, along with the predictions and theoretical contributions made, this monograph will be of interest to a wide range of specialists in human language, from typologists to Romance specialists and formal syntacticians, but also to the many experts in languages with overt Q-particles who wonder why Romance specialists have long been so resistant to the implementation of silent Q-particles in their theoretical models.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Syntax Of Dutch

Author : Hans Broekhuis
ISBN : 9789048542895
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 62.87 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 619
Read : 456

The multi-volume work Syntax of Dutch presents a synthesis of current thinking on Dutch syntax. The text of the seven already available volumes was written between 1995 and 2015 and issued in print between 2012 and 2016. The various volumes are primarily concerned with the description of the Dutch language and, only where this is relevant, with linguistic theory. They will be an indispensable resource for researchers and advanced students of languages and linguistics interested in the Dutch language. This volume is the final one of the series and addresses issues relating to coordination. It contains three chapters. Chapter 1 discusses the syntactic and semantic properties of coordinate structures and their constituting elements, that is, the coordinators and the coordinands they link. Chapter 2 discusses the types of ellipsis known as conjunction reduction and gapping found in coordinate structures. Chapter 3 discusses elements seemingly exhibiting coordination-like properties, such as dan 'than' in comparative constructions like Jan is groter dan zij 'Jan is taller than she'.
Category: Foreign Language Study

Non Transformational Syntax

Author : Robert Borsley
ISBN : 9781444395020
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 62.23 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 386
Read : 1100

This authoritative introduction explores the four main non-transformational syntactic frameworks: Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar, Lexical-Functional Grammar, Categorial Grammar, and Simpler Syntax. It also considers a range of issues that arise in connection with these approaches, including questions about processing and acquisition. An authoritative introduction to the main alternatives to transformational grammar Includes introductions to three long-established non-transformational syntactic frameworks: Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar, Lexical-Functional Grammar, and Categorial Grammar, along with the recently developed Simpler Syntax Brings together linguists who have developed and shaped these theories to illustrate the central properties of these frameworks and how they handle some of the main phenomena of syntax Discusses a range of issues that arise in connection with non-transformational approaches, including processing and acquisition
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Semantics Of Syntax

Author : Denis Bouchard
ISBN : 0226067335
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 29.15 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 993
Read : 770

During the last thirty years, most linguists and philosophers have assumed that meaning can be represented symbolically and that the mental processing of language involves the manipulation of symbols. Scholars have assembled strong evidence that there must be linguistic representations at several abstract levels—phonological, syntactic, and semantic—and that those representations are related by a describable system of rules. Because meaning is so complex, linguists often posit an equally complex relationship between semantic and other levels of grammar. The Semantics of Syntax is an elegant and powerful analysis of the relationship between syntax and semantics. Noting that meaning is underdetermined by form even in simple cases, Denis Bouchard argues that it is impossible to build knowledge of the world into grammar and still have a describable grammar. He thus proposes simple semantic representations and simple rules to relate linguistic levels. Focusing on a class of French verbs, Bouchard shows how multiple senses can be accounted for by the assumption of a single abstract core meaning along with background information about how objects behave in the world. He demonstrates that this move simplifies the syntax at no cost to the descriptive power of the semantics. In two important final chapters, he examines the consequences of his approach for standard syntactic theories.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Contrastive Studies In Morphology And Syntax

Author : Michalis Georgiafentis
ISBN : 9781350079205
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 38.39 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 975
Read : 702

Using different theoretical approaches and frameworks, this book addresses a broad range of themes in contrastive linguistics, including inflection, derivation and compounding, tense, wh-questions, post-verbal subjects, focus and clitics, among others. Comparing English, German, Greek, Romance, Slavic and South Pacific languages, the book highlights the significance of the contrastive perspective for language-specific description and general interface issues, casting light on contrasts between languages at the levels of morphology and syntax. In this respect, it makes a valuable contribution to our understanding of language typology and language universals.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Comparative Syntax And Language Acquisition

Author : Luigi Rizzi
ISBN : 9781134608263
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 67.58 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 456
Read : 1210

In this collection of essays, the author addresses the central issues in syntax theory, comparative syntax and the theoretically conscious study of language acquisition. Key topics are explored, including the properties of null elements and the theory of parameters. Some of the essays presented here have been highly influential in their field, while others are published for the first time.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Edge Based Clausal Syntax

Author : Paul M. Postal
ISBN : 9780262295055
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 45.9 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 186
Read : 510

An argument that there are three kinds of English grammatical objects, each with different syntactic properties. In Edge-Based Clausal Syntax, Paul Postal rejects the notion that an English phrase of the form [V + DP] invariably involves a grammatical relation properly characterized as a direct object. He argues instead that at least three distinct relations occur in such a structure. The different syntactic properties of these three kinds of objects are shown by how they behave in passives, middles, -able forms, tough movement, wh-movement, Heavy NP Shift, Ride Node Raising, re-prefixation, and many other tests. This proposal renders Postal's position sharply different from that of Chomsky, who defined a direct object structurally as [NP, VP], and with the traditional linguistics text's definition of the direct object as the DP sister of V. According to Postal's framework, sentence structures are complex graph structures built on nodes (vertices) and edges (arcs). The node that heads a particular edge represents a constituent that bears the grammatical relation named by the edge label to its tail node. This approach allows two DPs that have very different grammatical properties to occupy what looks like identical structural positions. The contrasting behaviors of direct objects, which at first seem anomalous—even grammatically chaotic—emerge in Postal's account as nonanomalous, as symptoms of hitherto ungrasped structural regularity.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines