Gandhi 1914 1948

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Gandhi

Author : Ramachandra Guha
ISBN : 0307474798
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 45.75 MB
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"The second and concluding volume of Ramachandra Guha's magisterial biography that offers the definitive portrait of the life and work of one of the most abidingly influential--and controversial--men in world history. This book opens in July 1914, as Mohandas Gandhi leaves South Africa to return to India. Over the next three decades, Gandhi's daily life would be given over to the epic struggle to deliver India from British rule, to forge harmonious relations between India's Hindus and Muslims, to end the pernicious practice of untouchability, and to nurture India's economic and moral self-reliance. Guha's illuminating narrative follows Gandhi as he works his way into the hierarchy of the nationalist movement, emerging as early as 1919 as its leader ... as he organizes local and issue-specific campaigns that would lead to the spectacular movement of non-cooperation that spread across the country between 1920 and 1922 (only to be called off by Gandhi himself when a group of his followers burned a police station to the ground) ... as he spearheads the "Independence Pledge" among his colleagues in the Congress ... as he makes the extraordinary three-week-long Salt March, which would force the British, finally, to meet face-to-face with the "half-naked fakir," as Churchill (in)famously called him. In each of these campaigns, Gandhi develops novel methods of nonviolence--strikes, marches, fasts--to successfully challenge not only British authority but the religious orthodoxy and social customs that had afflicted his country for centuries. In reconstructing Gandhi's life and work, Guha has drawn on sixty different archival collections, the most significant a previously unavailable collection of papers belonging to Gandhi himself. He creates a luminous portrait not only of the Mahatma but of those closest to him, among them: the political leaders Vallabhbhai Patel and Jawaharlal Nehru; Mahadev Desai, his indispensable secretary and confidant; Charles E Andrews, the Christian priest who acted as intermediary between Gandhi and officials of the Raj; Gandhi's great rivals, the Muslim leader M.A. Jinnah and the brilliant Columbia-educated leader of the "Untouchables," B.R. Ambedkar; Gandhi's wife, Kasturba; and their son Devadas. Guha reconstructs the attitudes of the successive British viceroys of India in their dealings with Gandhi; shows how the Second World War provided impetus for the Quit India movement, which the author argues was Gandhi's last desperate effort to see the end before he died; and examines how Gandhi's opposition to the partition would be the catalyst for sectarian violence when the British granted independence on 15 August 1947. We see his extraordinary walk through riot-torn villages in that year; his fast that succeeded in stopping religious violence in Calcutta; the worldwide outpouring of grief after his assassination in January 1948. This biography is a revelation of the complexity of Gandhi's thinking, his motives, his actions and their outcomes as he engaged with every important aspect of social and public life in the India of his time--and as his influence, and the challenge and controversy of his legacy, continue unabated."--Jacket.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

Gandhi 1914 1948

Author : Ramachandra Guha
ISBN : 9780141946344
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 83.99 MB
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'A vivid, absorbing read' Sunday Times 'Magisterial' Literary Review The magnificent new biography of Gandhi by India's leading historian A New York Times Notable Book of 2018 Gandhi lived one of the great 20th-century lives. He inspired and enraged, challenged and galvanized many millions of men and women around the world. He lived almost entirely in the shadow of the British Raj, which for much of his life seemed a permanent fact, but which he did more than anyone else to destroy, using revolutionary tactics. In a world defined by violence on a scale never imagined before and by ferocious Fascist and Communist dictatorship, he was armed with nothing more than his arguments and example. This magnificent book tells the story of Gandhi's life, from his departure from South Africa to his assassination in 1948. It is a book with a Tolstoyan sweep, both allowing us to see Gandhi as he was understood by his contemporaries and the vast, varied Indian societies and landscapes which he travelled through and changed beyond measure. Drawing on many new sources and animated by its author's wonderful sense of drama and politics, Gandhi is a major reappraisal of the crucial years in this titanic figure's story.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

Gandhi

Author : Ramachandra Guha
ISBN : 0141044233
Genre :
File Size : 73.79 MB
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Gandhi lived one of the great 20th century lives. He inspired and enraged, challenged and delighted many million men and women around the world. He lived almost entirely in the shadow of the British Raj, which for much of his life seemed a permanent fact, but which he did more than anyone else to destroy, using revolutionary and inspirational tactics. In a world defined by violence on a scale never imagined before and by ferocious Fascist and Communist dictatorship, he was armed with nothing more than his arguments and example. This magnificent book tells the story of Gandhi's life, from his departure from South Africa to his assassination in 1948. It is a book with a Tolstoyan sweep, both allowing us to see Gandhi as he was understood by his contemporaries and the vast, unbelievably varied Indian societies and landscapes which he travelled through and changed beyond measure.
Category:

