A Mac Layer Protocol For Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Using

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A Mac Layer Protocol For Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Using

Author : Sultan Budhwani
ISBN : OCLC:725498507
Genre :
File Size : 74.13 MB
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Using directional antenna in ad hoc networks, offer many benefits in contrast to their classical omni-directional counterparts. The most important benefits are the significant improvement in spatial reuse, reduction of the radio interference, increase in coverage range and subsequently an increase in network capacity on the whole. On the other hand, directional transmission increases the hidden terminal problem and the problem of deafness. To best utilize directional antennas, a suitable Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol must be designed. Current MAC protocols, such as the IEEE 802.11 standard for Wireless LANs, assume the omni-directional antenna at its Physical layer and thus do not fully exploit the capabilities of a directional antenna. In this thesis, we propose a MAC protocol for wireless ad hoc networks which fully exploits the potentials of directional antennas. The first part of our design studies the issues related to directional MAC protocols and we use this knowledge to carefully design the proposed MAC protocol for ad hoc networks using directional antennas. We evaluate our work through simulation studies performed on the network simulator - NS2. Numerical results obtained are promising and show that our protocol offers significant improvement in throughput when compared to the performance of traditional 802.11 MAC protocol and D-MAC which is a Directional MAC protocol for ad hoc networks.

Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks

Author : Subir Kumar Sarkar
ISBN : 9781466514461
Genre : Computers
File Size : 44.83 MB
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The military, the research community, emergency services, and industrial environments all rely on ad hoc mobile wireless networks because of their simple infrastructure and minimal central administration. Now in its second edition, Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks: Principles, Protocols, and Applications explains the concepts, mechanism, design, and performance of these highly valued systems. Following an overview of wireless network fundamentals, the book explores MAC layer, routing, multicast, and transport layer protocols for ad hoc mobile wireless networks. Next, it examines quality of service and energy management systems. Additional chapters cover mobility models for multi-hop ad hoc wireless networks as well as cross-layer design issues. Exploring Bluetooth, IrDA (Infrared Data Association), HomeRF, WiFi, WiMax, Wireless Internet, and Mobile IP, the book contains appropriate examples and problems at the end of each chapter to illustrate each concept. This second edition has been completely updated with the latest technology and includes a new chapter on recent developments in the field, including sensor networks, personal area networks (PANs), smart dress, and vehicular ad hoc networks. Self-organized, self-configured, and self-controlled, ad hoc mobile wireless networks will continue to be valued for a range of applications, as they can be set up and deployed anywhere and anytime. This volume captures the current state of the field as well as upcoming challenges awaiting researchers.
Category: Computers

Ad Hoc Networks

Author : Prasant Mohapatra
ISBN : 0387226907
Genre : Technology & Engineering
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AD HOC NETWORKS: Technologies and Protocols is a concise in-depth treatment of various constituent components of ad hoc network protocols. It reviews issues related to medium access control, scalable routing, group communications, use of directional/smart antennas, network security, and power management among other topics. The authors examine various technologies that may aid ad hoc networking including the presence of an ability to tune transmission power levels or the deployment of sophisticated smart antennae. Contributors to this volume include experts that have been active in ad hoc network research and have published in the premier conferences and journals in this subject area. AD HOC NETWORKS: Protocols and Technologies will be immensely useful as a reference work to engineers and researchers as well as to advanced level students in the areas of wireless networks, and computer networks.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Mac Layer And Routing Protocols For Wireless Ad Hoc Networks With Asymmetric Links And Performance Evaluation Studies

Author : Guoqiang Wang
ISBN : OCLC:946343994
Genre :
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In a heterogeneous mobile ad hoc network (MANET), assorted devices with different computation and communication capabilities co-exist. In this thesis, we consider the case when the nodes of a MANET have various degrees of mobility and range, and the communication links are asymmetric. Many routing protocols for ad hoc networks routinely assume that all communication links are symmetric, if node A can hear node B and node B can also hear node A. Most current MAC layer protocols are unable to exploit the asymmetric links present in a network, thus leading to an inefficient overall bandwidth utilization, or, in the worst case, to lack of connectivity. To exploit the asymmetric links, the protocols must deal with the asymmetry of the path from a source node to a destination node which affects either the delivery of the original packets, or the paths taken by acknowledgments, or both. Furthermore, the problem of hidden nodes requires a more careful analysis in the case of asymmetric links. MAC layer and routing protocols for ad hoc networks with asymmetric links require a rigorous performance analysis. Analytical models are usually unable to provide even approximate solutions to questions such as end-to-end delay, packet loss ratio, throughput, etc.

