导读:考研圈公认的一条准则:得阅读者得天下。阅读的考察大到篇章,小到标点符号,所以我们要掌握各个细节,知己知彼方能百战不殆。小编给大家分享了解“2020考研英语阅读考场应试注意“九大符号秘密””,一起了解一下吧~

1.逗号comma

 
用于分割并列成分.考研重点:两个逗号之间,或者一个逗号之后,如果是补充说明成分时,跳过不看.Eg. Some huge American industries, such as consumer electronics, had shrunk or vanished in the face of foreign competition.
 
2.句号period/fullstop
 
①用于陈述句,表示一个句子的结束,起分割切分句子作用.
 
②用于某些缩略词之后.比如Mr.、Ms.、etc.等等.如果句号作为简写符号使用,那么这个词语简写前后面的符号应该照常写上,因为简写号并非句号,也不遵循句号的语法.比如Entreprise Co.,Ltd或者I invited Tom,Jerry,etc..(注意两个点).
 
③用作小数点
 
3.问号
 
考研英语阅读文章中的问号一般都是设问的功能,只问不答,答案不言自明.Eg1.考研难道没有价值吗?另外,如果开篇就是问句,那么则属于问题答案型文章,对问题的回答就是全文主旨.
 
4.冒号(colon):冒号前后是从抽象到具体的过程,后面进一步补充说明前面的内容.
 
Eg.1997 passage3 Q2
 
60.The word "pervasive" (Line 1, Paragraph 2) might mean________.
 
[A]widespread[B]overwhelming
 
[C]piercing[D]fashionable
 
We live in a society in which the medicinal and social use of substances (drugs) is pervasive: an aspirin to quiet a headache, some wine to be sociable, coffee to get going in the morning, a cigarette for the nerves.
 
5.分号(semi-colon)前后是并列关系,包括结构上并列和语义上的并列.
 
For us, this means that evolution is over; the biological Utopia has arrived. (2000 Passage2)
 
6.引号(quotationmarks):①引用②强调③讽刺
 
Eg1 “Scientific” creationism, which is being pushed by some for “equal time” in the classrooms whenever the scientific accounts of evolution are given, is based on religion, not science.
 
7.括号(parentheses)①解释说明生词.②补充说明
 
Drugs (substances) that affect the central nervous system and alter perception, mood, and behavior are known as psychoactive substances. (1997,Text 3)
 
8.破折号(dash)
 
①一个破折号后面起补充说明或评价判断.
 
I am an idiot - the stupidest kind of all.“This book stands for reason itself.” And so it does — and all would be well were reason the only judge in the creationism/evolution debate.
 
②两破折号之间其补充说明,可先跳过不看.
 
In Australia—where an aging population, life-extending technology and changing community attitudes have all played their part—other states are going to consider making a similar law to deal with euthanasia.
 
9.省略号(ellipsis)...
 
英文中的省略号的作用和汉语是一样的.当省略号在句围并且有下文时,应该打四个点,最后一个为句号.如:Anditflewfurther,andfurther,andfurther....Jorgesmiledandturnedback.当省略号在句尾并作为语气延长的作用时,应使用修辞前的标点,如:Doyouloveme...?其余情况下使用三个点.如:The Martians...they just...just bombed our...our town,please send...more...