Revolution And Non Violence In Tolstoy Gandhi And Mandela

Author : Imraan Coovadia
ISBN : 9780198863694
Genre :
File Size : 68.1 MB
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The dangers of political violence and the possibilities of non-violence were the central themes of three lives which changed the twentieth century - Leo Tolstoy, writer and aristocrat who turned against his class, Mohandas Gandhi who corresponded with Tolstoy and considered him the mostimportant person of the time, and Nelson Mandela, prisoner and statesman, who read War and Peace on Robben Island and who, despite having led a campaign of sabotage, saw himself as a successor to Gandhi.Tolstoy, Gandhi, and Mandela tried to create transformed societies to replace the dying forms of colony and empire. They found the inequalities of Russia, India, and South Africa intolerable yet they questioned the wisdom of seizing the power of the state, creating new kinds of politicalorganisation and imagination to replace the old promises of revolution. Their views, along with their ways of leading others, are closely connected, from their insistence on working with their own hands and reforming their individual selves to their acceptance of death. On three continents, in acentury of mass mobilization and conflict, they promoted strains of nationalism devoid of antagonism, prepared to take part in a general peace.Looking at Tolstoy, Gandhi, and Mandela in sequence, taking into account their letters and conversations as well as the institutions they created or subverted, placing at the centre their treatment of the primal fantasy of political violence, this volume reveals a vital radical tradition whichstands outside the conventional categories of twentieth-century history and politics.
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Traveling India In The Age Of Gandhi

Author : Jeffrey N. Dupée
ISBN : 0761839496
Genre : History
File Size : 30.43 MB
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Traveling India in the Age of Gandhi is a study of "armchair" travel writers who journeyed to India during what has often been termed the "Age of Gandhi," placed between 1914-1948. Most of the travel writers surveyed understood this era to be a unique time in world history-in India and elsewhere on the globe. The lingering trauma of World War I, the rise of radical state ideologies in Russia, Italy, Japan, and Germany, world-wide depression in the 1930s along with a host of other unsettling political, cultural, and technological realities revealed a world of bewildering complexity and uncertainty. For many of the travel writers surveyed in this work, India was the main drama in a shifting global landscape. Moreover, many viewed it as the ultimate travel experience, a journey that tested one's capacity to fully engage the earth's most compelling forms of human diversity and suffering. Although a few notable figures are included, most of the authors in the study constitute a breed of largely forgotten travel writers. This work is an attempt to extract the core of their observations, impressions, and conclusions concerning what they saw and experienced, particularly concerning Indian aspirations for independence and India as the world's most exotic human landscape.
Category: History

Gandhi And Modern Indian Liberals

Author : Himanshu Bourai
ISBN : STANFORD:36105118012306
Genre : Liberalism
File Size : 80.53 MB
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This study is an endeavour to enquire into the nature and efficacy of liberal primacies and the extent to which Gandhi imbibed them. Gandhi does not emerge as a liberal in the parlance of well stirred ideaological congruence. And yet he remains the most outstanding exponent and activist of the liberal spiirt. He built upon this foundation, as innovative superstructure. It is not always possible to expect an activist of the national movement to scrupulously adhere a specific ideology. Gandhi renovated the liberal thinking and sought to transform the idiom and primacies of Philosophy of nationalism and creative protest.
Category: Liberalism

Renegades

Author : Ramachandra Guha
ISBN : 110187483X
Genre : History
File Size : 65.61 MB
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From the acclaimed author of India After Gandhi: a group biography of seven remarkable men and women arrived in India during the late 19th and early 20th centuries in order to join the freedom movement and struggle for a country and people other than their own. In Renegades, Ramachandra Guha gives us a vivid and little-known account of these seven foreigners who devoted themselves to the Indian freedom movement, understanding they would likely face prison for their actions, and possibly die for the cause. He shows us that what they were able to accomplish before and after their jail terms was pioneering work in a variety of fields. Annie Besant promoted the emancipation of women; B.G. Horniman published one of the most out-spoken, provocative newspapers in India; Samuel Stokes, an American Quaker, helped abolish forced labor; Mira Behn wrote pioneering environmental tracts; Philip Spratt fought for the rights of workers; R.R. Keithahn's found a rural university as well as a charitable hospital; Sarala Behn established a pioneering girls' school. Each renegade left a profound impact on the part of India in which they worked and their legacies have continued through the institutions they founded and the generations and individuals they inspired.
Category: History

Gandhi

Author : Kathleen Kudlinski
ISBN : 9781442460843
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 88.39 MB
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A childhood biography of the great political and social leader. Mohandas K. Gandhi (1869-1948) studied law in England, then spent 20 years defending the rights of immigrants in South Africa. In 1914 he returned to India and became the leader of the Indian National Congress. Gandhi urged non-violence and civil disobedience as a means to independence from Great Britain, with public acts of defiance that landed him in jail several times. In 1947 he participated in the postwar negotiations that led to Indian independence. He was shot to death by a Hindu fanatic in 1948. This childhood biography highlights the events that informed Gandhi's indomitable spirit.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Self Restraint Vs Self Indulgence

Author : M. K. Gandhi
ISBN :
Genre :
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"Self restraint vs self indulgence" by Mahatma Gandhi is a collection of articles on various aspects of the topic.Gandhi advocated complete continence in thought,speech and action as the means for attaining spiritual perfection.
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Gandhi

Author : Brenda Clarke
ISBN : 0863079261
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 86.81 MB
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A childhood biography of the Indian nationalist leader who followed a doctrine of nonviolent civil disobedience.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction