Baby Markets

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Baby Markets

Author : Michele Bratcher Goodwin
ISBN : 9781139788656
Genre : Law
File Size : 44.25 MB
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Creating families can no longer be described by heterosexual reproduction in the intimacy of a couple's home and the privacy of their bedroom. To the contrary, babies can be brought into families through complex matrixes involving lawyers, coordinators, surrogates, 'brokers', donors, sellers, endocrinologists, and without any traditional forms of intimacy. In direct response to the need and desire to parent, men, women, and couples - gay and straight - have turned to viable, alternative means: baby markets. This book examines the ways in which Westerners create families through private, market processes. From homosexual couples skirting Mother Nature by going to the assisted reproductive realm and buying the sperm or ova that will complete the reproductive process, to Americans travelling abroad to acquire children in China, Korea, or Ethiopia, market dynamics influence how babies and toddlers come into Western families. Michele Goodwin and a group of contributing experts explore how financial interests, aesthetic preferences, pop culture, children's needs, race, class, sex, religion, and social customs influences the law and economics of baby markets.
Category: Law

Mapping The Markets

Author : Deborah Owen
ISBN : 1576602389
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 67.48 MB
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The global financial markets turn over billions of dollars daily. An array of different instruments is available to trade in these markets, ranging from simple stocks and shares to exotic creatures such as butterfly spreads. Participation at any level involves taking a view as to which way the market in question will move. There are essentially only two methods for analysing the future direction of the markets in equities, currencies, interest rates or commodities: one involves fundamental analysis, the other technical analysis. The two camps of investment analysts are separated by a wide gulf of distrust and suspicion. This book seeks to bridge the gap between the two disciplines and show how you can benefit from both, highlighting: • The tools you can use for mapping the markets—to understand what causes shifts in the trend and underlying forces that affect the economy and therefore the financial markets • The long-term cyclical drivers—how economic change is triggered by technological change, and the technological changes that will drive the markets in the future • Downward phases of the cycle—and the factors that cause them • The markets and sectors that will prosper in the future. As the world of investment gets ever more complicated and faster, Mapping the Markets will provide an invaluable route to improving your chances of investment success and avoiding investment distress, whether you are a long-term investor or a short-term trader.
Category: Business & Economics

Sunk Costs And Market Structure

Author : John Sutton
ISBN : 0262193051
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 87.91 MB
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Sunk Costs and Market Structure bridges the gap between the new generation of game theoretic models that has dominated the industrial organization literature recently and the traditional empirical agenda of the subject as embodied in the structure-conduct-performance paradigm developed by Joe S. Bain and his successors. Because many results turn out to depend on detailed features of the market that are difficult to measure, some observers argue that the game theory literature offers little basis for the kind of cross-industry studies that have formed the empirical base of the subject since the 1950s. Using current game-theoretic methods, John Sutton reexamines the traditional agenda. He argues that despite the "delicate" nature of many results, there are theoretical predictions that turn out to be extremely robust to reasonable changes in model specification, and these results should be taken into account when looking for statistical regularities across a broad spectrum of different industries. Sutton assembles a matrix of industry studies relating to twenty markets within the food and drink sector, in six countries—France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. He combines theory, econometric evidence, and a detailed account of the various patterns of evolution of structure found in these industries in a rigorous evaluation of the strengths and limitations of a game-theoretic approach in explaining the evolution of industrial structure.
Category: Business & Economics

Building Strategic Capabilities In Emerging Markets

Author : Alvaro Cuervo-Cazurra
ISBN : 9781108474375
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 49.27 MB
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Analyzes how emerging market firms upgrade their capabilities to compete globally despite operating in challenging home country environments.
Category: Business & Economics

Markets Without Limits

Author : Jason F. Brennan
ISBN : 9781317815624
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 79.94 MB
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May you sell your vote? May you sell your kidney? May gay men pay surrogates to bear them children? May spouses pay each other to watch the kids, do the dishes, or have sex? Should we allow the rich to genetically engineer gifted, beautiful children? Should we allow betting markets on terrorist attacks and natural disasters? Most people shudder at the thought. To put some goods and services for sale offends human dignity. If everything is commodified, then nothing is sacred. The market corrodes our character. Or so most people say. In Markets without Limits, Jason Brennan and Peter Jaworski give markets a fair hearing. The market does not introduce wrongness where there was not any previously. Thus, the authors claim, the question of what rightfully may be bought and sold has a simple answer: if you may do it for free, you may do it for money. Contrary to the conservative consensus, they claim there are no inherent limits to what can be bought and sold, but only restrictions on how we buy and sell.
Category: Philosophy

Childhood And Markets

Author : Lydia Martens
ISBN : 9781137315038
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 25.88 MB
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This book explores how young children and new families are located in the consumer world of affluent societies. The author assesses the way in which the value of infants and monetary value in markets are realized together, and examines how the meanings of childhood are enacted in the practices, narratives and materialities of contemporary markets. These meanings formulate what is important in the care of young children, creating moralities that impact not only on new parents, but also circumscribe the possibilities for monetary value creation. Three main understandings of early childhood - those of love, protection and purification - and their interrelationships are covered, and illustrated with examples including food, feeding tools, nappies, travel systems and toys. The book concludes by re-examining the relationship between adulthood and the cultural value of young children, and by discussing the implications of the ways markets address young children, also examines the realities of older children in consumer culture. Childhood and Markets will be of interest to students and scholars of sociology, childhood studies, anthropology, cultural studies, media studies, business studies and marketing.
Category: Social Science

Baby Goes To Market

Author : Atinuke
ISBN : 1536205524
Genre : Juvenile Fiction
File Size : 66.58 MB
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Join Baby and his doting mama at a bustling southwest Nigerian marketplace for a bright, bouncy read-aloud offering a gentle introduction to numbers. Market is very crowded. Mama is very busy. Baby is very curious. When Baby and Mama go to the market, Baby is so adorable that the banana seller gives him six bananas. Baby eats one and puts five in the basket, but Mama doesn't notice. As Mama and Baby wend their way through the stalls, cheeky Baby collects five oranges, four biscuits, three ears of sweet corn, two pieces of coconut . . . until Mama notices that her basket is getting very heavy! Poor Baby, she thinks, he must be very hungry by now! Rhythmic language, visual humor, and a bounty of delectable food make this a tale that is sure to whet little appetites for story time.
Category: Juvenile Fiction

Global Aging And Financial Markets

Author : Robert Stowe England
ISBN : 0892063920
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 59.47 MB
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The retirement of the baby boom generation poses a challenge to the world's financial markets. This book examines the prospect that, after 2020, pension funds will have to pay out more in benefits than employers will be contributing, and it considers the extent to which individuals will liquidate equity holdings, or switch to bond holdings, or do both to sustain their living standards. The book examines the possibility that these changes will drive down equity values and bond returns.
Category: Business & Economics

The Traffic In Babies

Author : Karen Andrea Balcom
ISBN : 9780802099181
Genre : History
File Size : 76.95 MB
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. Exploring how and why babies were moved across borders, The Traffic in Babies is a fascinating look at how social workers and other policy makers tried to find birth mothers, adopted children, and adoptive parents
Category: History

New Cannibal Markets

Author : Jean-Daniel Rainhorn
ISBN : 9782735122851
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 59.32 MB
Format : PDF
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Thanks to recent progress in biotechnology, surrogacy, transplantation of organs and tissues, blood products or stem-cell and gamete banks are now widely used throughout the world. These techniques improve the health and well-being of some human beings using products or functions that come from the body of others. Growth in demand and absence of an appropriate international legal framework have led to the development of a lucrative global trade in which victims are often people living in insecure conditions who have no other ways to survive than to rent or sell part of their body. This growing market, in which parts of the human body are bought and sold with little respect for the human person, displays a kind of dehumanization that looks like a new form of slavery. This book is the result of a collective and multidisciplinary reflection organized by a group of international researchers working in the field of medicine and social sciences. It helps better understand how the emergence of new health industries may contribute to the development of a global medical tourism. It opens new avenues for reflection on technologies that are based on appropriation of parts of the body of others for health purposes, a type of practice that can be metaphorically compared to cannibalism. Are these the fi rst steps towards a proletariat of men- and women-objects considered as a reservoir of products of human origin needed to improve the health or well-being of the better-off? The book raises the issue of the uncontrolled use of medical advances that can sometimes reach the anticipations of dystopian literature and science fiction.
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Generation Y In Consumer And Labour Markets

Author : Anders Parment
ISBN : 9781136631238
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 73.97 MB
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Generation Y in Consumer and Labour Markets explores the role of people born in the late 1970s and 1980s as consumers and coworkers in an emerging post-modernist society. Having grown up in a branded society overcrowded with commercial messages and a never-ending supply of choices and opportunities, Generation Y not only influences consumption patterns, they also bring their values to work life, thus changing the attitudes towards the employee-employer relationship and how work is being done. Generation Y particularly see work as a venue of self-realization and the boundaries between work and leisure time are becoming blurred—thus the consumer and labor markets converge in some critical dimensions. This book delves into the substantial research body on characteristics and behaviors of the Generation Y, including their relation to other generations and the role of understanding generations in developing effective and attractive organizations. It further outlines the experiences and best practice for attracting, recruiting, selling to, and communicating with Generation Y, based on the author’s experiences from hundreds of organizations where he has been involved as a consultant – offering the reader a better understanding of generations in marketing research, and the impact of generations in employee-employer relations.
Category: Business & Economics

Housing Markets And The Global Financial Crisis

Author : Ray Forrest
ISBN : 9781849805841
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 52.54 MB
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The impacts of the so-called global crisis are, in fact, highly uneven for both households and institutions. This unique book investigates why this is the case, whilst emphasizing the consequences. It encompasses the experiences of all the major economies, including: Australia, China, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Japan, New Zealand, the Netherlands, South Korea, the USA, the UK and Vietnam, highlighting and comparing a wide range of housing systems and crisis impacts. Housing Markets and the Global Financial Crisis will strongly appeal to academics and postgraduate students in social policy, urban studies, public policy, economics, sociology and human geography. In addition, anyone with a general interest in globalization, neoliberalism and the changing nature of contemporary capitalist societies, as well as those with particular interests in housing markets and housing policy, will find this book enriching and enlightening.
Category: Political Science

Making Hard Cash In A Soft Real Estate Market

Author : Wendy Patton
ISBN : 0470179686
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 75.49 MB
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"Filled with creative strategies that work in today's market. A must-read for the real estate investor!" -Albert Lowry, PhD, New York Times bestselling author of How You Can Become Financially Independent by Investing in Real Estate A few years ago, even reckless real estate investors could still make money because the market was booming. But many markets have softened, and making a profit isn't as simple as it used to be. However-with the right strategy and long-term thinking-there is still plenty of money to be made in real estate. If you're willing to look outside your local market, you'll discover emerging markets that are booming. And there are also smart investing strategies that work especially well in slowing markets. You can do it! You just need the new rules and wise tactics you'll find in this practical, profitable guide: * Invest in up-and-coming, high-growth emerging markets * Learn the powerful strategy of market-timing * Use lease options to get more for your money * Learn creative strategies to engineer hands-off investments * Find foreclosures and other hidden bargains * Invest in bargain-rate new construction projects There are great deals hiding in every real estate market, and this book makes finding those values easy. Whether you want to locate the next up-and-coming growth markets, or find creative ways to finance your investments, Making Hard Cash in a Soft Real Estate Market is a savvy guide to investing for anyone who wants to play it safe and profitably.
Category: Business & Economics

Motherhoods Markets And Consumption

Author : Stephanie O'Donohoe
ISBN : 9781136758287
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 75.99 MB
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It takes more than a baby to make a mother, and mothers make more than babies. Bringing together a range of international studies, Motherhoods, Markets and Consumption examines how marketing and consumer culture constructs particular images of what mothers are, what they should care about and how they should behave; exploring how women's use of consumer goods and services shapes how they mother as well as how they are seen and judged by others. Combining personal accounts from many mothers with different theoretical perspectives, this book explores: How advertising, media and consumer culture contribute to myths and stereotypes concerning good and bad mothers How particular consumer choices are bound up with women’s identities as mothers The role of consumption for women entering different phases of their mothering lives: such as pregnancy, early motherhood, and the "empty nest"
Category: Business & Economics

Odd Markets In Japanese History

Author : J. Mark Ramseyer
ISBN : 0521048257
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 32.64 MB
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Employing a rational-choice approach, Professor Ramseyer studies the impact of Japanese law on economic growth in Japan. Toward that end, the author investigates the way law governed various markets and the way that people negotiated contracts within those markets. For much of the period at stake, the Japanese government was an oligarchy rather than a democracy; the judges operated a civil rather than common law regime; the economy grew modestly but erratically; and social customs changed rapidly and radically. As a result, this study applies an economic logic, but to markets in a vastly different world, in a different historical period, and with a different political regime and legal system. Findings reveal that the legal system generally promoted mutually advantageous deals, and that people generally negotiated in ways that shrewdly promoted their private best interests. Whether in the markets for indentured servants, prostitutes, or marriage partners, Odd Markets in Japanese History reports little evidence of either age- or gender- related exploitation.
Category: Political Science