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Author : Randolph Nelson
ISBN : 9783030378615
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 81.13 MB
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The goal of this book is to showcase the beauty of mathematics as revealed in nine topics of discrete mathematics. In each chapter, properties are explored through a series of straightforward questions that terminate with results that lie at the doorstep of a field of study. Each step along the way is elementary and requires only algebraic manipulation. This frames the wonder of mathematics and highlights the complex world that lies behind a series of simple, mathematical, deductions. Topics addressed include combinatorics, unifying properties of symmetric functions, the Golden ratio as it leads to k-bonacci numbers, non-intuitive and surprising results found in a simple coin tossing game, the playful, trick question aspect of modular systems, exploration of basic properties of prime numbers and derivations of bewildering results that arise from approximating irrational numbers as continued fraction expansions. The Appendix contains the basic tools of mathematics that are used in the text along with a numerous list of identities that are derived in the body of the book. The mathematics in the book is derived from first principles. On only one occasion does it rely on a result not derived within the text. Since the book does not require calculus or advanced techniques, it should be accessible to advanced high school students and undergraduates in math or computer science. Senior mathematicians might be unfamiliar with some of the topics addressed in its pages or find interest in the book's unified approach to discrete math.

Journey into Discrete Mathematics is designed for use in a first course in mathematical abstraction for early-career undergraduate mathematics majors. The important ideas of discrete mathematics are included—logic, sets, proof writing, relations, counting, number theory, and graph theory—in a manner that promotes development of a mathematical mindset and prepares students for further study. While the treatment is designed to prepare the student reader for the mathematics major, the book remains attractive and appealing to students of computer science and other problem-solving disciplines. The exposition is exquisite and engaging and features detailed descriptions of the thought processes that one might follow to attack the problems of mathematics. The problems are appealing and vary widely in depth and difficulty. Careful design of the book helps the student reader learn to think like a mathematician through the exposition and the problems provided. Several of the core topics, including counting, number theory, and graph theory, are visited twice: once in an introductory manner and then again in a later chapter with more advanced concepts and with a deeper perspective. Owen D. Byer and Deirdre L. Smeltzer are both Professors of Mathematics at Eastern Mennonite University. Kenneth L. Wantz is Professor of Mathematics at Regent University. Collectively the authors have specialized expertise and research publications ranging widely over discrete mathematics and have over fifty semesters of combined experience in teaching this subject.

Author : Martin Loebl
ISBN : 3319444786
Genre : Computers
File Size : 79.42 MB
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This collection of high-quality articles in the field of combinatorics, geometry, algebraic topology and theoretical computer science is a tribute to Jiří Matoušek, who passed away prematurely in March 2015. It is a collaborative effort by his colleagues and friends, who have paid particular attention to clarity of exposition – something Jirka would have approved of. The original research articles, surveys and expository articles, written by leading experts in their respective fields, map Jiří Matoušek’s numerous areas of mathematical interest.

Author : Owen D. Byer
ISBN : 9781470446963
Genre : Combinatorial analysis
File Size : 52.96 MB
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Journey into Discrete Mathematics is designed for use in a first course in mathematical abstraction for early-career undergraduate mathematics majors. The important ideas of discrete mathematics are included—logic, sets, proof writing, relations, counting, number theory, and graph theory—in a manner that promotes development of a mathematical mindset and prepares students for further study. While the treatment is designed to prepare the student reader for the mathematics major, the book remains attractive and appealing to students of computer science and other problem-solving disciplines. The exposition is exquisite and engaging and features detailed descriptions of the thought processes that one might follow to attack the problems of mathematics. The problems are appealing and vary widely in depth and difficulty. Careful design of the book helps the student reader learn to think like a mathematician through the exposition and the problems provided. Several of the core topics, including counting, number theory, and graph theory, are visited twice: once in an introductory manner and then again in a later chapter with more advanced concepts and with a deeper perspective. Owen D. Byer and Deirdre L. Smeltzer are both Professors of Mathematics at Eastern Mennonite University. Kenneth L. Wantz is Professor of Mathematics at Regent University. Collectively the authors have specialized expertise and research publications ranging widely over discrete mathematics and have over fifty semesters of combined experience in teaching this subject.