Wireless Network Performance Enhancement Via Directional Antennas Models Protocols And Systems

Author : John D. Matyjas
ISBN : 9781498707541
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 48.13 MB
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Directional antenna technologies have made significant advancements in the last decade. These advances have opened the door to many exciting new design opportunities for wireless networks to enhance quality of service (QoS), performance, and network capacity. In this book, experts from around the world present the latest research and development in wireless networks with directional antennas. Their contributed chapters provide detailed coverage of the models, algorithms, protocols, and applications of wireless networks with various types of directional antennas operating at different frequency bands. Wireless Network Performance Enhancement via Directional Antennas: Models, Protocols, and Systems identifies several interesting research problems in this important field, providing an opportunity to learn about solid solutions to these issues. It also looks at a number of practical hardware designs for the deployment of next-generation antennas, as well as efficient network protocols for exploitation of directional communications. The book is organized into six sections: Directional Antennas – covers the hardware design of different types of antennas Directional MAC – focuses on the principles of designing medium access control (MAC) protocols for directional networks Millimeter Wave – explores different design aspects of millimeter wave (mm-Wave) systems, which operate in higher-frequency bands (such as 60 GHz) MIMO – explains how to establish a multiple-input, multiple-output (MIMO) antenna system and describes how it operates in a cognitive radio network Advanced Topics – looks at additional topics such as beamforming in cognitive radio networks, multicast algorithm development, network topology management for connectivity, and sensor network lifetime issues Applications – illustrates some important applications, such as military networks and airborne networking, that benefit from directional networking designs With this book, researchers and engineers will be well-equipped to advance the research and development in this important field. If you’re new to this field, you will find this book to be a valuable reference on basic directional networking principles, engineering design, and challenges.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Mobile Computing And Wireless Networks Concepts Methodologies Tools And Applications

Author : Management Association, Information Resources
ISBN : 9781466687523
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89.96 MB
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We live in a wireless society, one where convenience and accessibility determine the efficacy of the latest electronic gadgets and mobile devices. Making the most of these technologies—and ensuring their security against potential attackers—requires increased diligence in mobile technology research and development. Mobile Computing and Wireless Networks: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications brings together a comprehensive range of voices and research in the area of mobile and wireless technologies, exploring the successes and failures, advantages and drawbacks, and benefits and limitations of the technology. With applications in a plethora of different research and topic areas, this multi-volume reference work benefits researchers, service providers, end-users, and information technology professionals. This four-volume reference work includes a diverse array of chapters and authors covering topics such as m-commerce, network ethics, mobile agent systems, mobile learning, communications infrastructure, and applications in fields such as business, healthcare, government, tourism, and more.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Wireless Ad Hoc And Sensor Networks

Author : Raja Jurdak
ISBN : 9780387390239
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 60.53 MB
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This book explores the optimization potential of cross-layer design approaches for wireless ad hoc and sensor network performance, covering both theory and practice. A theoretical section provides an overview of design issues in both strictly layered and cross-layer approaches. A practical section builds on these issues to explore three case studies of diverse ad hoc and sensor network applications and communication technologies.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Algorithms And Protocols For Wireless And Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

Author : Azzedine Boukerche
ISBN : 9780470396377
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75.56 MB
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Learn the fundamental algorithms and protocols for wireless and mobile ad hoc networks Advances in wireless networking and mobile communication technologies, coupled with the proliferation of portable computers, have led to development efforts for wireless and mobile ad hoc networks. This book focuses on several aspects of wireless ad hoc networks, particularly algorithmic methods and distributed computing with mobility and computation capabilities. It covers everything readers need to build a foundation for the design of future mobile ad hoc networks: Establishing an efficient communication infrastructure Robustness control for network-wide broadcast The taxonomy of routing algorithms Adaptive backbone multicast routing The effect of inference on routing Routing protocols in intermittently connected mobile ad hoc networks and delay tolerant networks Transport layer protocols ACK-thinning techniques for TCP in MANETs Power control protocols Power saving in solar powered WLAN mesh networks Reputation and trust-based systems Vehicular ad hoc networks Cluster interconnection in 802.15.4 beacon enabled networks The book is complemented with a set of exercises that challenge readers to test their understanding of the material. Algorithms and Protocols for Wireless and Mobile Ad Hoc Networks is appropriate as a self-study guide for electrical engineers, computer engineers, network engineers, and computer science specialists. It also serves as a valuable supplemental textbook in computer science, electrical engineering, and network engineering courses at the advanced undergraduate and graduate levels.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Advances In Information And Communication

Author : Kohei Arai
ISBN : 9783030123888
Genre : Computers
File Size : 31.27 MB
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This book presents a remarkable collection of chapters that cover a wide range of topics in the areas of information and communication technologies and their real-world applications. It gathers the Proceedings of the Future of Information and Communication Conference 2019 (FICC 2019), held in San Francisco, USA from March 14 to 15, 2019. The conference attracted a total of 462 submissions from pioneering researchers, scientists, industrial engineers, and students from all around the world. Following a double-blind peer review process, 160 submissions (including 15 poster papers) were ultimately selected for inclusion in these proceedings. The papers highlight relevant trends in, and the latest research on: Communication, Data Science, Ambient Intelligence, Networking, Computing, Security, and the Internet of Things. Further, they address all aspects of Information Science and communication technologies, from classical to intelligent, and both the theory and applications of the latest technologies and methodologies. Gathering chapters that discuss state-of-the-art intelligent methods and techniques for solving real-world problems, along with future research directions, the book represents both an interesting read and a valuable asset.
Category: Computers

The Handbook Of Ad Hoc Wireless Networks

Author : Mohammad Ilyas
ISBN : 9781420040401
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 77.91 MB
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A relative newcomer to the field of wireless communications, ad hoc networking is growing quickly, both in its importance and its applications. With rapid advances in hardware, software, and protocols, ad hoc networks are now coming of age, and the time has come to bring together into one reference their principles, technologies, and techniques. The Handbook of Ad Hoc Wireless Networks does exactly that. Experts from around the world have joined forces to create the definitive reference for the field. From the basic concepts, techniques, systems, and protocols of wireless communication to the particulars of ad hoc network routing methods, power, connections, traffic management, and security, this handbook covers virtually every aspect of ad hoc wireless networking. It includes a section that explores several routing methods and protocols directly related to implementing ad hoc networks in a variety of applications. The benefits of ad hoc wireless networks are many, but several challenges remain. Organized for easy reference, The Handbook of Ad Hoc Wireless Networks is your opportunity to gain quick familiarity with the state of the art, have at your disposal the only complete reference on the subject available, and prepare to meet the technological and implementation challenges you'll encounter in practice.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Computer Vision And Information Technology

Author : K. V. Kale
ISBN : 9789380026954
Genre : Computer science
File Size : 24.98 MB
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Spread in 133 articles divided in 20 sections the present treatises broadly discusses: Part 1: Image Processing Part 2: Radar and Satellite Image Processing Part 3: Image Filtering Part 4: Content Based Image Retrieval Part 5: Color Image Processing and Video Processing Part 6: Medical Image Processing Part 7: Biometric Part 8: Network Part 9: Mobile Computing Part 10: Pattern Recognition Part 11: Pattern Classification Part 12: Genetic Algorithm Part 13: Data Warehousing and Mining Part 14: Embedded System Part 15: Wavelet Part 16: Signal Processing Part 17: Neural Network Part 18: Nanotechnology and Quantum Computing Part 19: Image Analysis Part 20: Human Computer Interaction
Category: Computer science

Cooperative Multi Channel Mac Protocols For Wireless Ad Hoc Networks

Author : Yuhan Moon
ISBN : OCLC:798373694
Genre : Ad hoc networks (Computer networks)
File Size : 64.42 MB
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Today, many wireless networks are single-channel systems. However, as the interest in wireless services increases, the contention by nodes to occupy the medium is more intense and interference worsens. One direction with the potential to increase system throughput is multi-channel systems. Multi-channel systems have been shown to reduce collisions and increase concurrency thus producing better bandwidth usage. However, the well-known hidden- and exposed-terminal problems inherited from single-channel systems remain, and a new channel selection problem is introduced. In this dissertation, Multi-channel medium access control (MAC) protocols are proposed for mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) for nodes equipped with a single half-duplex transceiver, using more sophisticated physical layer technologies. These include code division multiple access (CDMA), orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA), and diversity. CDMA increases channel reuse, while OFDMA enables communication by multiple users in parallel. There is a challenge to using each technology in MANETs, where there is no fixed infrastructure or centralized control. CDMA suffers from the near-far problem, while OFDMA requires channel synchronization to decode the signal. As a result CDMA and OFDMA are not yet widely used. Cooperative (diversity) mechanisms provide vital information to facilitate communication set-up between source-destination node pairs and help overcome limitations of physical layer technologies in MANETs. In this dissertation, the Cooperative CDMA-based Multi-channel MAC (CCM-MAC) protocol uses CDMA to enable concurrent transmissions on each channel. The Power-controlled CDMA-based Multi-channel MAC (PCC-MAC) protocol uses transmission power control at each node and mitigates collisions of control packets on the control channel by using different sizes of the spreading factor to have different processing gains for the control signals. The Cooperative Dual-access Multi-channel MAC (CDM-MAC) protocol combines the use of OFDMA and CDMA and minimizes channel interference by a resolvable balanced incomplete block design (BIBD). In each protocol, cooperating nodes help reduce the incidence of the multi-channel hidden- and exposed-terminal and help address the near-far problem of CDMA by supplying information. Simulation results show that each of the proposed protocols achieve significantly better system performance when compared to IEEE 802.11, other multi-channel protocols, and another protocol CDMA-based.
Category: Ad hoc networks (Computer networks)

