Computational Biology Of Non Coding Rna

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Computational Biology Of Non Coding Rna

Author : Xin Lai
ISBN : 1493989812
Genre : Science
File Size : 63.59 MB
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This volume details a collection of state-of-art methods including identification of novel ncRNAs and their targets, functional annotation and disease association in different biological contexts. Chapters guide readers through an overview of disease-specific ncRNAs, computational methods and workflows for ncRNA discovery, annotation based on high-throughput sequencing data, bioinformatics tools and databases for ncRNA analyses, network-based methods, and kinetic modelling of ncRNA-mediated gene regulation. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Computational Biology of Non-Coding RNA: Methods and Protocols aims to provide a state-of-the-art collection of computational methods and approaches that will be of value to researchers interested in ncRNA field.
Category: Science

Computational Non Coding Rna Biology

Author : Yun Zheng
ISBN : 9780128143667
Genre : Science
File Size : 25.35 MB
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Computational Non-coding RNA Biology is a resource for the computation of non-coding RNAs. The book covers computational methods for the identification and quantification of non-coding RNAs, including miRNAs, tasiRNAs, phasiRNAs, lariat originated circRNAs and back-spliced circRNAs, the identification of miRNA/siRNA targets, and the identification of mutations and editing sites in miRNAs. The book introduces basic ideas of computational methods, along with their detailed computational steps, a critical component in the development of high throughput sequencing technologies for identifying different classes of non-coding RNAs and predicting the possible functions of these molecules. Finding, quantifying, and visualizing non-coding RNAs from high throughput sequencing datasets at high volume is complex. Therefore, it is usually possible for biologists to complete all of the necessary steps for analysis. Presents a comprehensive resource of computational methods for the identification and quantification of non-coding RNAs Introduces 23 practical computational pipelines for various topics of non-coding RNAs Provides a guide to assist biologists and other researchers dealing with complex datasets Introduces basic computational methods and provides guidelines for their replication by researchers Offers a solution to researchers approaching large and complex sequencing datasets
Category: Science

Advances In Bioinformatics And Computational Biology

Author : Ronnie Alves
ISBN : 9783030017224
Genre : Computers
File Size : 62.95 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 11th Brazilian Symposium on Bioinformatics, BSB 2018, held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in October/November 2018. The 13 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 26 submissions. The papers cover all aspects of bioinformatics and computational biology.
Category: Computers

Non Coding Rnas In Complex Diseases

Author : Xia Li
ISBN : 9789811307195
Genre : Science
File Size : 44.48 MB
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This book offers an in-depth and comprehensive review on current understanding of regulatory ncRNAs in complex diseases from a view of bioinformatics. It conveys state-of-the-art bioinformatics tools and methods for ncRNAs from computational detection, functional prediction, to their roles in diseases. Computational methods used to investigate uncharacterised ncRNAs in diseases are mainly summarized in seven aspects: DNA variation of ncRNAs in diseases, prioritization of disease-related ncRNAs, dysregulation epigenetic factors that regulate ncRNA misexpression (DNA methylation and histone-modification), complex crosstalk across ncRNAs, ncRNAs acted as competing regulators to mediate the expression of protein-coding genes, non-coding RNAs mediated risk pathways,and their contributions to drug target predictions. The generally used data resources of ncRNAs are also listed in the end. This book provides important information on the current progress in the fast-moving fields of bioinformatics for regulatory ncRNAs. It provides a timely and useful reference for computational biologists, specifically with RNA interests, and other related areas. Prof. Xia Li is a Professor and the Dean of College of Bioinformatics Science and Technology, Harbin Medical University, China. Dr. Yun Xiao, Dr. Juan Xu, Dr. Shangwei Ning and Dr. Yunpeng Zhang are from College of Bioinformatics Science and Technology, Harbin Medical University, China.
Category: Science

Computational Biology And Bioinformatics

Author : Ka-Chun Wong
ISBN : 9781498725002
Genre : Science
File Size : 47.24 MB
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The advances in biotechnology such as the next generation sequencing technologies are occurring at breathtaking speed. Advances and breakthroughs give competitive advantages to those who are prepared. However, the driving force behind the positive competition is not only limited to the technological advancement, but also to the companion data analytical skills and computational methods which are collectively called computational biology and bioinformatics. Without them, the biotechnology-output data by itself is raw and perhaps meaningless. To raise such awareness, we have collected the state-of-the-art research works in computational biology and bioinformatics with a thematic focus on gene regulation in this book. This book is designed to be self-contained and comprehensive, targeting senior undergraduates and junior graduate students in the related disciplines such as bioinformatics, computational biology, biostatistics, genome science, computer science, applied data mining, applied machine learning, life science, biomedical science, and genetics. In addition, we believe that this book will serve as a useful reference for both bioinformaticians and computational biologists in the post-genomic era.
Category: Science

