Handbook Of Bioenergy Crop Plants

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Handbook Of Bioenergy Crop Plants

Author : Chittaranjan Kole
ISBN : 9781439816844
Genre : Science
File Size : 45.9 MB
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As the world’s population is projected to reach 10 billion or more by 2100, devastating fossil fuel shortages loom in the future unless more renewable alternatives to energy are developed. Bioenergy, in the form of cellulosic biomass, starch, sugar, and oils from crop plants, has emerged as one of the cheaper, cleaner, and environmentally sustainable alternatives to traditional forms of energy. Handbook of Bioenergy Crop Plants brings together the work of a panel of global experts who survey the possibilities and challenges involved in biofuel production in the twenty-first century. Section One explores the genetic improvement of bioenergy crops, ecological issues and biodiversity, feedstock logistics and enzymatic cell wall degradation to produce biofuels, and process technologies of liquid transportation fuels production. It also reviews international standards for fuel quality, unique issues of biofuel-powered engines, life-cycle environmental impacts of biofuels compared with fossil fuels, and social concerns. Section Two examines commercialized bioenergy crops, including cassava, Jatropha, forest trees, maize, oil palm, oilseed Brassicas, sorghum, soybean, sugarcane, and switchgrass. Section Three profiles emerging crops such as Brachypodium, diesel trees, minor oilseeds, lower plants, Paulownia, shrub willow, sugarbeet, sunflower, and sweet potato. It also discusses unconventional biomass resources such as vegetable oils, organic waste, and municipal sludge. Highlighting the special requirements, major achievements, and unresolved concerns in bioenergy production from crop plants, the book is destined to lead to future discoveries related to the use of plants for bioenergy production. It will assist in developing innovative ways of ameliorating energy problems on the horizon.
Category: Science

Handbook Of Bioenergy Crops

Author : N. El Bassam
ISBN : 9781136543630
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 48.72 MB
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Biomass currently accounts for about fifteen per cent of global primary energy consumption and is playing an increasingly important role in the face of climate change, energy and food security concerns. Handbook of Bioenergy Crops is a unique reference and guide, with extensive coverage of more than eighty of the main bioenergy crop species. For each it gives a brief description, outlines the ecological requirements, methods of propagation, crop management, rotation and production, harvesting, handling and storage, processing and utilization, then finishes with selected references. This is accompanied by detailed guides to biomass accumulation, harvesting, transportation and storage, as well as conversion technologies for biofuels and an examination of the environmental impact and economic and social dimensions, including prospects for renewable energy. This is an indispensable resource for all those involved in biomass production, utilization and research.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Handbook Of Plant And Crop Stress

Author : Mohammad Pessarakli
ISBN : UOM:39015038874650
Genre : Gardening
File Size : 36.75 MB
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Soil salinity and sodicity problems; Plants, crops, and stressful condiyions. Plant and crop response to salt, water, and other envirommental stress conditions; Molecular bilogy and microbiological aspects of plant responses under salt, water, and other envirommental stress conditions. Empirical investigations of specific plants and crops grown under saline, drought, and other environmental stress conditions; Future promise: plants and crops for cultivation under stressful conditions; Irrigating crops with low-quality water; Benefical aspects of stress.
Category: Gardening

Industrial Crops

Author : Von Mark V. Cruz
ISBN : 9781493914470
Genre : Science
File Size : 51.94 MB
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The volume on Industrial Crop Breeding will be part of the series, Handbook of Plant Breeding. This volume will focus on the emerging area of plant breeding for sustainable production of transportation fuels and bio based products using the current advances in the field. The book is scheduled to consist of a total number of 30 chapters divided into four sections. The sections will emphasize crops being considered for different challenge areas including oil crops for biodiesel; sugar, starch and cellulosic crops for biofuel; crops for bio products and issues and future prospects. A chapter introducing the first three sections will also be included. Outstanding scientists for each crop species are proposed as senior authors, who may invite co-authors to contribute part of a chapter to provide additional expertise or perspective. The proposed authors will represent various national and international institutions to get a more diverse view on the topic and somehow get a global view on the common issues that researchers on industrial crops are facing. The book will comprise primarily of specific issues, available germplasm, breeding techniques, and potential geographical areas of production pertaining to individual crops being considered for industrial uses. We hope to encourage the proposed authors of new crops to provide an estimate of the crop readiness for commercial development and discuss the limitations. This book will be will be of interest and envisioned to serve as an updated reference to researchers in both academic and industrial setting, to students and teachers of plant breeding and to policy makers who are looking for alternative solutions to dependency on imported petroleum products.
Category: Science

Compendium Of Bioenergy Plants

Author : Hong Luo
ISBN : 9781466596368
Genre : Science
File Size : 31.12 MB
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This book contains the most comprehensive reviews on the latest development of switchgrass research including the agronomy of the plant, the use of endophytes and mycorrhizae for biomass production, genetics and breeding of bioenergy related traits, molecular genetics and molecular breeding, genomics, transgenics, processing, bioconversion, biosystem and chemical engineering, biomass production modeling, economics of switchgrass feedstock production etc. The book will be of interest and great value to the switchgrass research communities in both academia and industry and a handbook for agronomists, geneticists, breeders, molecular biologists, physiologists, biosystems engineers and chemical engineers.
Category: Science