Encyclopedia On Ad Hoc And Ubiquitous Computing

Author : Dharma P. Agrawal
ISBN : 9789812833495
Genre : Ad hoc networks (Computer networks)
File Size : 27.21 MB
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Ad hoc and ubiquitous computing technologies have received extensive attention in both the academia and industry with the explosive growth of wireless communication devices. These technologies are beneficial for many applications, such as offering futuristic high bandwidth access for users, and are expected to offer more exciting and efficient services, anytime and anywhere. In order to satisfy these diverse applications, the design issues of various wireless networks such as ad hoc, sensor, and mesh networks are extremely complicated and there are a number of technique challenges that need to be explored, involving every layer of the OSI protocol stack. This book aims to provide a complete understanding of these networks by investigating the evolution of ad hoc, sensor, and mesh networking technologies from theoretic concept to implementation protocols, from fundamentals to real applications. It provides the necessary background material needed to go deeper into the subject and explore the research literature. The explanation in the book is therefore sufficiently detailed to serve as a comprehensive reference for students, instructors, researchers, engineers, and other professionals, building their understanding of these networks. Sample Chapter(s). Chapter 1: Survey on Link Quality Models in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks (235 KB). Contents: Mobile Ad Hoc Networks: Survey on Link Quality Models in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks (M Lu & J Wu); Scalable Multicast Routing in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (R Menchaca-Mendez & J J Garcia-Luna-Aceves); TCP, Congestion, and Admission Control Protocols in Ad Hoc Networks (A Mishra et al.); Wireless Ad Hoc Networks with Directional Antennas (B Alawieh et al.); Peer-to-Peer and Content Sharing in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (M Abuelela & S Olariu); Properties of the Vehicle-to-Vehicle Channel for Dedicated Short Range Communications (L Cheng et al.); Radio Resource Management in Cellular Relay Networks (K-D Lee & V C M Leung); Game Theoretic Tools Applied to Wireless Networks (H Liu et al.); Wireless Sensor Networks: Wireless Sensor Networks OCo Routing Protocols (A Jamalipour & M A Azim); Handling QoS Traffic in Wireless Sensor Networks (M Younis et al.); Mobility in Wireless Sensor Networks (A Asok et al.); Delay-Tolerant Mobile Sensor Networks (Y Wang & H Wu); Integration of RFID and Wireless Sensor Networks (H Liu et al.); Integrating Sensor Networks with the Semantic Web (Y Pei & B Wang); Effective Multiuser Broadcast Authentication in Wireless Sensor Networks (K Ren et al.); Security Attacks and Challenges in Wireless Sensor Networks (A-S K Pathan & C S Hong); Information Security in Wireless Sensor Networks (A Ouadjaout et al.); Wireless Mesh Networks: Network Architecture and Flow Control in Multi-Hop Wireless Mesh Networks (D Nandiraju et al.); Multi-Hop MAC: IEEE 802.11s Wireless Mesh Networks (R C Carrano et al.); Channel Assignment in Wireless Mesh Networks (W Fu et al.); Multi-Hop, Multi-Path and Load Balanced Routing in Wireless Mesh Networks (S Mishra & N Shenoy); Mobility Management in Wireless Mesh Networks (P Wu et al.); Selfishness and Security Schemes for Wireless Mesh Network (L Santhanam et al.). Readership: Advanced undergraduates and graduate students in computer engineering; instructors; researchers; engineers and other professionals."
Category: Ad hoc networks (Computer networks)

Resource Mobility And Security Management In Wireless Networks And Mobile Communications

Author : Yan Zhang
ISBN : 9781420013610
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 69.98 MB
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Organized into three parts, Resource, Mobility, and Security Management in Wireless Networks and Mobile Communications examines the inherent constraint of limited bandwidth and unreliable time-varying physical link in the wireless system, discusses the demand to realize the service continuity in the single-hop or multi-hop wireless networks, and explores trusted communication in mobile computing scenarios. Focusing on the background, technique survey, protocol design, and analytical methods, the book discusses standards in 802.11x/3G/4G, HotSpot Wireless, Bluetooth sensor networks, and access control in wireless Ad Hoc networks. Other topics include call admission control (CAC), routing, multicast, medium access control (MAC), scheduling, bandwidth adaptation, handoff management, location management, network mobility, secure routing, key management, authentication, security, privacy, and performance simulation and analysis. This book is a comprehensive source of information on basic concepts, major issues, design approaches, future research directions, and the interaction between these components. With its broad coverage allowing for easy cross reference, the book also provides detailed techniques for eliminating bandwidth insufficiency, increasing location management performance, and decreasing the associated authentication traffic. Features: Offers competitive, self-contained information on resource, mobility, and security management in wireless networks Explains the interaction and coupling among the most important components in wireless networks Examines background, applications, and standard protocols Addresses challenges and solutions in key management of wireless sensor networks Covers how to provide effective and efficient authentication and key agreements for cellular access security
Category: Technology & Engineering

Ad Hoc Networking Towards Seamless Communications

Author : Liljana Gavrilovska
ISBN : 9781402050664
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 41.92 MB
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This book reveals the state-of-the-art in wireless ad-hoc networking. It addresses many complex and open problems for researchers in the field of ad hoc networks. It further discusses some of the key research topics that are expected to promote and accelerate the commercial application of these networks (e.g., MAC, routing, QoS, optimization issues, service discovery, traffic models, mobility, handovers, security). It also presents "killer applications".
Category: Technology & Engineering

Characterizing The Interaction Between Routing And Mac Protocols In Ad Hoc Networks

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:727250571
Genre :
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We empirically study the effect of mobility on the performance of protocols designed for wireless ad-hoc networks. An important objective is to study the interaction of the Routing and MAC layer protocols under different mobility parameters. We use three basic mobility models: grid mobility model, random waypoint model, and exponential correlated random model. The performance of protocols is measured in terms of (i) latency, (ii) throughput, (iii) number of packets received, (iv) long term fairness and (v) number of control packets at the MAC and routing layer level. Three different commonly studied routing protocols are used: AODV, DSR and LAR1. Similarly three well known MAC protocols are used: MACA, 802.1 1 and CSMA. Our main contribution is simulation based experiments coupled with rigorous statistical analysis to characterize the interaction of MAC layer protocols with routing layer protocols in ad-hoc networks. From the results, we can conclude the following: e No single MAC or Routing protocol dominated the other protocols in their class. Probably more interestingly, no MAURouting protocol combination was better than other combinations over all scenarios and response variables. 0 In general, it is not meaningful to speak about a MAC or a routing protocol in isolation. Presence of interaction leads to trade-offs between the amount of control packets generated by each layer. The results raise the possibility of improving the performance of a particular MAC layer protocol by using a cleverly designed routing protocol or vice-versa. Thus in order to improve the performanceof a communication network, it is important to study the entire protocol stack as a single algorithmic construct; optimizing individual layers in the seven layer OS1 stack will not yield performance improvements beyond a point. A methodological contribution of this paper is the use of statistical methods such as analysis of variance (ANOVA), to characterize the interaction between the protocols, mobility patterns and speed. Such methods allow us to analyze complicated experiments with large input space in a systematic manner.

Adaptation And Cross Layer Design In Wireless Networks

Author : Mohamed Ibnkahla
ISBN : 9781420046106
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 24.28 MB
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Adaptive techniques play a key role in modern wireless communication systems. The concept of adaptation is emphasized in the Adaptation in Wireless Communications Series through a unified framework across all layers of the wireless protocol stack ranging from the physical layer to the application layer, and from cellular systems to next-generation wireless networks. Adaptation and Cross Layer Design in Wireless Networks is devoted to adaptation in the data link layer, network layer, and application layer. The book presents state-of-the-art adaptation techniques and methodologies, including cross-layer adaptation, joint signal processing, coding and networking, selfishness in mobile ad hoc networks, cooperative and opportunistic protocols, adaptation techniques for multimedia support, self –organizing routing, and tunable security services. It presents several new theoretical paradigms and analytical findings which are supported with various simulation and experimental results. Adaptation in wireless communications is needed in order to achieve high capacity and ubiquitous communications. The current trend in wireless communication systems is to make adaptation dependent upon the state of the relevant parameters in all layers of the system. Focusing on simplified cross layer design approaches, this volume describes advanced techniques such as adaptive resource management, adaptive modulation and coding, 4G communications, QoS, diversity combining, and energy and mobility aware MAC protocols. The first volume in the series, Adaptive Signal Processing in Wireless Communications (cat no.46012) covers adaptive signal processing at the physical layer.
Category: Technology & Engineering