Cancer And Noncoding Rnas

Author : Jayprokas Chakrabarti
ISBN : 9780128134375
Genre : Medical
File Size : 64.88 MB
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Cancer and Noncoding RNAs offers an in-depth exploration of noncoding RNAs and their role in epigenetic regulation of complex human disease, most notably cancer. In addition to examining microRNAs, this volume provides a unique evaluation of more recently profiled noncoding RNAs now implicated in carcinogenesis, including lncRNAs, piRNAs, circRNAs, and tRNAs, identifying differences in function between these noncoding RNAs and how they interact with the rest of the epigenome. A broad range of chapters from experts in the field detail epigenetic regulation of various cancer types, along with recent next generation sequencing technologies, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and bioinformatics approaches. This book will help researchers in genomic medicine and cancer biology better understand the role of noncoding RNAs in epigenetics, aiding in the development of useful biomarkers for diagnosis, prognosis and new RNA-based disease therapies. Provides a comprehensive analysis of noncoding RNAs implicated in epigenetic regulation of gene expression and chromatin dynamics Educates researchers and graduate students by highlighting, in addition to miRNAs, a range of noncoding RNAs newly associated with carcinogenesis Applies current knowledge of noncoding RNAs and epigenomics towards developing cancer and RNA-based disease therapies Features contributions by leading experts in the field
Category: Medical

Systems Biology

Author : Isidore Rigoutsos
ISBN : 9780195300819
Genre : Science
File Size : 61.37 MB
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The genome is seen as a network of interacting components, explored in new ways by sub-discipline specialists. Systems biology is a powerful new computational approach to studying such complex living systems, made possible through technological breakthroughs such as the human genome project, and explosive interest in genetics and molecular biology. At once groundbreaking and synthetic, each chapter in this book treats systems and related technologies as seen by world renowned, trail-blazing experts in their respective fields. It will be useful for researchers in biology, genetics, bioinformatics, molecular biology, biochemical engineering, mathematics, computer science, physics, and chemistry who, using high throughput methods, seek ways to organize vast data sets at the molecular and sub-molecular levels.
Category: Science

Encyclopedia Of Bioinformatics And Computational Biology

Author :
ISBN : 9780128114322
Genre : Medical
File Size : 81.49 MB
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Encyclopedia of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology: ABC of Bioinformatics combines elements of computer science, information technology, mathematics, statistics and biotechnology, providing the methodology and in silico solutions to mine biological data and processes. The book covers Theory, Topics and Applications, with a special focus on Integrative –omics and Systems Biology. The theoretical, methodological underpinnings of BCB, including phylogeny are covered, as are more current areas of focus, such as translational bioinformatics, cheminformatics, and environmental informatics. Finally, Applications provide guidance for commonly asked questions. This major reference work spans basic and cutting-edge methodologies authored by leaders in the field, providing an invaluable resource for students, scientists, professionals in research institutes, and a broad swath of researchers in biotechnology and the biomedical and pharmaceutical industries. Brings together information from computer science, information technology, mathematics, statistics and biotechnology Written and reviewed by leading experts in the field, providing a unique and authoritative resource Focuses on the main theoretical and methodological concepts before expanding on specific topics and applications Includes interactive images, multimedia tools and crosslinking to further resources and databases
Category: Medical

Advances In Bioinformatics And Computational Biology

Author : Katia S. Guimarães
ISBN : 9783642032233
Genre : Science
File Size : 42.69 MB
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This volume contains the papers selected for presentation at the 4th Brazilian Sym- sium on Bioinformatics, BSB 2009, which was held in Porto Alegre, Brazil, during August 29–31, 2009. The BSB symposium had its origins in the Brazilian Workshop on Bioinformatics (WOB). WOB had three editions, in 2002 (Gramado, RS), in 2003 (Macaé, RJ), and in 2004 (Brasília, DF). The change in the designation from wo- shop to symposium reflects the increase in the quality of the contributions and also in the interest of the scientific community for the meeting. The previous editions of BSB took place in São Leopoldo, RS, in 2005, in Angra dos Reis, RJ, in 2007, and in Santo André, SP, in 2008. As evidence of the internationalization of the event, BSB 2009 had 55 submissions from seven countries. Of the 55 papers submitted, 36 were full papers, with up to 12 pages each, and 19 were extended abstracts, with up to 4 pages each. The articles submitted were carefully reviewed and selected by an international Program Comm- tee, comprising three chairs and 45 members from around the world, with the help of 21 additional reviewers. The Program Committee Chairs are very thankful to the - thors of all submitted papers, and especially to the Program Committee members and the additional reviewers, who helped select the 12 full papers and the six extended abstracts that make up this book.
Category: Science