Universities Handbook

Author :
ISBN : UIUC:30112004141591
Genre : Universities and colleges
File Size : 81.55 MB
Format : PDF
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Category: Universities and colleges

The Biogas Handbook

Author : Arthur Wellinger
ISBN : 9780857097415
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 44.45 MB
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With pressure increasing to utilise wastes and residues effectively and sustainably, the production of biogas represents one of the most important routes towards reaching national and international renewable energy targets. The biogas handbook: Science, production and applications provides a comprehensive and systematic guide to the development and deployment of biogas supply chains and technology. Following a concise overview of biogas as an energy option, part one explores biomass resources and fundamental science and engineering of biogas production, including feedstock characterisation, storage and pre-treatment, and yield optimisation. Plant design, engineering, process optimisation and digestate utilisation are the focus of part two. Topics considered include the engineering and process control of biogas plants, methane emissions in biogas production, and biogas digestate quality, utilisation and land application. Finally, part three discusses international experience and best practice in biogas utilisation. Biogas cleaning and upgrading to biomethane, biomethane use as transport fuel and the generation of heat and power from biogas for stationery applications are all discussed. The book concludes with a review of market development and biomethane certification schemes. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, The biogas handbook: Science, production and applications is a practical reference to biogas technology for process engineers, manufacturers, industrial chemists and biochemists, scientists, researchers and academics working in this field. Provides a concise overview of biogas as an energy option Explores biomass resources for production Examines plant design and engineering and process optimisation
Category: Technology & Engineering

Handbook Of Sustainability Research

Author : Walter Leal Filho
ISBN : STANFORD:36105120994871
Genre : Science
File Size : 88.95 MB
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This handbook introduces concepts, ideas and methods of sustainability research based on real examples. It is divided into four sections. One part deals with theoretical aspects of sustainability and refers to theoretical approaches to sustainability research. Another section elaborates on more practical approaches to sustainability research, offering views and perspectives from various researchers, illustrating how regulations, laws and political frameworks influence sustainability. A third part treats education for sustainability and presents research and practical projects, showcasing how sustainability research may focus in formal and non-formal education. The final section draws some conclusions based on the body of experiences and knowledge gathered by the authors. This handbook will be of great use to educators, scientists, researchers, politicians, environment activists, teachers and others interested in sustainability and in the implementation of results of sustainability research.
Category: Science

Synthetic Fuels Handbook

Author : James Speight
ISBN : 9781260128970
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 79.37 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Publisher's Note: Products purchased from Third Party sellers are not guaranteed by the publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product. A thoroughly revised all-in-one guide to synthetic and alternative energy This fully updated resource discusses the benefits and trade-offs of numerous alternative fuels and contains complete coverage of the properties, processes, and performance characteristics of each fuel. You will get detailed explanations of the concept systems and technologies involved in fuel production on both industrial and individual scales. Written by internationally renowned fuels expert Dr. James G. Speight, Synthetic Fuels Handbook: Properties, Process, and Performance, Second Edition, contains the latest data and applications for gaseous, liquid, and solid fuels from a wide range of sources. Covers fuels from: Natural gas Crude oil Heavy oil Tar sand bitumen Coal Oil shale Biomass Crops Wood Domestic waste Industrial waste Landfill gas Synthesis gas
Category: Technology & Engineering