This book takes the reader on a journey from familiar high school mathematics to undergraduate algebra and number theory. The journey starts with the basic idea that new number systems arise from solving different equations, leading to (abstract) algebra. Along this journey, the reader will be exposed to important ideas of mathematics, and will learn a little about how mathematics is really done. Starting at an elementary level, the book gradually eases the reader into the complexities of higher mathematics; in particular, the formal structure of mathematical writing (definitions, theorems and proofs) is introduced in simple terms. The book covers a range of topics, from the very foundations (numbers, set theory) to basic abstract algebra (groups, rings, fields), driven throughout by the need to understand concrete equations and problems, such as determining which numbers are sums of squares. Some topics usually reserved for a more advanced audience, such as Eisenstein integers or quadratic reciprocity, are lucidly presented in an accessible way. The book also introduces the reader to open source software for computations, to enhance understanding of the material and nurture basic programming skills. For the more adventurous, a number of Outlooks included in the text offer a glimpse of possible mathematical excursions. This book supports readers in transition from high school to university mathematics, and will also benefit university students keen to explore the beginnings of algebraic number theory. It can be read either on its own or as a supporting text for first courses in algebra or number theory, and can also be used for a topics course on Diophantine equations.

Author : Brian Hopkins
ISBN : 0883851849
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 62.68 MB
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Resources for Teaching Discrete Mathematics presents nineteen classroom tested projects complete with student handouts, solutions, and notes to the instructor. Topics range from a first day activity that motivates proofs to applications of discrete mathematics to chemistry, biology, and data storage. Other projects provide: supplementary material on classic topics such as the towers of Hanoi and the Josephus problem, how to use a calculator to explore various course topics, how to employ Cuisenaire rods to examine the Fibonacci numbers and other sequences, and how you can use plastic pipes to create a geodesic dome. The book contains eleven history modules that allow students to explore topics in their original context. Sources range from eleventh century Chinese figures that prompted Leibniz to write on binary arithmetic, to a 1959 article on automata theory. Excerpts include: Pascal's "Treatise on the Arithmetical Triangle," Hamilton's "Account of the Icosian Game," and Cantor's (translated) "Contributions to the Founding of the Theory of Transfinite Numbers." Five articles complete the book. Three address extensions of standard discrete mathematics content: an exploration of historical counting problems with attention to discovering formulas, a discussion of how computers store graphs, and a survey connecting the principle of inclusion-exclusion to Möbius inversion. Finally, there are two articles on pedagogy specifically related to discrete mathematics courses: a summary of adapting a group discovery method to larger classes, and a discussion of using logic in encouraging students to construct proofs.

Author : Ryan T. White
ISBN : 9781838983505
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 25.42 MB
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A practical guide simplifying discrete math for curious minds and demonstrating its application in solving problems related to software development, computer algorithms, and data science Key Features Apply the math of countable objects to practical problems in computer science Explore modern Python libraries such as scikit-learn, NumPy, and SciPy for performing mathematics Learn complex statistical and mathematical concepts with the help of hands-on examples and expert guidance Book Description Discrete mathematics deals with studying countable, distinct elements, and its principles are widely used in building algorithms for computer science and data science. The knowledge of discrete math concepts will help you understand the algorithms, binary, and general mathematics that sit at the core of data-driven tasks. Practical Discrete Mathematics is a comprehensive introduction for those who are new to the mathematics of countable objects. This book will help you get up to speed with using discrete math principles to take your computer science skills to a more advanced level. As you learn the language of discrete mathematics, you'll also cover methods crucial to studying and describing computer science and machine learning objects and algorithms. The chapters that follow will guide you through how memory and CPUs work. In addition to this, you'll understand how to analyze data for useful patterns, before finally exploring how to apply math concepts in network routing, web searching, and data science. By the end of this book, you'll have a deeper understanding of discrete math and its applications in computer science, and be ready to work on real-world algorithm development and machine learning. What you will learn Understand the terminology and methods in discrete math and their usage in algorithms and data problems Use Boolean algebra in formal logic and elementary control structures Implement combinatorics to measure computational complexity and manage memory allocation Use random variables, calculate descriptive statistics, and find average-case computational complexity Solve graph problems involved in routing, pathfinding, and graph searches, such as depth-first search Perform ML tasks such as data visualization, regression, and dimensionality reduction Who this book is for This book is for computer scientists looking to expand their knowledge of discrete math, the core topic of their field. University students looking to get hands-on with computer science, mathematics, statistics, engineering, or related disciplines will also find this book useful. Basic Python programming skills and knowledge of elementary real-number algebra are required to get started with this book.

Author : Ricardo V Teixeira
ISBN : 9789811214523
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 54.46 MB
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Teixeira and Park present over 60 different magic tricks while introducing students to high-level math areas. Readers will learn really interesting ideas that will better prepare them for future courses and help them finding areas they might want to study deeper. And as a 'side effect' students will learn amazing magic tricks, century-old secrets, and details from famous magicians and mathematicians.The material was written to quickly present key concepts in several mathematical areas in direct way. Little or no proficiency in math is assumed. In fact, students do not require any Calculus knowledge. And since chapters are almost independent from each other, this book also work as introduction to several other courses.Topics covered include mathematical proofs, probability, abstract algebra, linear algebra, mathematical computing, number theory, coding theory, geometry, topology, real analysis, numerical analysis and history of math.

Author : I Hardwick
ISBN : 9780857099822
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 70.31 MB
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This text offers a complete coverage in the Decision Mathematics module, also known as Discrete Mathematics, of the syllabuses of English A-level examination boards. it is a rewritten and modern version of Decision Mathematics (published by Ellis Horwood Ltd in 1986 for The Spode Group, so well known for its development of innovative mathematics teaching). It is also a suitable text for foundation and first year undergraduate courses in qualitative studies or operational research, or for access courses for students needing strengthening in mathematics, or for students who are moving into mathematics from another subject discipline. Compact and concise, it reflects the combined teaching skills and experience of its authors who know exactly what mathematics must be learnt at the readership level today. The text is built up in modular fashion, explaining concepts used in decision mathematics and related operational research, and electronics. It emphasises an understanding of techniques and algorithms, which it relates to real life situations and working problems that will apply throughout future working careers. Clear explanations of algorithms and all concepts Plentiful worked examples, clear diagrams Many exercises (with answers for self-study)

Author : O. A. Ivanov
ISBN : 9781470448769
Genre : Education
File Size : 45.28 MB
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Portal through Mathematics is a collection of puzzles and problems mostly on topics relating to secondary mathematics. The problems and topics are fresh and interesting and frequently surprising. One example: the puzzle that asks how much length must be added to a belt around the Earth's equator to raise it one foot has probably achieved old chestnut status. Ivanov, after explaining the surprising answer to this question, goes a step further and asks, if you grabbed that too long belt at some point and raised it as high as possible, how high would that be? The answer to that is more surprising than the classic puzzle's answer. The book is organized into 29 themes, each a topic from algebra, geometry or calculus and each launched from an opening puzzle or problem. There are excursions into number theory, solid geometry, physics and combinatorics. Always there is an emphasis on surprise and delight. And every theme begins at a level approachable with minimal background requirements. With well over 250 puzzles and problems, there is something here sure to appeal to everyone. Portal through Mathematics will be useful for prospective secondary teachers of mathematics and may be used (as a supplementary resource) in university courses in algebra, geometry, calculus, and discrete mathematics. It can also be used for professional development for teachers looking for inspiration. However, the intended audience is much broader. Every fan of mathematics will find enjoyment in it.

Author : Edgar G. Goodaire
ISBN : 0131679953
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 48.74 MB
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Far more "user friendly" than the vast majority of similar books, this volume is truly written with the unsophisticated reader in mind. The pace is leisurely, but the authors are rigorous and maintain a serious attitude towards theorem proving throughout. Emphasizes "Active Reading" throughout, a skill vital to success in learning how to write proofs. Offers two sections on probability (2.4 and 2.5). Moves material on depth-first search, which previously comprised an entire (very short) chapter, to an earlier chapter where it fits more naturally. Rewrites section on RNA chains to include a new (and easier) algorithm for the recovery of an RNA chain from its complete enzyme digest. Provides true/false questions (with all answers in the back of the book) in every section. Features an appendix on matrices. A useful reference for mathematics enthusiasts who want to learn how to write proofs.

Author : Stephen Barnett
ISBN : UCSD:31822026238238
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 66.42 MB
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For the increasing number of students who need an understanding of the subject, Discrete Mathematics: Numbers and Beyond provides the perfect introduction. Aimed particularly at non-specialists, its attractive style and practical approach offer easy access to this important subject. With an emphasis on methods and applications rather than rigorous proofs, the book's coverage is based an the essential topics of numbers, counting and numerical processes. Discrete Mathematics: Numbers and Beyond supplies the reader with a thorough grounding in number systems, modular arithmetic, combinatorics, networks and graphs, coding theory and recurrence relations. Throughout the book, learning is aided and reinforced by the following features: a wealth of exercises and problems of varying difficulty a wide range of illustrative applications of general interest numerous worked examples and diagrams team-based student projects in every chapter concise, informal explanations tips for further reading Discrete Mathematics: Numbers and Beyond is an ideal textbook for an introductory discrete mathematics course taken by students of economics, computer science, mathematics, business, finance, engineering and the sciences. 0201342928B04062001

Author : Susanna S. Epp
ISBN : UCSD:31822036926285
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 70.93 MB
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Susanna Epp's DISCRETE MATHEMATICS, THIRD EDITION provides a clear introduction to discrete mathematics. Renowned for her lucid, accessible prose, Epp explains complex, abstract concepts with clarity and precision. This book presents not only the major themes of discrete mathematics, but also the reasoning that underlies mathematical thought. Students develop the ability to think abstractly as they study the ideas of logic and proof. While learning about such concepts as logic circuits and computer addition, algorithm analysis, recursive thinking, computability, automata, cryptography, and combinatorics, students discover that the ideas of discrete mathematics underlie and are essential to the science and technology of the computer age. Overall, Epp's emphasis on reasoning provides students with a strong foundation for computer science and upper-level mathematics courses.

Author : Gheorghe Stefanescu
ISBN : 185233195X
Genre : Computers
File Size : 72.58 MB
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Network algebra considers the algebraic study of networks and their behavior. It approaches the models in a sharp and simple manner. This book takes an integrated view of a broad range of applications, varying from concrete hardware-oriented models to high-level software-oriented models.

This lively and fascinating text traces the key developments in computation – from 3000 B.C. to the present day – in an easy-to-follow and concise manner. Topics and features: ideal for self-study, offering many pedagogical features such as chapter-opening key topics, chapter introductions and summaries, exercises, and a glossary; presents detailed information on major figures in computing, such as Boole, Babbage, Shannon, Turing, Zuse and Von Neumann; discusses the earliest computers developed in the United States, Germany and Britain; discusses the development of the IBM 360 family of computers and its importance; discusses the invention of the transistor and integrated circuit; discusses the birth of the software industry and the evolution of human-computer interaction; reviews the history of programming languages, operating systems and software engineering; discusses the progress of artificial intelligence; discusses the invention of the microprocessor and the development of home and personal computers; examines the impact on society of the introduction of the personal computer, the World Wide Web, and the development of mobile phone technology; discusses smart phones and social media and the challenge of fake news; reviews a miscellany of innovations in the computing field such as cloud computing, the Internet of Things, and Quantum Computing; discusses legal aspects of computing and the professional responsibilities of computer professionals.

Author : Margaret J. Kenney
ISBN : STANFORD:36105005016659
Genre : Computer science
File Size : 78.53 MB
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Discrete mathematics is the branch of mathematics that deals with arrangements of distinct objects. It includes a wide variety of topics and techniques that arise in everyday life, such as how to find the best route from one city to another, where the objects are cities arranged on a map. It also includes how to count the number of different combinations of toppings for pizzas, how best to schedule a list of tasks to be done, and how computers store and retrieve arrangements of information on a screen.

Author : Amanda Chetwynd
ISBN : UCSC:32106014710682
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 69.36 MB
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This book provides a concise overview of some fundamental concepts in modern mathematics: logic, sets, relations and functions, developing these ideas in the context of probability, combinatorics and graph theory.