Bioinformatics And Computational Biology

Author : Sanguthevar Rajasekaran
ISBN : 9783642007262
Genre : Computers
File Size : 29.63 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First International on Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, BICoB 2007, held in New Orleans, LA, USA, in April 2007. The 30 revised full papers presented together with 10 invited lectures were carefully reviewed and selected from 72 initial submissions. The papers address current research in the area of bioinformatics and computational biology fostering the advancement of computing techniques and their application to life sciences in topics such as genome analysis sequence analysis, phylogenetics, structural bioinformatics, analysis of high-throughput biological data, genetics and population analysis, as well as systems biology.
Category: Computers

Computational Methods For Understanding Bacterial And Archaeal Genomes

Author : Ying Xu
ISBN : 9781860949838
Genre : Bacterial genomes
File Size : 53.82 MB
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Over 500 prokaryotic genomes have been sequenced to date, and thousands more have been planned for the next few years. While these genomic sequence data provide unprecedented opportunities for biologists to study the world of prokaryotes, they also raise extremely challenging issues such as how to decode the rich information encoded in these genomes. This comprehensive volume includes a collection of cohesively written chapters on prokaryotic genomes, their organization and evolution, the information they encode, and the computational approaches needed to derive such information. A comparative view of bacterial and archaeal genomes, and how information is encoded differently in them, is also presented. Combining theoretical discussions and computational techniques, the book serves as a valuable introductory textbook for graduate-level microbial genomics and informatics courses.
Category: Bacterial genomes

Transactions On Computational Systems Biology X

Author : Corrado Priami
ISBN : 9783540922735
Genre : Computers
File Size : 70.49 MB
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Technology is taking us to a world where myriads of heavily networked devices interact with the physical world in multiple ways, and at many levels, from the globalInternetdowntomicroandnanodevices. Manyofthesedevicesarehighly mobile and autonomous and must adapt to the surrounding environment in a totally unsupervised way. A fundamental research challenge is the design of robust decentralized c- puting systemsthat arecapableofoperating in changing environmentsandwith noisy input, and yet exhibit the desired behavior and response time, under c- straints such as energy consumption, size, and processing power. These systems should be able to adapt and learn how to react to unforeseen scenarios as well as to display properties comparable to social entities. The observation of nature has brought us many great and unforeseen concepts. Biological systems are able to handle many of these challenges with an elegance and e?ciency far beyond currenthumanartifacts. Basedonthisobservation,bio-inspiredapproacheshave been proposed as a means of handling the complexity of such systems. The goal is to obtain methods to engineer technical systems, which are of a stability and e?ciency comparable to those found in biological entities. This Special Issue on Biological and Biologically-inspired Communication contains the best papers from the Second International Conference on Bio- Inspired Models of Network, Information, and Computing Systems (BIONET- ICS 2007). The BIONETICS conference aims to bring together researchers and scientistsfromseveraldisciplines incomputerscienceandengineeringwhereb- inspired methods are investigated, as well as from bioinformatics, to deepen the information exchange and collaboration among the di?erent communities.
Category: Computers

Long Non Coding Rnas

Author : Lin Zhang
ISBN : 107161696X
Genre : Medical
File Size : 88.62 MB
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This second edition provides a broad spectrum of methods used in long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) research, ranging from computational annotation of lncRNA genes to molecular and cellular analyses of the function of individual lncRNA. Chapters guide readers through studies used to circular RNAs, RNA splicing, and findings on lncRNA in human diseases. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Long Non-Coding RNAs: Methods and Protocols,Second Edition aims to ensure successful results in the further study of this vital field.
Category: Medical

Computational Systems Bioinformatics

Author : Peter Markstein
ISBN : 9781860947575
Genre : Bioinformatics
File Size : 59.92 MB
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This volume contains about 40 papers covering many of the latest developments in the fast-growing field of bioinformatics. The contributions span a wide range of topics, including computational genomics and genetics, protein function and computational proteomics, the transcriptome, structural bioinformatics, microarray data analysis, motif identification, biological pathways and systems, and biomedical applications. There are also abstracts from the keynote addresses and invited talks. The papers cover not only theoretical aspects of bioinformatics but also delve into the application of new methods, with input from computation, engineering and biology disciplines. This multidisciplinary approach to bioinformatics gives these proceedings a unique viewpoint of the field. Sample Chapter(s). Chapter 1: Exploring the Ocean''s Microbes: Sequencing the Seven Seas (122 KB). Contents: Exploring the Ocean''s Microbes: Sequencing the Seven Seas (M E Frazier et al.); Protein Network Comparative Genomics (T Ideker); Bioinformatics at Microsoft Research (S Mercer); Protein Fold Recognition Using Gradient Boost Algorithm (F Jiao et al.); Efficient Annotation of Non-Coding RNA Structures Including Pseudoknots via Automated Filters (C Liu et al.); Efficient Generalized Matrix Approximations for Biomarker Discovery and Visualization in Gene Expression Data (W Li et al.); Sorting Genomes by Translocations and Deletions (X Qi et al.); Detection of Cleavage Sites for HIV-1 Protease in Native Proteins (L You); Identifying Biological Pathways via Phase Decomposition and Profile Extraction (Y Zhang & Z Deng); Complexity and Scoring Function of MS/MS Peptide De Novo Sequencing (C Xu & B Ma); Simulating In Vitro Epithelial Morphogenesis in Multiple Environments (M R Grant et al.); and other papers. Readership: Research and application community in bioinformatics, systems biology, medicine, pharmacology and biotechnology. A useful reference for graduate researchers in bioinformatics and computational biology.
Category: Bioinformatics

The Chemical Biology Of Long Noncoding Rnas

Author : Stefan Jurga
ISBN : 9783030447434
Genre : Medical
File Size : 68.75 MB
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This book offers a comprehensive and detailed overview of various aspects of long non-coding RNAs. It discusses their emerging significance in molecular medicine, ranging from human cancers to cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Transcriptomic studies have demonstrated that the majority of genomes found in complex organisms are expressed in highly dynamic and cell-specific patterns, producing huge numbers of intergenic, antisense and intronic long non-protein-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). Thousands of lncRNAs have been identified, and unlike mRNA, they have no protein-coding capacity. A large repertoire of ncRNAs, actively transcribed from the mammalian genome, control diverse cellular processes, both in terms of development and diseases, through a variety of gene regulatory mechanisms. IncRNAs have emerged as a new paradigm in epigenetic regulation of the genome. Given its scope, the book will be of particular interest to molecular, chemical, cell and developmental biologists, as well as specialists in translational medicine involved in disease-oriented research. It also offers a valuable resource for in silico experts seeking a deeper understanding of lncRNA expression and function through computational analysis of the NGS data.
Category: Medical

A New Kind Of Computational Biology

Author : Parimal Pal Chaudhuri
ISBN : 9789811316395
Genre : Computers
File Size : 80.62 MB
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This book reflects more than three decades of research on Cellular Automata (CA), and nearly a decade of work on the application of CA to model biological strings, which forms the foundation of 'A New Kind of Computational Biology' pioneered by the start-up, CARLBio. After a brief introduction on Cellular Automata (CA) theory and functional biology, it reports on the modeling of basic biological strings with CA, starting with the basic nucleotides leading to codon and anti-codon CA models. It derives a more involved CA model of DNA, RNA, the entire translation process for amino acid formation and the evolution of protein to its unique structure and function. In subsequent chapters the interaction of Proteins with other bio-molecules is also modeled. The only prior knowledge assumed necessary is an undergraduate knowledge of computer programming and biology. The book adopts a hands-on, “do-it-yourself” approach to enable readers to apply the method provided to derive the CA rules and comprehend how these are related to the physical ‘rules’ observed in biology. In a single framework, the authors have presented two branches of science – Computation and Biology. Instead of rigorous molecular dynamics modeling, which the authors describe as a Bottoms-Up model, or relying on the Top-Down new age Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Language (ML) that depends on extensive availability of quality data, this book takes the best from both the Top-Down and Bottoms-up approaches and establishes how the behavior of complex molecules is represented in CA. The CA rules are derived from the basic knowledge of molecular interaction and construction observed in biological world but mapped to a few subset of known results to derive and predict results. This book is useful for students, researchers and industry practitioners who want to explore modeling and simulation of the physical world complex systems from a different perspective. It raises the inevitable the question – ‘Are life and the universe nothing but a collection of continuous systems processing information’.
Category: Computers

Distributed High Performance And Grid Computing In Computational Biology

Author : Werner Dubitzky
ISBN : 9783540699682
Genre : Science
File Size : 54.47 MB
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The book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Workshop on Distributed, High-Performance and Grid Computing in Computational Biology, GCCB 2006, held in Eilat, Israel in January 2007 in conjunction with the 5th European Conference on Computational Biology, ECCB 2006. The 13 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from many high quality submissions.
Category: Science

Advances In Bioinformatics And Computational Biology

Author : Joao Carlos Setubal
ISBN : 9783540318613
Genre : Computers
File Size : 39.16 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Brazilian Symposium on Bioinformatics, BSB 2005, held in Sao Leopoldo, Brazil in July 2005. The 15 revised full papers and 10 revised extended abstracts presented together with 3 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 55 submissions. The papers address a broad range of current topics in computational biology and bioinformatics.
Category: Computers