Handbook Of Alternate Energy

Author : Dr. Prabhas Chandra Sinha
ISBN : 938009003X
Genre : Renewable energy sources
File Size : 47.67 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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This is a complete sourcebook on the subject of alternative energy. An introduction to alternative and renewable energy is provided with focus on energy development, co-processing, distributed generation, virtual power plant, country-wise electricity production from renewable sources, and related case studies. Various sources, forms and concerns of alternative energy are covered, including that of energy fuel. The capacity factor and environmental concerns with electricity generation are covered. The solar thermal energy and photovoltaic are discussed in detail. The third generation photovoltaic cell, nanoantenna, dye-sensitised solar cell and dye Sol are analysed. Solar energy technology and companies are described, with select case studies. The subject areas of hydropower and hydroelectric energy are covered with special focus on types of hydropower plants, history of hydropower development, types of hydropower turbines, mobile hydricity and run-of-the-river hydroelectricity. The advantages and disadvantages of hydropower are explained. The select national patterns in geothermal energy and power are discussed with case studies of Australia, China, Iceland, New Zealand, United Kingdom, Portugal, Turkey and the USA. An overview of bioenergy and biomass is provided giving the case studies China and New Zealand biomass programmes. An introductory overview of biofuel energy and road to sustainable biofuel is discussed. The food bioenergy crops such as jatropha curcas, Chinese tallow, hemp, maize, sorghum bicolor, soybean, stover, straw, sugarcane and sunflower are described. Similarly the non-food bioenergy crops such as miscanthus giganteus, panicum virgatum, etc are discussed. The various bioenergy technologies, such as, bioconversion of biomass to mixed alcohol fuels; biomass heating systems; biorefinery; industrial biotechnology; pellet mill; pellet stove, thermal depolymerization and cellulosic ethanol commercialisation are highlighted. The energy from wind power and wind turbines are covered with highlights on wind farms, wind generators, wind turbines, laddermills, vertical axis wind turbines, darrieus wind turbines, quiet revolution wind turbines, windstar turbines, savonius wind turbines, turby wind turbines, floating wind turbines and unconventional wind turbines. The regional and national potentials of global wind power are outlined with case studies of Asia, the European Union, the United Kingdom, the United States, Turkey, Sweden, Spain, Romania, Portugal, Pakistan, Gharo, New Zealand, India, Morocco, Italy, the Republic of Ireland, Iran, Greece, Germany, France, Finland, Estonia, Denmark, China, Canada, Brazil, Austria, and Australia. An overview of systems related to ocean and marine energy are covered. The ocean wave energy and power are discussed with case study of Autonomous Powerbuoy tidal energy and power resources are analysed with focus on methods of converting tidal energy into electricity. The case studies of India, Garorim Bay, Kislaya Guba, Rance, Sagen and Severn Barrage are made. Also, the ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) is discussed in detail. Similarly, the ocean salinity gradient energy is described with case studies of Blue Energy Canada Inc. and the Davis HydroTurbine. The ocean current energy and other ocean energy and power sources are also covered in brief, such as, offshore wind energy; deep-water-supported mariculture; offshore solar energy; and deep sea mineral extraction. This handbook also makes an effort towards creating an understanding of the significance of energy efficiency program and impact evaluation w.r.t alternative energy. Attempts are made towards gross and net energy and demand savings calculations; avoided air emissions calculation and impact evaluation planning; other evaluation types and renewables and combined heat and power project measurement and verification systems. The handbook is user-friendly and future research oriented.
Category: Renewable energy sources

The Biomass Assessment Handbook

Author : Frank Rosillo-Calle
ISBN : 9781136554902
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 72.36 MB
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The increasing importance of biomass as a renewable energy source has lead to an acute need for reliable and detailed information on its assessment, consumption and supply. Responding to this need, and overcoming the lack of standardized measurement and accounting procedures, this handbook provides the reader with the skills to understand the biomass resource base, the tools to assess the resource, and explores the pros and cons of exploitation. Topics covered include assessment methods for woody and herbaceous biomass, biomass supply and consumption, remote sensing techniques as well as vital policy issues. International case studies, ranging from techniques for measuring tree volume to transporting biomass, help to illustrate step-by-step methods and are based on field work experience. Technical appendices offer a glossary of terms, energy units and other valuable resource data.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Handbook Of Processes And Modeling In The Soil Plant System

Author : D. Benbi
ISBN : MINN:31951D02264468R
Genre : Science
File Size : 44.53 MB
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Learn to create and use simulation models—the most reliable and cost-effective tools for predicting real-world results! The Handbook of Processes and Modeling in the Soil-Plant System is the first book to present a holistic view of the processes within the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum. Unlike other publications, which tend to be more specialized, this book covers nearly all of the processes in the soil-plant system, including the fundamental processes of soil formation, degradation, and the dynamics of water and matter. It also illustrates how simulation modeling can be used to understand and forecast multiple interactions among various processes and predict their environmental impact. This unique volume assembles information that until now was scattered among journals, bulletins, reports, and symposia proceedings to present models that simulate almost all of the processes occurring in the soil-plant system and explores the results that these models are capable of producing. With chapters authored by experts with years of research and teaching experience, the Handbook of Processes and Modeling in the Soil-Plant System examines: physical, chemical, and biological soil processes the soil formation and weathering process and its modeling the impact of radioactive fallout on the soil-plant system soil degradation processes and ways to control them water and matter dynamics in the soil-plant system growth and development of crops at various levels of production the potentials and limitations of using simulation models Students, educators, and professionals alike will find the Handbook of Processes and Modeling in the Soil-Plant System an invaluable reference on the soil-plant-atmosphere system and an ideal tool to help develop an effective decision support system.
Category: Science

Biomass

Author : Sugimoto Tomoko
ISBN : MINN:31951D03582234L
Genre : Biomass
File Size : 55.99 MB
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Category: Biomass

Gudie To U S Government Publications 2009

Author : Donna Batten
ISBN : 1414407386
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 85.68 MB
Format : PDF
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This comprehensive yet concise annual annotated reference source catalogs the important series, periodicals and reference tools published by U.S. government agencies. Over the years, the index section of the Guide to U.S. Government Publications has expanded to more than 40,000 entries. Agencies and titles are indexed, followed by a keyword title index for quick and easy referencing. No other single resource provides historical and current information on U.S. government publications in one place.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines