British Aircraft Before The Great War

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British Aircraft Before The Great War

Author : Michael H. Goodall
ISBN : 0764312073
Genre : History
File Size : 58.86 MB
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For the very first time, the history of British pre-World War I aircraft has been gathered together in one volume, with more than 900 of them well illustrated. This new book constitutes a most valuable contribution about a remarkable period in aviation history and is a memorial to the bravery and inventiveness of the intrepid pioneers of that far off era. Among the many famous manufacturer's covered are Avro, Sopwith, Shorts, and Bristol. Many lesser known designers and builders such as Martin-Handasyde and Howard Wright are also given ample coverage.
Category: History

The Great War In The Air

Author : John H. Morrow
ISBN : 9780817355456
Genre : History
File Size : 43.4 MB
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"For the general reader as well as the specialist, Morrow's history of the development and significance of airpower during WWI will be considered definitive. He compares the military, technological, and industrial aspects of the air services of the major powers--France, Germany, England, Italy, Austria-Hungary, and the United States--and reveals how, by means of superior production (particularly French engine manufacture), the Allies prevailed in the air war."--Publishers Weekly "Morrow's encyclopedic examination of aviation's part in World War I concentrates on aircraft engine and airframe production, but the emotional content of contemporary accounts rises to the surface to put a human face on the brutal use of an infant technology. . . . a serious yet readable history of this vital part of the conflict, meant for any reader."--Library Journal "A comprehensive study of the totality of the air war in its military, political, industrial, and cultural aspects distinguish this book from other treatments of military aviation during this period. . . . Morrow's efforts have yielded new insights into the evolution of military aviation and corrected previous oversights. The author's attention to developments in production and logistics, as well as events at the front, provide the most complete understanding of the development of air power and its role in the Great War."--American Historical Review
Category: History

The Royal Navy S Air Service In The Great War

Author : David Hobbs
ISBN : 9781848323506
Genre : History
File Size : 88.63 MB
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In a few short years after 1914 the Royal Navy practically invented naval air warfare, not only producing the first effective aircraft carriers, but also pioneering most of the techniques and tactics that made naval air power a reality. By 1918 the RN was so far ahead of other navies that a US Navy observer sent to study the British use of aircraft at sea concluded that any discussion of the subject must first consider their methods. Indeed, by the time the war ended the RN was training for a carrier-borne attack by torpedo-bombers on the German fleet in its bases over two decades before the first successful employment of this tactic, against the Italians at Taranto.Following two previously well-received histories of British naval aviation, David Hobbs here turns his attention to the operational and technical achievements of the Royal Naval Air Service, both at sea and ashore, from 1914 to 1918. Detailed explanations of operations, the technology that underpinned them and the people who carried them out bring into sharp focus a revolutionary period of development that changed naval warfare forever. Controversially, the RNAS was subsumed into the newly created Royal Air Force in 1918, so as the centenary of its extinction approaches, this book is a timely reminder of its true significance.
Category: History

A History Of No 10 Squadron

Author : Mike Westrop
ISBN : WISC:89082393406
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 68.19 MB
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"No.10 Squadron of England's Royal Naval Air Service was formed at St. Pol, a suburb of Dunkerque, in February 1917, as part of the rapid naval aviation expansion programme required by the Royal Naval Air Service's commitment to assist the Royal Flying Cor"
Category: Biography & Autobiography

The Great War 1914 18

Author : R J Q Adams
ISBN : IND:30000004302794
Genre : History
File Size : 75.4 MB
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The Great War is a collection of seven original essays and three critical comments by senior scholars dealing with the greatest conflict in modern history to its time - the 1914-18 World War. The Great War is edited by the distinguished historian of the First World War, R.J.Q.Adams.
Category: History

Air Raids On South West Essex In The Great War

Author : Alan Simpson
ISBN : 9781473842977
Genre : History
File Size : 70.92 MB
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A quarter of a century before the Blitz of 1940, the inhabitants of south-west Essex were terrorized by an earlier aerial menace. Over the course of four years, German Zeppelins, Gothas and Giants flew above their homes, unleashing hundreds of highly explosive and incendiary bombs on London. During three of these raids, bombs were dropped on Leyton and many others landed elsewhere in south-west Essex. These early air raids are now largely forgotten in local memory, but for the inhabitants of the time the attacks were unprecedented, unexpected and lethal.In the years since the Great War a great deal of literature has been published on London's first air raids and about the defence network that evolved around the metropolis, but what happened in the capital's eastern suburbs and the nearby Essex countryside has received less coverage. This meticulously researched and insightful book attempts to put that right, looking at the area which, in 1914, was part of south-west Essex, but now comprises the London boroughs of Waltham Forest, Redbridge, Havering, Newham, and Barking and Dagenham.Focussing in particular on Leyton and Ilford, this is the first book to ever examine what happened before and after the raiders reached and bombarded the capital. The author has included a wide range of contemporary letters, diaries and newspaper reports from local sources, plus several previously unseen photographs. To set the story in its wider context, the book also contains a wealth of information about the defence of the London area generally and vivid reports from combatants on both sides.
Category: History

Isle Of Sheppey In The Great War

Author : Stephen Wynn
ISBN : 9781473865297
Genre : History
File Size : 90.66 MB
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The Isle of Sheppey, although not a heavily populated area, played an extremely important part in Great Britains war effort on the home front throughout the four and a half years of the First World War. In doing so, Sheppey provided protection for the Thames Estuary, the River Medway and the naval shipyards at both Sheerness and Chatham. Its defensive emplacements largely responsible for acquiring the nickname locally of the 'Barbed Wire Island.' One of its main claims to fame in relation to the years of the First World War would have undoubtedly been in relation to aviation. The island had been a hive of activity in relation to flying since the beginning of the twentieth century, when the Royal Aero Club came to Leysdown, making it the first airfield in England. What became Eastchurch Aerodrome was where the first pilots of the Royal Naval Air Service were trained, making it the first military flying school in the country. The Short brothers also had an aircraft factory at Eastchurch where they designed and built their own aircraft, some of which would be used during the First World War. The Isle of Sheppey also boasted another aircraft factory, which was situated at Shellbeach on the east coast of the island, an emergency landing strip at Harty on the south east side of the island, and a balloon station at Sheerness. The First World War certainly saw the Isle of Sheppey rise to the occasion and add to its long and illustrious military history. The part it played went a long way in enhancing the islands reputation of having a dogged determination to do what needed to be done for the greater good in the nations time of need.
Category: History

The Birth Of The Royal Air Force In World War I

Author : Charles River Editors
ISBN : 1978248598
Genre :
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*Includes pictures *Includes contemporary accounts *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading One of the most important breakthroughs in military technology associated with World War I, and certainly the one that continues to capture the public imagination, was the use of airplanes, which were a virtual novelty a decade before. While the war quickly ground to a halt in its first few months, the skies above the Western Front became increasingly busy. The great powers had already been acquiring aircraft for potential uses, but given that aerial warfare had never been a major component of any conflict, it's understandable that few on either side had any idea what the planes were capable of doing. Furthermore, at the start of the war, all sides' aircraft were ill-equipped for combat mostly because the idea that planes might somehow fight was still a novel one, and the adaptations had not yet been developed that would allow the aerial battles later in the war. As a result, aircraft were used almost entirely for reconnaissance early on, allowing generals to gain unprecedented levels of information about enemy movements. Such intelligence allowed the French to counter German movements in what became the First Battle of the Marne, ending Germany's hopes for victory through the Schlieffen plan. Similarly, in the east, German planes were vital in tracking, encircling and destroying Russian forces at Tannenberg. Some armies, such as the French, saw air intelligence as a strategic matter, with aircraft capable mainly of identifying enemy forces before battle and contributing to advanced preparations. The Germans, on the other hand, believed that aircraft could provide tactical information once battle had commenced. Pilots such as Oswald Boelcke, Germany's first great aerial officer, would fly over enemy positions in two-seat aircraft with a spotter in the back, identifying Allied positions and using colored lights to direct the fire of artillery on the ground. Of course, spotting took on great importance because of the growing range and power of artillery. Much of the fire from the great guns was aimed indirectly since the gunners could not see their targets and thus relied on intelligence from others to direct them. Maps of enemy-held territory were often woefully inadequate to start with, and with the need to know where moving enemy formations were positioned, the business gained an added complexity, but aircraft could cut through this by providing up-to-date intelligence on enemy positions and sending it back to the gun batteries which were lobbing shells over their own front lines. The Royal Air Force (RAF), Britain's legendary air arm, was born in the skies above the First World War. The British had previously used balloons for spotting and reconnaissance for decades, and in the years leading up to the war, planes started seeing military use. They mostly provided reconnaissance, though experiments were made in using them offensively. During the Boer War of 1899-1902, the British Army used the crews of helium-filled balloons to plot and help target artillery fire. But these were small, tentative steps. The first patent to fit a machine gun to a plane, taken out in 1910, had not yet led to active fighting vehicles, and there was no doctrine, no tactics, and no combat between massed air fleets. That changed during World War I, as the skies above the Western Front became the crucible in which the preceding fragments of aerial warfare were smelted in the white hot heat of war. For the British, this meant the creation of a large and unified flying force which by 1918 would become the RAF. The Birth of the Royal Air Force in World War I: The History and Legacy of British Air Power during the Great War examines the creation and evolution of the RAF over the course of World War I.

Naval Aviation In The First World War

Author : R. D. Layman
ISBN : UOM:39015038153121
Genre : Aircraft carriers
File Size : 58.89 MB
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This well researched book gives a complete overview of the importance of naval aviation in World War I and its significant impact on operations and strategy. This has been disregarded and never before properly explained in a dedicated sense.
Category: Aircraft carriers

Enfield In The Great War

Author : Stephen Wynn
ISBN : 1473850754
Genre : History
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The Royal Small Arms Factory in Enfield was famous for producing the Lee Enfield .303 Rifle, the standard issued rifle provided to all infantry soldiers in the British Army during the course of the First World War. Indeed, the factory was so prestigious that King George V visited it in April 1915, and by the end of the war it had produced more than 2 million rifles, with some 6000 per week being produced at its peak. All of this achieved by a workforce of more than 9000. On Saturday, 7 July 1917 an air raid took place over Enfield that involved a large number of German Gotha aircraft. They were met by local anti-aircraft batteries, who did their best to thwart the Germans' attack. Sadly, the raid resulted in the death of local resident, Edith Halse, the sister-in-law of Lieutenant-Colonel Halse, who was stood in the front garden of her home, watching the German aircraft over head. She was actually killed by falling shrapnel from British anti-aircraft gun fire and became the only resident of Enfield to be killed in the town throughout the course of the war. A young boy who had been standing nearby was also stuck by some of the falling shrapnel, and had his wounds treated in hospital. The day after the incident, members of the Government Workers' Union, held a meeting in Enfield to complain about the lack of a warning about the air raid. In total contrast, July 1917 also saw a baker appear at Enfield Magistrates Court, charged under the Bread Order for selling loaves of bread that were over the permitted weight. For his heinous war time offence he was fined the princely sum of ten shillings. Enfield certainly played its part in the nation's war effort, with the guns that were produced in the town helping to play a big part in winning the war. A claim that could not be made by any other town in the country.
Category: History

Fighting The Great War At Sea

Author : Norman Friedman
ISBN : 9781848321892
Genre : History
File Size : 59.20 MB
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The overriding image of the First World War is the bloody stalemate of the Western Front, but although much of the action did occur on land, the overall shape of the war _ even the inevitability of British participation _ arose out of its maritime character. It was essentially a struggle about access to worldwide resources, most clearly seen in the desperate German attempts to deal with the American industrial threat, which ultimately levered the United States into the war, and thus a consequence of British sea control.rn This radical new book concentrates on the way in which each side tried to use or deny the sea to the other, and in so doing it describes rapid wartime changes not only in ship and weapon technology but also in the way naval warfare was envisaged and fought. Combat produced many surprises: some, like the impact of the mine and torpedo, are familiar, but this book also brings to light many previously unexplored subjects, like creative new tactical practices and improved command and control.rn The contrast between expectation and reality had enormous consequences not only for the course of the war but also for the way navies developed afterwards. This book melds strategic, technical, and tactical aspects to reveal the First World War from a fresh perspective, but also demonstrates how its perceived lessons dominated the way navies prepared for the Second.
Category: History

A Passion For Flight

Author : Errol W. Martyn
ISBN : 0473264242
Genre : Aeronautics
File Size : 27.4 MB
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"Whereas Volume Two of A Passion For Flight concentrated on civil aviation during 1910-1914, this third and final volume focuses primarily on the military aspect. Also presented for the first time is a full and long overdue account of the remarkable career of Feilding-born Joseph Joel ('Joe') Hammond, the most prominent and successful New Zealand aviator of the period but who is now largely forgotten. Hammond was the first British Colonial to obtain an aviator's certificate. He made pioneering flights in Australia, including the first military-related flights there, was an early member of the Royal Flying Corps, a flying instructor, test pilot, and a member of the British Aviation Mission to the USA in 1918. Of the New Zealand inventors who began to turn their attention to aircraft for military purposes, the most remarkable was undoubtedly electrical engineer Alban Roberts. His experiments with remote control devices for torpedoes and aeroplanes are also described, as are his two airships, one built in England and the other in Australia. A detailed account of New Zealand's prewar approach to military aviation development explains why a cautious policy was adopted and how progress was limited in large part by the government's 1909 decision to create a large territorial force and to introduce compulsory military training. Also recorded are those New Zealanders who learned to fly abroad while serving with the British or Indian armies. The depth of research undertaken for A Passion for Flight can be gauged by the fact that the complete trilogy runs to over 700 pages and includes a remarkable collection of more than 500 illustrations. Such is the extent of this hitherto largely unrecognised contribution to our aviation history"--Publisher's description.
Category: Aeronautics

Fighters Under Construction In World War Two

Author : Graham M. Simons
ISBN : 9781783469543
Genre : History
File Size : 32.42 MB
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There has been bookshelf after bookshelf of books compiled, written and published about British aircraft, the Royal Air Force and the activities of its pilots during World War Two. Tales of derring do, bravery and gallantry quite rightly litter the bookshelves and libraries, but little has appeared in print about the could be called the unsung heroes, those that designed, built and maintained the fighting equipment used to eventually defeat the enemy.This is all the more incredible when one realizes that there exists a huge archive of images that have survived which clearly show the skills and scale of what went on. These images of war—many of which are seen here for almost the first time in seventy years—form a remarkable tribute to the designers, engineers and workers who did so much.Following the end of the Great War, the Royal Air Force was drastically reduced in both manpower and equipment. The application of a 'Ten Year Rule in which the British Government foresaw no war being fought during the next ten years resulted in minimal defense expenditure throughout the 1920s.Financial restrictions went on until the early 1930s, when it at last became apparent that Germany was developing expansionist and aggressive tendencies that could no longer be ignored. The British Government and Air Ministry at last began to develop plans of their own to expand and develop the Royal Air Force. The Cabinet approved a number of plans, but a revised one often replaced each one before the original could be completed.Between 1933 and 1939, the Royal Air Force was given higher priority in terms of rearmament plans than the other services. The policy was driven by the pursuit of parity with Germany more than by defense and strike needs, for there was no fixed ratio of bombers to fighter aircraft to guide procurement.There could be no expansion without manufacturing capacity and luckily these manufacturers were not only capable of producing, but they also recorded much of their activities and remarkably a huge archive of images have survived which clearly show the skills and scale of what went on. These images of war—many of which are seen here for almost the first time in seventy years—form a remarkable tribute to the designers, engineers and workers who did so much.
Category: History

Wings In The Sun

Author : Sir David Lee
ISBN : UCAL:B4247148
Genre : Aeronautics, Military
File Size : 34.47 MB
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Det afsluttende bind om RAFs virke i de oversøiske områder efter 2. verdenskrig. Omtaler bl.a. Palæstina-felt-toget, Suez-krisen og tilbagetrækningen fra Malta.
Category: Aeronautics, Military

British Aviation

Author : Harald Penrose
ISBN : UOM:39015026301237
Genre : Aeronautics
File Size : 71.53 MB
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Beretter om flyvning og flyproduktion i England op til og under 1. verdenskrig.
Category: Aeronautics

Albatros Aces Of World War 1

Author : Norman Franks
ISBN : 1855329603
Genre : History
File Size : 84.46 MB
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The Albatros family of fighters were amongst the most effective aircraft employed by the Idlfieg (Imperial German Air Service) for much of World War 1, with the D.III and D.Va being flown by most of the 363 pilots who qualified as aces at some point in their often brief careers. The Albatros was the scourge of the RFC on the Western Front in 1916-17, with pilots of the calibre of von Richthofen, Boelke and Schleich cutting swathes through their opponents. Well over 4000 Albatros scouts were built between 1916 and 1918, and they were also extensively used by the Austro-Hungarians against Russian, Italian and British aircraft until war's end.
Category: History